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Transcript of PUBLICISTIC STYLE
Public speeches and printed public works;
The general aim - to exert influence on public opinion;
Three subdivisions - oratorical, essay, articles.
The subject of a speech;
Representation of the author’s position (the informative center of the spech);
The summary of the ideas, certain conclusions and a repeat of the main appeal.
short simple sentences;
extended and complex sentences;
quotations and references;
emphatic constructions and inversion (
that is what we must do; right here in Washington the freedom is being exercised
ORATORY AND SPEECHES
direct address to the audience by special formulas (
Ladies and Gentlemen!; Dear Friends!
special formulas at the end of the speech to thank the audience for their attention (
Thank you very much; Thank you for your time
the use of the 1st person pronoun we; 2nd person pronoun you (
We hold these Truths…
the use of contractions
I’ll; won’t; haven’t; isn’t
features of colloquial style.
brevity of expression;
the use of the 1st person singular;
a rather expended use of connectives;
the abundant use of emotive words;
the use of comparisons and metaphors.
emotionally colored words (adjectives in particular);
otherwise, for example, therefore, though, but, and...
bookish words (
legislator, community, abandon, role-modeling
high-flown words (
moral duty, the basic fabric of society, the symbol of freedom around the world
Mark you, I do not seek to
alarm or distress the mothers, fathers, sons and daughters gathered before me in this vast assemblage, but
I would indeed be recreant
to a high resolve which I made as a youth if I did not at this time and this place, and with the full realizing sense of responsibility which I assume, publicly declare and affirm my dedication and my consecration to the eternal principles and receipts of simple, ordinary, commonplace justice.
(The example is borrowed from R. D. Altick. Preface to Critical Reading. Holt, N. Y., 1956, pp. VII – VIII.)
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
It is indeed a great and underserved privilege to address
such an audience as I see before me.
At no previous time in the history of human civilization
have greater problems confronted
and challenged the
of man’s intellect than now.
Let us look around us
. What do we see on the horizon
What forces are at work
Under what mist of clouds the future stand obscured?
casting aside the raiment of all human speech, the crucial test for the solution of all these intricate problems to which I have just alluded is the sheer and forceful application of those immutable laws which down the corridor of Time have always guided the hand of man,
, as it were, for some faint beacon light for his hopes and aspirations. Without these great vital principles we are but puppets responding to whim and fancy, failing entirely to grasp the hidden meaning of it all.
re-address ourselves to these questions which press for answer and solution. The issues cannot be avoided. There they stand.
It is upon you
and you, and yet even upon me,
of responsibility falls.
What, then, is our duty
Shall we continue to drift
With all the emphasis of my being
the message No! Drifting must stop. We must press onward and upward toward the ultimate goal to which all must aspire.
But I cannot conclude my remarks,
upon a subject which I know is steeped in your very consciousness. I refer to that spirit which
from the eyes of a new-born babe, that animates the
, that sways all the hosts of humanity past and present. Without this energizing principle all commerce, trade and industry are hushed and will
from this earth as surely as the
sunset follows the