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Alexander and the Hellenistic Age
Transcript of Alexander and the Hellenistic Age
Chapter 4, Section 5
In this chapter we will discuss how Greece fell, and how one man, Alexander the great, builds a great empire.
Macedonia was a small kingdom in the mountainous Greek peninsula that was settled by Greeks. It was considered the Greek frontier, but the Greeks closer to the southern part of Greece, considered the Macedonians uncivilized and backward.
Philip II of Macedon
King: 356 BC
Dreamed of conquering the lower lying Greek polis.
More land = More Money
= More power
How does he do it?
Naturally, there were others that he conquered
Athens and Thebes vs. Philip II of Macedon
With the defeat of Athens and Thebes, Philip II had brought all of Greece under his control.
But Philip II had a bigger dream... to conquer all of Persia...
RIP PHILIP II
382 BC - 336 BC
what a way to die.
takes the throne
Only 20 years old
Shared his father's
ambitions to rule
How does he create his giant Empire?
First, he conquers Persia. Persia was a large empire stretching from 2,000 miles from Egypt to India. The emperor of Persia was weak, and the
were prone to rebellion. After defeating Persia, Alexander continued through Asia Minor into Palestine and South into Egypt and then East to take Babylon.
Alexander moves his army into India where they use Elephants in battle.
Alexander wanted to push further East into China, but Alexander's soldiers, battle fatigued, refused. Reluctantly, they turned back for Macedon, but took Babylon on the way (for fun).
356 BC – 323 BC
aged 32 years
The flu got 'em in
"I leave my empire to the strongest"
Except, no one was "the strongest"
Alexander is known as "The Great" because
everyone after him was so awful.
Eventually the empire was divided up among the military generals.
Greece and Macedonia to one general
Egypt to another
Persia to a third
The legacy of Alexander
Why else might Alexander be called "The Great"?
Cultures Combine: Alexander finds new cities, most will be named after him. Greek soldiers, settlers, traders and artisans set up shop there and build Greek temples, speak Greek and held athletic contests as they did in Greece. Local people begin to
into Greek ideas. In turn, the Greeks assimilated parts of the local customs into their society.
Contained the world's greatest Library
Alexander's successor, Ptolemy I, founded the library, it held 900 thousand scrolls, in addition to Aristotle's personal library. By law, all ships stopping in Alexandria had to provide their books for copying, and texts of dramas held in Athens were borrowed and copied. Essentially all of the world's knowledge
(on the Med. coast of Egypt)
whose goal was to collect knowledge
So what happened?
Written History - 47 BC
"Thanks for the crippling
(Known as the Hellenistic Age)
, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bc and 30 bc when Rome really comes on the scene,
Knowledge is Power!
Math and Science flourish during the Hellenistic Age - and reach new areas. Medicine reached a new level when scientists realized that diseases were naturally caused, though by what they weren't sure, and were not the will of the gods. Patients were observed to determine the cause and to find cures. There were even advances in astronomy, the earth being considered the center of the solar system. We will learn more about this later.
Role of Women
Women gain more rights to education in the Hellenistic age some even become philosophers and poets. Royal women held high power, working alongside their husbands.
Father of medicine!
Studied the causes of diseases and treatments.
attributed to him set ethical standards for doctors - it is still used today (just modernized)
"I will use my power to help the sick to the best of my ability and judgement; I will abstain from harming or wronging any man...."
In what fields did Hellenistic civilization make advancements?
Arts and Drama
Greek Drama develops further with more sophisticated plays, scenes and music.
are built with
That's Greece. Next we move to Rome, but first....
A CROSSWORD PUZZLE!
(You know what that means...)
and of course, Sport!