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The Taiga and Human Impact
Transcript of The Taiga and Human Impact
The Taiga is the largest continuous biome in the world. It has an overall cold climate, with cold winters and cool summers. The landscape is comprised of mostly coniferous forests.The animals that live in the Taiga either hibernate, fly south for the winter, or brave the bitter cold.
In the Taiga, the Winter is a long, cold period, while the Summer is a shorter, cool season, the shortest season being fall. The Taiga receives precipitation all year long in both rain and snow.
Some Taiga soil has permafrost, meaning that the top layer of soil is frozen solid. In other places, the top layer of soil covers bedrock. Often in forests, the soil is covered in a layer of soft moss. When the permafrost melts somewhat in Summer, the trees slump in odd shapes, causing a "drunken forest," or muskeg.
Life in the Taiga
There are lots of organisms that make their homes in the Taiga. The forests are full of coniferous trees, like the long leaf pine and balsam fir, as well as various lichens and mosses.
An abundance of animals live in the Taiga as well. There are bobcats, lynx, long-eared owls, wolves, river otters, and even wolverines! A good number of these animals hibernate, but others fly south if they can, and a few just tough out the winter.
Human Environmental Issues
Natural Environmental Issues
As far as natural environmental issues go, there are many wildfires caused by lightning that burn away the vast coniferous forests of the Taiga. In the Winter, snow weighs down the trees, causing them to fall over. Parasites also infect and kill some plants and animals.
There are a great deal of problems for the Taiga biome caused by humans. The use of herbicides and pesticides hurts the wildlife, and animals are hunted for their fur. The trees are also chopped down for various uses, which has led to deforestation. The air has been polluted by smoke from mining and burning wood, and the water system has been made unusable by hydroelectric power. The introduction of invasive species also hurts this biome.
Fairbanks, Alaska, Climatogram
Here is a climatogram of Fairbanks, Alaska, to give a general idea of what the climate of the Taiga is like.
Here are just a few of the many creatures making their homes in the Taiga.
The Taiga and Human Impact
by Jane Linville
The Taiga's environmental issues with humans can be fixed. Recycling paper and wood products can help cut back on deforestation. Using herbicides and pesticides more conservatively (or not at all) can help keep animals safe from such poisons. Setting up wildlife reserves has helped to protect animals from hunters and poachers.
Fairbanks, Alaska: Problems
While Fairbanks, Alaska, is part of the Taiga, it has issues of its own. For example, the air in and around the city is polluted with smoke. This is because of the fires people have to heat their homes.
Fairbanks, Alaska: Solutions
To stop the pollution caused by burning wood, the people in Fairbanks should heat their homes with an electric heater. This heating method would cause a lot less air pollution the burning wood.
This is the end of the presentation. Remember: the Taiga is a beautiful place, and we should all do our best to keep it clean and safe for the creatures that live there.
Credits and Sources
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