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Transcript of Learning Styles
Auditory Learning is a preferred style of learning in which you learn by listening and speaking. Auditory is one of the most common learning styles. Auditory learners retain information when it is verbally explained to them and benefit from listening to lectures, rather than reading form.
Margaret H'Doubler first wrote about Kinesthetic learning in the 1940's.
Today Kinesthetic Learning is a defined learning style where the students learn by touching,doing or manipulating rather than listening to a lecturer/teacher or watching a demonstration (Fliess 2009).
If you watch an old TV show, for example, Little House on the Prairie, you will see classroom scenes where a teacher is standing in front of the learners feeding them knowledge, a true 'transmissionist' style of learning (Copian Library 2015). The studies on learning styles dates back to as early as 1904 and has created several different learning style models. Today there are several classroom learning styles that incorporate active, auditory, reading/writing, kinesthetic or tactile, collaborating and cooperative and visual learning styles. These studies are continuing further today and are now moving from learning styles to 'critical self-reflection' (Marshik, 2015).
Definition of Auditory Learning
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I learn by touch
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is very similar to tactile learning. In Kinesthetic Learning the learners learn by:
require frequent breaks
as they cannot sit at desks for a long time.
tend not to read
to increase their knowledge but rely on being part of demonstrations as a learning tool and not reading tends to lower their grades. In saying that, there are some subjects, such as English (parts thereof) and branches of Mathematics, where it is difficult to teach using touch (Teachnology Inc. 2015).
Collaborative & Cooperative Learning
Collaborative learning is interactive learning within a team environment. By working together, collaborating ideas and sharing knowledge the team collectively learns together.
Cooperative learning is also interactive learning in a team environment but with a structured task or activity. Each team member is responsible for their own contribution. The outcome of the group task is achieved through collaboration where all members individually contribute to complete the task at hand
is that schools and institutes cannot afford expensive hand-on field trips, for example to airports for pilot training or aircraft mechanics.
is that these learners learn quickly by figuring things out best by hand. For example, discovering how an engine works by putting it together or building robots.
Some of the
of Kinesthetic Learning is that the learners are encouraged to:
take part in activities, such as:
as they learn quickly by doing so (Fleming 2001).
As Hutton (2013) explains "they learn best when they move around and engage their muscle groups." These learners also excel in sport as they have great coordination skills and love to be active.
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Photo highlighting differences in characteristics.
There can be great advantages by learning through collaboration and cooperation. For example the diversity of people involved in the group can result in different perspectives and variety of feedback. Another advantage may also be that each member takes more responsibility for their work due the reliance of each other to achieve set goal.
Active learning happens when a student is engaged and involved with their learning process. During activities such as reading, writing, discussions and problem solving they can link new information with existing information. They can then analyse and evaluate the concepts learnt (The Regents of the University of Michigan 2014).
Visual learning has traditionally been considered the most dominant of the learning styles and most classroom setups still reflect this (Baker 2010).
Visual learners, as the name suggests, learn from visual stimuli. To understand clearly what is being taught, Baker (2010) explains they need to "see, visualize and illustrate their knowledge skills and concepts".
Visual learner advantages include; being comfortable in the 'big picture', ability to visualize and manipulate images, can represent ideas graphically (Churchill et al 2013), good sense of direction, understanding of charts and maps (Kodesia 2013).
The disadvantages that visual learners contend with are: information taught orally only will likely be misheard, will disconnect from learning process if visual stimuli is sparse (Kodesia 2014), can appear to be not paying attention whilst 'doodling' to visualize a spoken idea, may seem to be daydreaming when processing aural data into visual representations.
The following characteristics are common in visual learners: prefer to learn through visualization of subject matter, remember visual details (either as presented or will self-convert), need to have paper and pens handy for
doodling while listening, like to write down instructions or see them demonstrated (Baker 2010).
Churchill et al, (2013) further adds visual learners are " skilful at representing ideas graphically
able to visualize and manipulate images".
The characteristics and techniques an active classroom would utilize are,
- looking at situations from different points of view.
Think, pair, share
- thinking about a concept or topic then sharing it with another student
- where students learn and add to their knowledge through group discussions
- students give positive feedback to classmates about their work
- students use a variety of ways to look at and solve different problem scenarios
Game based learning
- learning through games and play (National Science Digital Library n.d.).
The advantages of this sort of learning are far reaching. It helps them access their prior knowledge to find meaningful problem solutions. Builds their self-confidence as their concepts of knowledge change and grow. They learn strategies for learning, and use the input from others to enhance their learning experiences.(The University of Texas in Austin 2015). These skills will help them as they head out into the workforce and into life itself.
The disadvantages are few,
Teachers may find it difficult to organize the learning experiences and they need to be proficient in the areas to be taught.
Requires more time and energy on the part of the teacher
Students may be resistant to this type of learning
Students may be stressed about working in groups and about new ways of learning (Resource Center for English teaching and learning 2015).
Depicting:- learning by touching.
Learning by doing.
Learning by Touching.
There are some disadvantages that may arise when learning through collaboration and coordination. One example may be the varying amount of workload that each individual contributes to the project which may ultimately result in some members learning more than others (Bartsch 2015).
Another disadvantage that can occur from team projects is keeping the momentum going and the group engaged.
From classroom learning within an online platform our team has united as one. Together, we have learned through collaboration and cooperation which has enabled us to grow and progress as a group.
We have all learned and shared our knowledge using various learning styles including auditory, kinesthetic, visual and active concept learning while learning their characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Finally, the experience of online group learning has proven to be positive and effective, with greater outcomes achievable for all.
Characteristics / Strategies
Characteristics of an auditory learner are, they find reading material confusing because they have a hard time understanding the text. Background noise such as TV helps focus and concentrate on work. Listening to soft music assist the learner by relaxing learner and develop a good atmosphere while studying. The strategies that can help create and enhance auditory learners success would be to, listen to audio books, listen in on lectures, read information aloud to interrupt the words.
Auditory learners can obtain information without having to read text or see pictures to understand concept. Auditory learners have the ability to multitask and learn in enjoyable ways. Information is always accessible through lectures, TV shows and documentaries. Auditory learners are able to record lectures and listen while doing other tasks such as washing up.
Auditory learners have the difficulty of silent learning, for example, in a library or in silent activities. Auditory learners are generally slow readers and do not retain any information by doing so. Auditory learners would have to attend school or university instead of online learning as an option.
Kinesthetics & Hands (cropped) (2011).
Red Cross (n.d.).
I Learn by Touch (n.d.).
Basketball & Puppy (2009).
Green Tick (n.d.).
Student participants in the First Robotic Competition, Washington D.C. (n.d.).
Fetter,B 2012, Understanding Kinesthetic Learners
(music can be muted)
Group One THANKS YOU for watching.