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12 Most Influential People of the Middle Ages
Ethan Hugheson 8 March 2011
Transcript of 12 Most Influential People of the Middle Ages
Died- December 13, 1446
Fact 1- Donatello was supposedly a homosexual.
Fact 2- Donatello was born named- Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi. The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts The facts Born- Between 22 of August and 31 of October 1451
Died- 20 of May 1506
Fact 1-Colombus, however the first colonizer
of the Americas, didn’t accept that he had
discovered a new continent.
Fact 2- Leif Ericson is said to have discovered
theAmericas before Colombus, but it has
not been proven. Ruler of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khanled the Mongols to conquer more than half of Asia and untied the rural tribes who lived there. It is estimated that during his reign he killed as many as 40 million people. He also had the Mongols adopt a formal writing system known as Uyghur script. But with all the deaths he caused, he neglected to rebuild the places he destroyed and so his empire was short-lived. Born- 1162
Fact 1- Genghis Khan was born with the name Temujin which translates into “ironworker”.
Fact 2- Was born with a blood clot in his hand that foretold his destiny to be a leader.
Probably the most famous Viking in history, Leif Ericson, traveled from Iceland to Newfoundland, Canada, in search of new land, before this he discovered Greenland, and he later went back to Greenland after becoming Christian to help spread Christianity. Born- 970
Fact 1- Had the nickname Leif the Lucky. On his return journey from Greenland, Leif came upon a wrecked trading vessel whose crew he rescued; for this deed he received the entire rich cargo and the nickname Leif the Lucky.
Fact 2- Many scholars believe that Leif Ericsson landed on some part of the North American coast, but there has been no agreement on the modern identity of Vinland. Various sites have been nominated, from Newfoundland to Virginia, with Nova Scotia and New England as favorites. The fact is no one really knows where he landed.
Polymath, expert in many subjects, of the Renaissance, Leonardo Da Vinci was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer. He is most famous for his paintings, most of all the Mona Lisa, probably the most famous painting in the world. He is also known for other paintings like The Last Supper and The Vitruvian Man. Born- April 15, 1452
Died- May 2, 1519
Fact 1- Leonardo Da Vinci invented scissors.
Fact 2- Leo could write with one hand while simultaneously drawing with the other.
The founder of Islam and prophet to the Muslims, Muhammad is an extremely well known figure, it is said that at the age of 40 Muhammad received his first revelation from god, while meditating in a cave in Mecca’s surrounding mountains. After he told the people of Mecca about his revelation he was thrown out of Mecca, later on he grew many followers in Medina, and eventually conquered Mecca. Born- 570
Died- June 8, 632
Fact 1- Muhammad is the most common name in the world.
Fact 2- The Prophet Mohammed’s mother’s name was Amina.
Ivan the Terrible was the first ever Tsar of Russia. Under his rule Russia conquered many countries and became the powerful empire it is today. Born- August 25, 1530
Died- March 28, 1584
Fact 1- In 1581, Ivan beat his pregnant daughter-in-law for wearing immodest clothing, which may have caused a miscarriage. His son, also named Ivan, upon learning of this, engaged in a heated argument with his father, which resulted in Ivan striking his son in the head with his pointed staff, causing his son's (accidental) death.
Fact 2- Ivan was only three years old when he succeeded his father, Basil III, as grand prince of Moscow in 1533.
William the Conqueror was the first Norman King of England; he conquered England at the Battle of Hastings and silenced the following revolts. This battle marks the last time England was conquered by a foreign power. Born- 1027
Died- September 9, 1087
Fact 1- Never learned to speak English fluently.
Fact 2- Died from a riding accident when he fell from his horse.
First ever president of the United States, he lead the American Revolutionary War, signed the Declaration of Independence, and as father of the country, George Washington lead the way for the major governmental structure of the United States. Born- February 22, 1732
Died- December 14, 1799
Fact 1- First man to send airmail between Philadelphia and New Jersey.
Fact 2- He did not chop down a cherry tree and tell his parents “I cannot tell a lie”.
As the first truly recognized discoverer of electricity, Benjamin Franklin was a very well known author, politician, scientist, inventor, and diplomat among other things. He was also one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Among his inventions, there was the lightning rod and the bifocals. Born- January 17, 1706
Died- April 17, 1790
Fact 1-Invented The glass harmonica, also known as the glass armonica, a type of musical instrument that uses a series of glass bowls or goblets graduated in size to produce musical tones by means of friction. Think of rubbing a wet finger around the rim of a wine goblet to produce tones.
Fact 2- Worked with whaler and ship captains to chart the Gulf Stream, though many thought he discovered it too.
Queen Elizabeth I was born a princess, but grew up to become queen of England and Ireland from November 17, 1558 until her death. During the time she ruled, English Drama flourished with playwrights like William Shakespeare. She was considered a kind ruler, but although she was praised early on, it has been found that overall her strategy was not all that it was cracked up to be. Born- September 7, 1533
Died- March 24, 1603
Fact 1- Was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
Fact 2- The daughter of Henry VIII, she was born a princess, but her mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed two and a half years after her birth, and Elizabeth was at first declared illegitimate. Born a peasant girl, Joan of Arc told that she had visions from god to recover her homeland of England; she eventually gained military ranks and led the French army to many victories in the Hundred Years’ War. She is praised as a patron saint of France. Born- 1412
Died- May 30, 1431
Fact 1- Charles VII officially gave Joan of Arc command of the armies of France when she was only 17, the youngest person in history to command the armies of a nation.
Fact 2- Her real name was Jehanne d'Arc. Joan of Arc is an English bastardization of her name that was never used while she was alive.