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Vitamins and Minerals
Transcript of Vitamins and Minerals
What does a thermostat, a gas pedal,
and a vitamin have in common?
Vitamins are organic substances present in food and required by the body in a small amount for regulation of metabolism and maintenance of normal growth and functioning.
Minerals are vital to our existence because they are the building blocks that make up muscles, tissues, and bones. They also are important components of many life-supporting systems, such as hormones, oxygen transport, and enzyme systems.
Which ones are water soluble or
Which ones are major or
Fat Soluble Vitamin
Water Soluble Vitamin
Needed in the body in large amounts
They are needed to build muscles, blood, nerve cells, teeth, and bones. They also are essential electrolytes that the body requires to regulate blood volume and acid-base balance
Needed only in tiny amounts.
Even though they can be found in the body in exceedingly small amounts, they are also very important to the human body.
These minerals participate in most chemical reactions in the body. They also are needed to manufacture important hormones
Vitamins soluble in water.
They are excreted in the urine and are not stored in the body
in appreciable quantities.
Vitamins that are soluble in fat solvents and are absorbed along with dietary fats
They are not normally excreted in the urine and tend to be stored in the body in moderate amounts.
Fat Soluble carotene
converts to Vitamin A
for vision, growth, and nerves
Liver, oranges, pears,
yellow fruit and vegetables
Night blindness, poor eyesight
poor skin, hair
Fat Soluble for bones and teeth
Fat soluble for energy, cell membranes,
Green Leafy Vegetables,
fruits, whole grains, liver
apples oil, fats
Overdose causes blurred vision,
Fat soluble for blood clotting,
need only a small amount
Dark green vegetables, cabbage
Vitamin C-Ascorbic Acid
Water soluble for collagen to hold
Citrus fruits, cantaloupe,
Nerve tissue, digestive system, appetite
energy, muscle control
Milk, whole grains,
dark green vegetables, fish
Promotes growth, nerves, digestion,
works with protein
Milk, whole grains, dark green
vegetables, fish, eggs
Nerve tissues, digestive system
Skin, energy, metabolism
Milk, whole grains, dates
peaches, fish, poultry, peanuts
Red blood cells, synthesize DNA,
cell division, prevent certain birth defects
Oranges, dark green vegetables, whole grains
meat and eggs
Anemia, certain birth defects
Immune and nervous system
Meat, vegetables, bananas
Generation of DNA cells, bone marrow
red blood cells
Milk, eggs, meat, fruit, vegetables
Anemia, damage to intestinal tract
Helps bones, teeth, blood serum
clotting, muscle nerves
Milk, dates, broccoli, parsley, greens
Cells, combines with calcium,
Avocados, raisins, whole grains, meat
Regulates fluids, heart and other
Oranges, peaches, pears, bananas, dates
apples, raisins, avocados
Irregularity of heart action
Regulates fluids, heart, and other muscles,
Table salt, cured meats, sausage, bacon
Too much contributes to high blood pressure
Blood-hemoglobin, red cells, carries
oxygen to cells
Dates, dried fruits, eggs, lejumes, whole grains,
watermelon, dark leafy vegetables
Iron deficiency anemia
Growth-maintenance of body
Avocados, raisins, dairy products
Too much causes fever, nausea
Teeth and bones, works with calcium
Fluoridated water, fish, eggs, milk
Small amount needed to make
red blood cells
Meat, egg yolks, green vegetables,
grains, shell fish, organ meats
Too much can damage liver, kidney, brain
Salt water fish, iodized table salt
Figer Roughage Cellulose
Aids the digestive system, cannot be
Cellulose in fruits and vegetables
Colon Cancer, heart disease