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Charles Dickens and the Era of Queen Victoria
Transcript of Charles Dickens and the Era of Queen Victoria
Charles Dickens and the Era of Queen Victoria
Dickens' is forced to leave school to work in a factory, Warren's Blacking Factory at Hungerford Market, in 1824 because his father went to prison for debt. This gives him a new sympathy for the poor and those who have to work harder jobs. Later, this sympathy shows in his writing.
The world's first public passenger railway opens in England in 1825.
Also, the Poor Law Amendment Act (PLAA) sets up workhouses, where the poor are sent to work off their debts. Most of the poor, however, do not like the new workhouses.
In 1834, Charles Dickens published his first novel, the Pickwick Papers. This is the beginning of his large influence on the Victorian Era.
On 20 June 1837, the reign of Queen Victoria begins and the Victorian Era starts. Her reign lasted 64 years.
He published A Christmas Carol in 1843 and was and still is his most influential works. This novel gave everyone who read it a new outlook on the poor in England. It showed those who read it, that the poor people are not less than them as a human being, and may even be morally better.
In 1840 Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Also in 1840 the Penny Black stamp was released. At this time letters were only way to communicate over long distances
Charles Dickens is born on February 7th in Portsmouth England, 1812. He is the second of 8 kids and ends up enrolling in classes at a school next door to his family's home.
During the 1860s bicycles were released on the road and were called the ‘boneshaker’. These were the first bikes to turn the front wheel. This made transportation much easier in England and is one of the first events that show that England is improving due to Dickens' stories.
In 1864 boys under age of 10 were not allowed to clean chimneys anymore, increasing the safety for those boys who have to work for their families.
In 1870, a law was passed saying that everyone was going to school; both the rich and the poor and everyone in between.
In 1858, Charles gives his first public readings of his works, showing that he encouraged every regardless of social status to read his books.
Charles Dickens dies June 9, 1870 at 58 years old of a stroke in Kent, England. His death, however, does not stop his influence over society, an influence which still takes place today.
In 1874, the 10 hour Factory Act law was released and people could work up to 10 hours in a day, increasing payments for the workers, but in possibly bad conditions for the workers' health.
Queen Victoria was crowned the Empress of India in 1876, showing new definite (For the time being) alliances and expansion.
The first ever Wimbledon Championships took place in London in 1877.
All children up to 12 years old have to go to school due to a new act in 1880, increasing the opportunity for children to get better jobs and overall have a better life.
Also, the ‘Safety Bicycle’ was released and it was easier to ride with same size wheels and chain, increasing the safety for those who rode bikes (mostly children).
Queen Victoria dies on January 22nd, 1901. This marks the end of her Era, known as the Victorian Era. Afterwords, the influence both her reign and Charles Dickens' literature had on England continues, and hasn't stopped to the present day.
In 1850, Charles Dickens published 'David Copperfield'. When he was working he remembered the conditions of the poor and poverty and describes his experiences in the novel to try to help them.
In 1838, 'Oliver Twist' was published by Richard Bentley but written by Dickens. Still his early life, Dickens describes his conditions being in poverty in the book.
Dickens publishes Nicholas Nickleby in 1839. The novel is directed at what Dickens firmly believes in social injustices that he witnessed in Yorkshire, but is taking place all over England.
In 1853, he published ‘Bleak House' to show the horrible events caused by courts and other laws. These events didn't affect the rich, but would greatly affect the poor.
When Dickens was 17, he became a law clerk which requires a lot of reading and writing, this prepared for his life career of writing novels.
After being a law clerk he became a journalist for the Morning Chronicle. While he was a journalist he kept publishing parts of his novels in the newspaper, and people were eager for each section to come out. This is the beginning of his career.
In 1854, he published ‘Hard Times’ to try to add to the lagging sales of his weekly journal. He wasn't going to give up on trying to help those less fortunate, or his career.
Later, in 1857, he published ‘Little Dorrit’, which was focused on the faults of society and the government and also the prisons where those who were in debt were placed in. He was attempting to show those who held power and influence so they could improve it.
This is the older version of A Christmas Carol.
Robert Raikes created ‘Sunday school’ for mostly the poor so they could have a chance to go to school. 1,250,000 kids had an education by 1831
“Charles Dickens” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Corporation, 11 May 2014. Web. 31 Oct. 2014.
“Charles Dickens Biography” Bio. A&E Television Networks. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
“Victorian Children & the Times” Victorian Children. N.p. 2014. Web. 1 Nov. 2014.
The first Christmas card was created in 1843 and wealthy families started the tradition of sending cards. The tradition continues today.