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Transcript of European Culture
Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting the Black and Aegean Seas.
Europe, in particular Ancient Greece, is the birthplace of Western culture. Both World Wars were largely focused upon Europe. The borders of these countries have been redrawn for thousands of years.
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent covering about 3,930,000 square miles. Of Europe's approximately 50 countries, Russia is by far the largest, taking up 40% of the continent, while Vatican City is the smallest. Europe is the third-most populous continent with a population of 733 million. Because of the many different cultures in Europe, there are many different languages and heritages here.
The countries of Europe are; Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City
Greece's population is around 11 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city. Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world at 8,498 miles in length, featuring a vast number of islands (approximately 1,400 of which 227 are inhabited), including Crete. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest, at 9,570 feet.
Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of Ancient Greece, considered the cradle of Western civilization. As such it is the birthplace of democracy and the Olympic games.
olives, feta cheese,
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own ritual practices. It was a part of the religion in ancient Greece. Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world, and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. Many artistic sculptures, literature, architecture, and paintings came from this era.
One of the most famous myths is about the son of Zeus, Hercules
Italy is a boot shaped country in Southern Europe. The territory of Italy covers some 116,347 square miles. The population of Italy is 60 million people, with Rome as the capital city. Rome has been the capital of Italy since the Roman Empire and a birth place for the Renaissance. Many pieces of art were created in Italy. Within Italy, is the Vatican City where the Catholic Church is based out of and where the Pope lives. Italy has many different landscapes, with the rolling hills and fields in Tuscany and the mountainous range of the Alps.
An elliptical amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone, it was the largest amphitheater of the Roman Empire, and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It is the largest amphitheater in the world. The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, and was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.
France is the largest country in Western Europe and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. France has been a major power with strong cultural, economic, military, and political influence in Europe and around the world. The population of France is 65 million people with the Capital being Paris. They speak French here, which is considered one of the languages of love. Great pieces of art, architecture, music, fashion, and literature have been created and preserved in France.
France has become one of the most popular places for tourist to vacation with about 80 million people visiting it each year. Paris has many different attractions for people to visit.
Notre-Dame de Reims
Palace of Versailles
A food product made of the liver of a duck or goose that has been specially fattened.
United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. The population is 63 million people and the capital is London. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is one of the U.S. closest allies. Great authors such as Shakespeare and Charles Dickens are from here. The Beatles are one of the best known musical groups
from Great Britain.
The UK's form of government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. The royal family is a symbol of Great Britain. In recent years, their role in politics has become less as Parliament has taken over. The current Monarch is Queen Elizabeth II.
Big Ben Clock Tower
London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. With an estimated 8,308,369 residents, London is the most populous region in the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. London is a world cultural
capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has
the world's largest city airport system
measured by passenger traffic. London's 43 universities form the largest concentration
of higher education in Europe.
Mondern Day Monarchy
Tea and Scones
Roast Beef and Potatoes
Fish and Chips
In the UK, Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England. Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks. Archaeologists believe
it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. The site is a place of religious significance and pilgrimage, however no one knows the exact purpose of Stonehenge.