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British Literary Periods

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Victoria Weiss

on 18 July 2017

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Transcript of British Literary Periods

British Literary Periods
British Monarchs
Old English/Anglo-Saxon Period
Content of Literature & stories
strong belief in fate -
werglid society
juxtaposition of church and pagan worlds
admiration of heroic warriors who prevail in battle
express religious faith and give moral instruction through literature
oral tradition of literature
poetry dominant genre
unique verse form
4 beat rhythm
757 - Offra
759-802 DARK AGES
802 - Egbert, King of Wessex
839 - Ethelwulf
856 - Ethelbald
860 - Ethelbert
866 - Ethelred
871 - Alfred 'The Great'
899 - Edward 'The Elder'
924 - Athelstan
939 - Edmund I.
946 - Edred
955 - Edwy
959 - Edgar
975 - Edward II 'The Matyr'
979 -
Ethelred II 'The Unready'
1013 - Sweyn
1014 -
Ethelred II 'The Unready'
Apr-Nov 1016 - Edmund II 'Ironside'
1016 - Canute 'The Great'
1035 - Harold Harefoot
1035 -Hardicanute (ruled in Denmark while is brother Harold Harefoot
ruled in England - but he was the true Englsih king from 1035 -1042)
1042 - Edward III 'The Confessor'
1066 - Harold
Anglo Saxon Kings
Middle English Period (The Medieval Period)
Shifting Language & Illiterate Masses
• plays that instruct the illiterate masses in morals and religion
• chivalric code of honor
• religious devotion

oral tradition continues
folk ballads
mystery and miracle plays
morality plays
stock epithets
frame stories
moral tales

Middle English Kings
The Normans
1066 - William I 'The Conqueror'
1087 - William II
1100 - Henry I 'Beauclerc'
1135 - Stephen and Matilda
The Angevins
1154 - Henry II 'Curtmantle'
1189 - Richard I Coeur de Lion 'The Lionheart'
1199 - John Lackland
The Plantagenets
1216 - Henry III
1272 - Edward I 'Longshanks'
1307 - Edward II
1327 - Edward III
1377 - Richard II
The Lancastrians
1399 - Henry IV
1413 - Henry V
1422 -
Henry VI
The Yorkists
1461 -
Edward IV
The Lancastrians
1470 -
Henry VI
The Yorkists
1471 -
Edward IV
Apr-June 1483 - Edward V
1483 - Richard III
The War of the Roses
The Renaissance
world view shifts from religion and after life to one stressing the human life on earth
popular theme: development of human potential
popular theme: many aspects of love explored
1. unrequited love
2. constant love
3. timeless love
4. courtly love
5. love subject to change

Religious Writers
Sir Thomas More
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Sir Philip Sidney
Edmund Spenser
Christopher Marlowe
William Shakespeare
Sir Walter Raleigh
James Shirley
Ben Jonson
John Milton
George Herbert
John Donne
John Donne
George Herbert
Henry Vaughan
Edward Herbert
Thomas Carew
Richard Crashaw
Andrew Marvell
Richard Lovelace
Sir John Suckling
John Fisher
William Tyndale
Hugh Latimer
Thomas Cranmer
John Foxe
Robert Southwell
Richard Hooker
John Donne
Joseph Hall
George Herbert
John Milton
Henry Vaughan
John Bunyan
Andrew Marvell
Ben Jonson
Robert Herrick
Edward Herbert
Thomas Carew
James Shirley
Sir John Suckling
Richard Lovelace
Henry Vaughan
Andrew Marvell
The Tudors
1485 - Henry VII
1509 - Henry VIII
1547 - Edward VI
July 1553 - Lady Jane Grey
1553 - Mary I
1558 - Elizabeth I
The Stuarts:
1603 - James I
1625 - Charles I
1649 - Oliver Cromwell
Renaissance Monarchs

• poetry
o Spenserian Sonnet
o Shakespearean Sonnet
• drama
o written in verse
o supported by royalty
o tragedies, comedies, histories
• metaphysical poetry
o elaborate and unexpected metaphors called conceits

The Neoclassical Monarchs
The Stuarts:
1660 - Charles II
1685 - James II
1688 - Mary II & William III
1702 - Anne
The Hanoverians
1714 - George I
1727 - George II
1760 - George III

Romantic Monarchs
The Hanoverians:
1760 - George III
1820 - George IV
1830 - William IV
The Victorian Queen
The Hanoverians:
1837 - Victoria
The Modern/Post Modern Monarchs
The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1901 - Edward VII
The House of Windsor
1910 - George V
1936 Edward VIII
1936 - George VI
1952 - Elizabeth II
Contemporary Period Monarch
The House of Windsor
1952 - Elizabeth II
Neoclassical Period
Content of literature:
reliance on logic and structure to instruct readers
stresses paradox, contradictions, of the culture - the instability and the order
Criticism of decadent society
satire: uses irony and exaggeration to poke fun at human faults and foolishness in order to correct human behavior
letters, diaries, biographies
the beginning of the novel (mostly adventure novels)
(Restoration or Augustan Age)
Romantic Era
1798 - 1832
The Victorian Period
1832 - 1900
Modern / Post Modern Period
1900 - 1980
Contemporary Period
1980 - Present
The Romantic poets
were dedicated to political and social change
believed in the power of literature
thought imagination—not reason—was the best response to forces of change
created private, spontaneous lyric poetry
If imagination is the Romantic poets guide to truth, Nature is the wise teacher that can deliver the lesson.
lyrical ballads
Reasons for contemporary British literature’s amazing diversity.
The influence of different social and philosophical movements
The influx of literature from Britain's former colonies
Innovations in technology and communication
The effects of various political concerns
Literary Content:
conflict between those in power and the common masses of laborers and the poor
shocking life of sweatshops and urban poor is highlighted in literature to insist on reform
country versus city life
sexual discretion (or lack of it)
strained coincidences
romantic triangles
heroines in physical danger
aristocratic villains
misdirected letters
bigamous marriages
novel becomes popular for first time; mass produced for the first time
o bildungsroman: “coming of age”
o political novels
o detective novels: (Sherlock Holmes)
o serialized novels
poetry: easier to understand
o dramatic monologues
drama: comedies of manners
magazines: offer stories to the masses

Seven Groups of English Society
1. The Great, who live profusely
2. The Rich, who live very plentifully
3. The Middle Sort, who live well
4. The Working Trades, who labor hard, but feel no want.
5. The Country People, Farmers, etc. who fare indifferently.
6. The Poor, that fare hard.
7. The Miserable, that really pinch and suffer want
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