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Negro Baseball League
Transcript of Negro Baseball League
- "Everybody knows Sambo, the coloured joker who rides around town at break neck pace with both hands off the bar.." (The Toronto Star, 1896.) Satchel Paige "Otherness" References Hogan, L., (2011). The Negro Leagues Discovered an Oasis at Yankee Stadium. The New York Times. "During World War II, I served as a petty officer in the Pacific. After the War I was a tech sergeant ...I took my wife and two young daughters to an amusement park only to be told at the gate that Negroes were not allowed." Dave Mahan, June 10, 1966
New York Times ProQuest. Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) pg. E9 Mahan, D. (1966, Jun 26). New York Times (1923-Current file); ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) Alexander, M. (2010).The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York, N.Y.: The New Press The Jim Crow Era "Come listen all you galls and boys,
I'm going to sing a little song,
My name is Jim Crow.
Weel about and turn about and do jis so,
Eb'ry time I weel about I jump Jim Crow." -"Jim Crow" originated as a racial slur for Blacks, but evolved into reference of the laws that oppressed Black individuals (Toll, R. C., 1974).
-Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice, sang the above song with a painted black face and stereotypical dance and gestures. Toll, R. C. (1974). Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth- Century America. Oxford University Press -Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images The Rex Theatre in Leland, Miss., in 1939 Players in teams from the Negro baseball league depended upon barnstorming for financial support.
-They would play any team that was willing to play them
-Faced extreme discrimination and segregation as they travelled throughout the states. (Rogosin, D., 1983) Kansas City Monarchs -- 1945: Negro Leagues Baseball Museum "As we began to see doors opening for Blacks in other areas, other athletes, and as the civil rights movement gained momentum, I think we began to see ourselves in that context, that we were making a contribution." -Rachel Robinson (Jackie Robinson's wife) (Berkow, I., 1982.) Jackie Robinson Game changer in pushing boundaries
society tried to enforce (racial boundaries)
- He was the first Black athlete to play in the major league in 1947 on the Brooklyn Dodgers. By 1959, every team had atleast one Black player, and so came the demise of the Negro National League.( Lanctot, N.,
2004) 1885- New York Cuban Giants become first professional African American baseball team. (Riley, J.A.,1994) Setting Records, Breaking Boundaries Berkow, I. (Aug 4, 1982). Jackie Robinson's Part in
History. ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) Lanctot, N. (2004) Negro League Baseball. Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press Pittsburgh's Crawford Colored Giants: Negro Leagues Baseball Museum
the most famous team from the Negro National League (Rogosin, D., 1983). The First Negro baseball League ->
Negro National League Established by Remembrance Andrew "Rube" Foster
in 1920 Some teams that made up that League include.. Rogosin, D. (1983) Invisible Men: Life in
Baseball's Negro Leagues. New York: Antheneum 1971-Satchel Paige was the first player from the NNL to be elected intto the National Baseball
Hall of Fame (Riley, J.A.,1994). 1947- Jackie Robinson recruited as the first black player in the minor leagues (on the Dodgers) (Riley, J.A., 1994). Riley, J.A. (1994)The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc. Media Influence/Protrayal There are many foundations/groups that work to uphold the story of Negro Baseball. Paying tribute to their contributions. The Center for Negro League Baseball Research (CNLBR) is a 501 (c) 3 nonprofit foundation that is dedicated to the research and preservation of the history of black baseball in America.- started in 1990 Negro Leagues Baseball Museum
-privately funded, not for profit
-started in 1990 Cuban Stars
Retrieved from: http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/cuba-sports.htm "showing class"
"made the latter look like bush leaguers"
The San Francisco Call - March 28, 1913 "greatest baseball machine I ever saw"
"lean against the ball and hit it like devils" "both of these teams are top-notchers (Negro League teams) The Freeman - November 19, 1910 The San Francisco Call - March 20, 1913 These "Black" Newspapers aimed to support the Negro League players, and create a larger fan base. Gus Greenlee: sponsored the Crawford Colored Giants (Rogosin, D., 1983)
-Worked to rebuild/strengthen the Negro National League (Lanctot, N. 2004) New League Owner in 1934: