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Battles of Bullecourt

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Courtney Dooley

on 20 October 2013

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Transcript of Battles of Bullecourt

Battles of Bullecourt
Background Information
The Battle of Bullecourt
Aims
The Battle of Bullecourt
Technology
A new technology of WWI for the Battle of Bullecourt in 1917 were the Mark I tanks. The Mark I tanks were designed to carry 8 men and the aim for the tanks was to combine 'firepower, protection and mobility.' The engines were designed to ne smooth-running and quiet, although these features left it weak. When taken into battle, the Mark I tanks were basically destroyed. The armour was thin, so when machine gun bullets hit the tanks, it broke through the armour, the tanks also could only travel at a speed of 3km/h when they were designed to go 5.9 km/h. Although there were many weaknesses of the Mark I tank, a strength was that larger guns could be used and an ongoing supple of bullets were placed around the interior of the tanks. More advanced models of this tanks were produced in later years.
WW1 Digital Excursion
Video
Major Percy Charles BLACK
Outcomes
Legacy
Resources
Bullecourt was an Australian attack, part of a larger British attack, known as the Battle of Arras.
Just before Bullecourt the Canadian Corps captured Vimy Ridge (April 9th-12th 1917). The Battle of Arras* was designed to support a major French assault on the main position along the 'Chemin des Dames'. The Battle of Bullecourt was held to take place at 4:30 am on the 10th of April 1917, this attack was planned to be lead by British tanks.


The Second Battle of Bullecourt
The second battle of Bullecourt took place on the 3rd-17th of May 1917. It was a final attack of the Arras offense. The Australian troops as well as British troops were sent in to give it another shot, the different troops had to all work together to complete aspects of the mission.
-To attack the Hindenburg Line, it was to be lead by 12 Australian tanks that would break through the Germans barbed wire defense.
The Second Battle of Bullecourt
For the Australian troops to be sent east of Bullecourt village to pierce the Hindenburg Line and capture Hendencourt-lés-Cagnicourt (a French village). Also for British troops to be sent to attack Bullecourt.
The Battle of Bullecourt
The attack was scheduled for the morning of April 10th (1917),
but due to bad weather this was delayed 24-hours. But this message wasn't received by everyone and two battalions of the 'West Yorkshire Regiment' advanced and suffered significant losses. On April 11th (1917),the attack began but only some tanks were able to advance due to mechanical problems. The Australians were able to break through German lines but due to the problems with tanks, they were unsupported and vulnerable so they out a haunt to their attack.

The battle objectives were not achieved and Australians suffered a major loss of 3,300 casualties and 1,170 of their troops were captured and taken prisoner,
Due to major losses and horrible outcome the Australian troops were angry at such a waste of men. Despite this outcome the British ordered another attack (The second Battle of Bullecourt) less then a month later, so obviously the loss of the battle didn't crush their spirits.


Outcomes
The Second Battle of Bullecourt
3rd of May (1917) the Australian troops advanced at 3:45am, but this didn't get them very far as
they were stopped by enemy fire and barbed wire defenses. Captain Maxfield's troops were successfully led and were able to seize a railway embankment near Reincourt Village.

British troops were unsuccessful in their first attempt to take Bullecourt, although they managed to seize some of the Hindenburg line.

Although the position of the Australians looked hopeless they didn't give in, and held their ground. Their Captain, Captain Maxwell was killed by 11:30am and the small remaining last of his men fell back. Australian troops were able to gain supplies and reinforcements via an old sunken road which protected them. The troops were also unsuccessful in capturing the village, Hendencourt-lés-Cagnicourt.

On the 7th of May the British had finally succeeded in capturing Bullecourt. On the 20th of May the battle eventually stopped. Some call it a 'small, tactically useless piece of ground', which we lost 7000 AIF lives for. This battle didn't advance the Australians or British troops very far and very few objectives were completed. It caused many soldiers to lose hope in the war and start having negative thoughts, but it also made soldiers want to fight harder so this wouldn't happen ever again.


A total of 10 million people died in WW1. Many men who came
back triggered to join the work-force due to injuries. The war didn't just have physical affects on people but also mental. People suffered from psychological problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
While men were fighting, women had to sometimes replace them in their jobs. I think has affected today's society because it would have been one of the first time so many women had started working and been seen as an important part of society.
The economic losses were major, and countries had to pay for all of the damage.
Many relationships were formed and greater bonds formed between countries, such as Australia and Britain.

Australians on the Western Front. 2013. Available at<http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/battlefields/bullecourt-11-april-1917.html> (Accessed 12/10)

Australians on the Western Front. 2013. Available at <http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/battlefields/bullecourt-may-1917.html> (Accessed on 12/10)

Battle of Arras. 2013. Available at < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Arras_(1917)#Second_Battle_of_Bullecourt_.283.E2.80.9317_May_1917.29> (Accessed on 10/10

First Battle of Bullecourt. 2012. Available at < http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_110.asp> (Accessed on 10/10)

The two battles of Bullecourt. 2012. Available at < http://catnaps.org/bulle/battles.html> (Accessed on 10/10)

Weston Front. 2013. Available at < http://www.dva.gov.au/commems_oawg/commemorations/commemorative_events/major_anniversaries/western_front90/Pages/second%20bullecourt.aspx> (Accessed on 10/10)

Western Front:Battles. 2012. Available at < http://hsc.csu.edu.au/modern_history/core_study/ww1/bullecourt_hamel/page16.htm> (Accessed on 12/10)

*The Battle of Arras was an offensive British attack during the First World War, from 9 April to 16 May 1917. The British, Canadian, New Zealand, and Australian troops were all involved.
This video outlines the events that happened in the first Battle of Bullecourt, it also covers a bit of background story of some of the soldiers and captains that were in the battle.
Location
These battles were fought in a small French village called Bullecourt, in the region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. This region is in the north of France, and shares its north border with the United Kingdom and its west border with Belgium. Bullecourt lays at the southern end of the western front, It was also a part of the Hindenburg line, stretching from Arras to Laffaux.
Bullecourt
Hindenburg Line
Reincourt
What is the impact of WW1 on today's society???
This battle didn't have much of a 'long term' affect on society but some of the things that happened affected the land where the battle was fought, whole cities such as Bullecourt were practically ripped apart due to battle. Although the battle affected citizens who lived in these villages it also affected the men who were fighting. Many were mentally scared as well as physically.
What has the long term impact of this battle been in society???
By Hannah Dawes and
Courtney Dooley

16th Battallion (infantry) Service number- 170

Major Percy Charles Black was a 34 year old man from victoria who enlisted into the machine-gun section of the 16th battalion. Within the first few days of training, Black had already mastered many of the skills needed by those in this section of the Battalion. He learn to strip a gun in 12.5seconds, when the average was 45. His instructor claimed that he was the best gunner he had ever seen.
The war had a major impact on Blacks life, he was always as a persistant man filled with courage, but these traits helped him through war. The war left him physically strong and sharp, using his determination and quick thinking to help him succeed in what he was doing.
In the Battle of Bullecourt, Black led the attack on the germans alond the Hindenburg line. The ai was for the tanks to crash through the wire and into the Germans territory. The attack was successful and they became the first allied soldiers to break through the Hindenburg line.
Although this was not a complete success as when the soldiers went to find Black to share the success, they found him tangled in the barbed wire, dead.
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