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Human Anatomy and Physiology


lily mendoza

on 8 December 2016

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Transcript of Human Anatomy and Physiology

Circulatory system Head Region Skeletal System 1. Pancreas (secretes digestive) Endocrine System The Inteumentary system is the bodily system consisting of the skin and is associated structures, such as the hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands. Central Nervous System Major Parts of the nervous systems and Peripheral system William Harvey, an English physician, developed the first complete theory of the circulatory of blood. Believing that by every contraction of the heart, blood will be pumped throughout the body. In his theory he explained how the heart pumped the blood in a circular course through the body. -Arteries vessels
(transport blood away from the heart)
-Veins vessels
(transport blood to the heart)
(small vessels that transport blood from the arteries to the veins) Peripheral Nervous system 1. Neurons carry the electrial
2. Brain is the body's main
information center.
3. Spinal Cord is attached to the
brain system where
of the nerves go. 1. Somatic system controls
muscles and external
sensory receptions like
2. Autonomic system controls
internal organs. is the level of glucose, or sugar, in the blood. Insulin Glands Hormones 2. Adrenal (the balance of salt
and water in the body) Adrenaline is a stress hormone. 3. Ovary (to release the eggs
and produce hormones) Estrogen is needed to make a
fertilized egg. 4. Thyriod (Located in the
lower front part of the neck) Thyroxine regulates the body's metabolism. 1.The Skull is located on top of the body. It's function and it's purpose is to protect the brain, and protect it from bumps and knocks. 2. The Maxillia is located above the mandibula and below the orbits. It's funtion is to provide protection of the face. It's purpose is to supports the orbit, holds the top half teeth in place, and floor of the nose. 3. The Mandible is the lower jaw. It's function is to supports the lower part of the face and holds the bottom half of the teeth in place. It's purpose is to let the mouth move. Arms 1. Humerus is located in the upper arm extending from shoulder to elbo. The function is to support the arm and the purpose is to give it movement. 2. The Radius is the bone of the fore arm or lower arm. It's function is so it can let the arm move, and it's purpose is to support the arm. 3. The Ulna runs parallel to the radius from elbo to wrist. It allows motion and supports the arm. The pathway of blood through the heart -Superior vena cava
-Inferior vena cava
-Right atrium
-Valve -Right ventricle
-Pulmonary artery
-Lung capillaries
-Pulmonary vein
-Left ventricle
-Aorta Skeletal System Mid Section 1. The Vertebrae is located in the back bones, it makes up the spine. It's function is to make up the spine and it's purpose is so that the body can bend down, turn, and be balanced. 2. The Pelvis is located on the base of the spine. It provides structural supports as a base for the spine. It's purpose is to support the spine. Fish have a primitive circulatory system *Blood is pumped
-to the gills
-directly onto the body tissues
*The resulting blood flow is sluggish.
*2 chambers
-Atria (where blood enters the hearts)
-Ventricles (pump the blood out of the hearts) Blood Type Blood Type:
AB, Can Donate To:
O A,B, AB, O
A A or AB (O)*
B B or AB
AB AB Inteumentary System 3. The Sacrum is located in the lower part of your spine. It's function is to connect the upper body to the bottom. It's Purpose is where the organs can "sit" on. Legs 1. The Tibia is the inside shinbone. It's function is to support the leg, and its purpose is to provide movement. 2. The fibula is the outer shinbone, or calf, helps support the ankle. 3. The femur is the long bone in your leg. The Function of this bone is that it bares the largest persentage of body weight.
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