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Transcript of Major Depression
By Paul Quinones Jr.
The persistent feeling of sadness or loss of interest that characterizes major depression can lead to a range of emotional and physical conditions.
Causes range from brain chemistry to life events.
Antidepressant medications and psychotherapy can treat depression. Talk therapy and other non-medication approaches are often helpful, too.
What is Major Depression?
People may experience:
Mood: general discontent, loneliness, loss of interest, emotional distress, hopelessness, boredom, inability to feel pleasure, apathy, mood swings, sadness, or guilt
Behavioral: irritability, self-harm, social isolation, excessive crying, or agitation
Sleep: insomnia, restless sleep, early awakening, or excess sleepiness
Psychological: depression, repeatedly going over thoughts, or anxiety
Cognitive: lack of concentration, thoughts of suicide, or slowness in activity and thought
Weight: weight loss or weight gain
Whole body: loss of appetite, fatigue, or excessive hunger
Also common: restlessness, poor appetite, or substance abuse
SSRI: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Trazodone (Desyrel), Paroxetine (Paxil), Sertraline (Zoloft), Fluvoxamine, Citalopram (Celexa), Escitalopram (Lexapro)
Other treatments: Desvenlafaxine, Nortriptyline (Pamelor), Imipramine (Tofranil-PM), Bupropion (Wellbutrin), Buspirone, Amitriptyline, Duloxetine (Cymbalta), Mirtazapine (Remeron), Venlafaxine (Effexor), Aripiprazole (Abilify), Selegiline (Eldepryl)
Therapies: Family therapy, Electroconvulsive therapy, Psychotherapy, Behavior therapy, Light therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy
Primary care provider (PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.
Geriatrician: Focuses on the health care of elderly people.
Clinical psychologist: Treats psychological disorders.
Psychiatrist: Treats mental disorders.
Major depressive disorder can also be triggered by stressful events in a person's life. These may include:
divorce or separation
failing a class
death or illness of a friend or family member
physical or emotional abuse
Link to Health Inequality
Huge income gaps in a community can make people feel impoverished, even when they are not poor by economic standards - and blaming themselves for their "failure" may add to depression risk, researchers said.The effect was stronger for women than for men, they report in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health