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cinco de mayo

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on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of cinco de mayo

Who celebrates it and why?
The Battle Between Mexico and France
Las armas nacionales se han cubierto de gloria
- Zaragoza
France and Mexico Do Not Negotiate
La Batalla de Puebla
What celebrations take place today?
In 1862, the French army, equipped with the finest and modern equipment began its advance. The Mexicans troops under the command of Texas -born General Ignacio Zaragosa was comprised of 5,000 ill-equipped Mestizo and Zapotec Indians. The cavalry was under the command of Colonel Porfirio Diaz, later to be Mexico's president and dictator. Although the Mexican troops were also outnumbered, they managed to defeat the French army with their determination and spirit. Puebla was officially renamed Puebla de Zaragoza to honor its defender, General Zaragoza
There are various Cinco de Mayo traditions that are celebrated around the world. In Mexico, most of the Cinco de Mayo celebrations that take place occur in the town of Puebla (where the battle took place). There are large parades that feature people dressed up as Mexican and French soldiers. Vendors sell traditional Mexican foods as well as patriotic clothing and accessories for people to wear during the celebration. There is also sometimes a reenactment of the Mexican’s victory over the French troops that takes place in Puebla for visitors and residents to attend.



$1.25
lunes el 5 de mayo, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
History
What is Cinco de Mayo?
After Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821, the country was faced with many problems. There were internal power struggles and Mexico went to war with the United States in 1846. This war and the years of fighting put Mexico in a very bad financial position. It was bankrupt. Mexico had to give away a huge portion of its land to the United States. That land is now known as Texas.
In 1861, Benito Juarez became the minister of Justice set new laws into effect. These laws caused civil unrest and a civil war broke out. This created a national debt. Juarez had to take action and on July 17, 1861, he issued a statement that all foreign debts payment would temporary be stopped for two years. The English, Spanish and French were not very happy about this and went to Mexico to try to receive their money that Mexico owed. The English and Spanish negotiated and left. The French did not agree and did not leave together with the English and Spanish. They had a different motive. Their intention was to create an Empire in Mexico under Napoleon III. The French army moved into Mexico in 1862.
cinco de mayo
In the United States and some parts of Canada, people often host Cinco de Mayo parties with their friends and family. The colors of the Mexican flag (red, white, and green) often appear in costumes and party decorations. People decorate for Cinco de Mayo with balloons, streamers, and flowers. Mariachi bands or other Mexican folk music is also played at these celebrations and there is often traditional Mexican dancing. Another common Cinco de Mayo tradition that takes place is a feast of traditional Mexican dishes such as tacos, enchiladas, and salsa and tortilla chips.
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