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Socials 9: Research Project
Transcript of Socials 9: Research Project
Liptak, Karen. Indians of the Pacific Northwest. New York: Facts on File, 1991. Print.
Walens, Stanley. "North American Indians: Indians of the Northwest Coast [First Edition]." Encyclopedia of Religion. Ed. Lindsay Jones. 2nd ed. Vol. 10. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 6705-6710. World History In Context. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source>.
Fleisher, Mark. "Nootka Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Nootka." Encyclopedia.com | Free Online Encyclopedia. HighBeamâ„¢ Research, Inc., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Nootka.aspx>.
"Northwest Coast Indian." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9117305>.
Findlay, Heather, Anna Sajecki, and Melissa Bremer. "The Northwest Coastal People - Groups in this Region." First Peoples of Canada Before Contact Menu. Goldi Productions Ltd., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc1.html>. BIBLIOGRAPHY Customs Traditions Religion Ceremonies Legends And Storytelling Spirituality Art Music Dance The Nootka Tribe Trade Commerce Economy Government Social Organization Best known for their wooden carvings.
Carved: totem poles, utensils, bowls, fishhooks, canoe paddles, ceremonial masks, cedar boxes, and tobacco pipes.
Totem poles had one or more animals carved in it.
Supported the house and were engraved with pictures of stories.
Only wealthy and respected men were allowed to own a totem pole.
Used red cedar for it was easy to carve with adzes in.
Lacked in pottery.
Also known for basketry: by twining split spruce roots and decorating them with bleached or dyed grasses.
Blankets were art and used for wealth. Fish was the main source of food.
Mostly ate: salmon, halibut, herring, flounder, sardines, sturgeon., shellfish, mussels, limpets, oysters, clams, seals, sea lions, sea otters.
Hunted for land animals: bears, mountain goats, deer, elk.
Dogs were used to hunt bears.
Used wild plants for medicine and for making products.
Wild berries: strawberries, blackberries, huckleberries, raspberries.
Dried the berries in mats in the sun, to preserve the oil for it to be eaten. The Nootka Tribe inhabited the Northwest Coast of Canada, as well as western Vancouver Island Clothing made of cedar bark, sea otter and mountain goat skins.
Women wore skirts from shredded cedar bark/grass.
Basket-like hats worn as protection from rain since the area was very rainy for a good amount of the seasons.
During ceremonies, men wrapped rectangular robes around bodies; including knee-high leggings, tunics, and aprons.
Men actually were naked most of the time during warmer weather, they usually only wore clothes when it was raining during the warmer seasons. Housings House made up of cedar planks.
Homes had four corner posts, two end posts, and addition side posts.
Nootka had large, gable roofs around a rectangular pit.
Nootka moved often.
Carved faces onto the house.
Families owned a fire and family crests, which were painted.
30 people living in 1,000.
Longhouses were passed down generations.
If the owner of the longhouse died, the family burnt or gave the house away for they believed that if the spirit would worry too much about the family if they continued living there. Erika~ Cassie~ This prezi was brought to you by... cassie likes it in the butt the end
go home.... Rae-Anne~ Held ceremonies in the winter.
Head of the household was its political or spiritual leader.
All aristocratic titles in each area were ranked for all ceremonial activities.
Social position was inherited or assigned.
Rank depended on potlatch; which proved a person's personal wealth and spiritual worthiness by heir's handling of fortune.
Potlatch was a major operation for promoting group solidarity, organizing labor, and maintaining structure of hierarchical system. Humans medicated because spirits granted them gifts of knowledge and insight about the world.
Only chiefs' gave access to spirits and their power.
Believed in super natural forces.
Rituals seek to secure good luck with nature and to attempt to control the weather.
'Shamans' or 'Medicine Men' were the only link to the spirit world.
Culture, spirits were connected to all living things. Different families and individuals have different explanations of history.
Many fought about the history.
Beliefs, customs, and history were passes down orally through stories, songs, and dances.
Stories for why certain things occurred. About each group and how they appeared. Because of the history conflict, many people performed their own public ceremonies and rituals in secret.
The rank holder and heir only knew of these secret ceremonies.
Main ceremony was the 'Dancing Society.'
Dancing Society was also called Wolf Dance because they wore wolf masks.
Feasts and potlatches were also performed.
Four main groups attended:
The people honored in the potlatch.
Groups who helped host. Traded with outsiders.
Trading took place at Nootka Sound.
Chinese demanded sea otter pelts.
British and Americans became frequent as fur trade expanded.
Acquired fire arms and ammunition
Hostilities broke out between Nootka and British and American traders.
Sea otters were hunted nearly to extinction.
Used canoes to travel. Had a hierarchy.
A tribe was a local group which shared a common winter settlement.
Chiefs of a tribe were rank ordered.
Tribes which shared a similar summer site were to hunt and fish.
No true democracy--ruled by wealth.
Society included: Nobles, commoners, slaves.
Rank was determined by potlatch and their relationship with the Chief.
Chief's duties were to give out wealth to the people. NOTES STORY Pielle, Sue, Anne Cameron, and Greta Guzek. T'aal: the one who takes bad children. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 1998. Print.
"T'Aal: The One Who Takes Bad Children - Sue Pielle - Google Books." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://books.google.hn/books/about/T_Aal.html?id=mj2ZPQAACAAJ>. A young brother and sister in the village of Sliammon must go out after dark to fetch their grandmother, and even though they are good children, they are caught by The One Who Takes Bad Children. It is up to the brother and sister to free themselves and all the other children by doing what they have been taught: stay calm, pay attention, and use everything you can find around you. Main ceremony was the 'Dancing Society.'
Dancing Society was also called Wolf Dance because they wore wolf masks. Uses blankets as money.
Salmon was main food source, and taken in large numbers during fall--to which stored for winter.
Wooden fishing weirs, along with fish traps were used into the sea, such as nets, hooks, and lines. teehee The One Who Takes Bad Children Took care of a corpse seriously, for they were afraid of death.
Thought that the dead had power over whales.
In a wooden box, a corpse was placed, and was taken to a burial place far away from the villages.
The spirituality of the entire tribe was reflected in everything they made, said, and did such as stories, songs, names, the family lines. Drums are played during potlatches.
Different songs were played at different ceremonies and times, like hunting, marriage, ceremonies, potlatch, and story telling for a few examples. Marriage was usually between already distantly related family members.
Totem poles were carved traditionally.
Whales were believed to be the members of the tribe who passed on.
After a death, memorial poles were made.
They never wasted, but instead, stored it so it could be used for later. Role of Women No power.
Women prepared food.
Women stayed near the home, doing work on land.
Responsibilities consisted of chores related to keeping the home: cleaning, cooking, and looking after the children.
Women dug for clams and shellfish, collecting berries as well.
Also pounded and softened cedar bark for weaving and making clothes. The Nootka tribe mainly consisted of fishermen.
Salmon was their main food source, which they caught in large numbers and stored for the winter season.
Whales were also important for not only for a source of food but used for ceremonial purposes as well