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Vitamins and Minerals

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by

Sharon Olsen

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and Minerals
What does a thermostat, a gas pedal,
and a vitamin have in common?
Definitions
Vitamins-
Vitamins are organic substances present in food and required by the body in a small amount for regulation of metabolism and maintenance of normal growth and functioning.
Minerals-
Minerals are vital to our existence because they are the building blocks that make up muscles, tissues, and bones. They also are important components of many life-supporting systems, such as hormones, oxygen transport, and enzyme systems.
Vitamins
Minerals
Vitamin A
Vitamin B
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Calcium
Iron
Iodine
Phosphorus
Copper
Potassium
Sodium
Zinc
Flourine
Which ones are water soluble or
fat soluble?
Which ones are major or
trace minerals?
Fat Soluble Vitamin
Water Soluble Vitamin
Major Minerals
Trace Minerals
Needed in the body in large amounts
They are needed to build muscles, blood, nerve cells, teeth, and bones. They also are essential electrolytes that the body requires to regulate blood volume and acid-base balance
Needed only in tiny amounts.

Even though they can be found in the body in exceedingly small amounts, they are also very important to the human body.

These minerals participate in most chemical reactions in the body. They also are needed to manufacture important hormones
Vitamins soluble in water.

They are excreted in the urine and are not stored in the body
in appreciable quantities.
Vitamins that are soluble in fat solvents and are absorbed along with dietary fats

They are not normally excreted in the urine and tend to be stored in the body in moderate amounts.
Vitamin A
-Fat Soluble
Vitamin B
-Water Soluble
Vitamin C
-Water Soluble
Vitamin D
-Fat Soluble
Vitamin E
-Fat Soluble
Vitamin K
-Fat Soluble
Calcium
-Major
Iron -Trace
Iodine -Trace
Phosphorus
-Major
Copper -Trace
Potassium
-Major
Sodium
-Major

Zinc
-Trace
Flourine
-Trace
Vitamin A
Fat Soluble carotene
converts to Vitamin A
for vision, growth, and nerves
Liver, oranges, pears,
yellow fruit and vegetables
Night blindness, poor eyesight
poor skin, hair
Vitamin D
Fat Soluble for bones and teeth
Milk
Rickets
Vitamin E
Fat soluble for energy, cell membranes,
antioxidant
Green Leafy Vegetables,
fruits, whole grains, liver
apples oil, fats
Overdose causes blurred vision,
nausea, dizziness
Vitamin K
Fat soluble for blood clotting,
need only a small amount
Dark green vegetables, cabbage
cauliflower, liver
Hemorrhaging
Vitamin C-Ascorbic Acid
Water soluble for collagen to hold
cells together
Citrus fruits, cantaloupe,
strawberries, pineapple
Scurvy
Thiamine
Nerve tissue, digestive system, appetite
energy, muscle control
Milk, whole grains,
dark green vegetables, fish
eggs
Beriberi
Riboflavin
Promotes growth, nerves, digestion,
works with protein
Milk, whole grains, dark green
vegetables, fish, eggs
Premature Aging
Nicacin
Nerve tissues, digestive system
Skin, energy, metabolism
Milk, whole grains, dates
peaches, fish, poultry, peanuts
Pellagra
Folacin
Red blood cells, synthesize DNA,
cell division, prevent certain birth defects
Oranges, dark green vegetables, whole grains
meat and eggs
Anemia, certain birth defects
Pyridoxine
Immune and nervous system

Meat, vegetables, bananas

Poor Health
Cobalamin
Generation of DNA cells, bone marrow
red blood cells

Milk, eggs, meat, fruit, vegetables

Anemia, damage to intestinal tract
Calcium
Helps bones, teeth, blood serum
clotting, muscle nerves

Milk, dates, broccoli, parsley, greens
spinach

Osteoporosis
Phosphorus
Cells, combines with calcium,
releases energy

Avocados, raisins, whole grains, meat
eggs, milk

Osteoporosis
Potassium
Regulates fluids, heart and other
muscle nerves

Oranges, peaches, pears, bananas, dates
apples, raisins, avocados

Irregularity of heart action
Sodium
Regulates fluids, heart, and other muscles,
nerves

Table salt, cured meats, sausage, bacon

Too much contributes to high blood pressure
Iron
Blood-hemoglobin, red cells, carries
oxygen to cells

Dates, dried fruits, eggs, lejumes, whole grains,
watermelon, dark leafy vegetables

Iron deficiency anemia
Zinc
Growth-maintenance of body

Avocados, raisins, dairy products
whole grains

Too much causes fever, nausea
Fluorine
Teeth and bones, works with calcium

Fluoridated water, fish, eggs, milk
some toothpastes

Tooth Decay

Copper
Small amount needed to make
red blood cells

Meat, egg yolks, green vegetables,
grains, shell fish, organ meats

Too much can damage liver, kidney, brain

Iodine
Thyroid

Salt water fish, iodized table salt

Goiter

Figer Roughage Cellulose
Aids the digestive system, cannot be
digested

Cellulose in fruits and vegetables

Colon Cancer, heart disease

Full transcript