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Founder and Major Figures

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David Vitale

on 1 December 2017

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Transcript of Founder and Major Figures

Islam
By : David V., Malik G., and Christopher E.
The religion; Islam, is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion present in the majority of the Middle East but can be seen in other countries. It is the world's second largest religion; falling behind Christianity but, it is the fastest growing major religion in the world with over 1.8 billion followers (24.1% of the global population). The people who follow this religion are called Muslims. The founder of this grand religion is Muhammad also known as the "Messenger of God". According to www.britannica.com it states, "Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, unique and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs." He was born on 570 C.E and died June 8, 632 C.E.
Founder and Major Figures
The sacred text of the religion; Islam is the Quran. The Quran literally means "the recitation". The Quran is the regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. Muslims believe that the Quran is a revelation from God. The Quran is divided into chapters which are then, divided into verses. Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel gradually over a period of approximately 23 years.
Sacred Texts
There are five basic religious acts in Islam, collectively known as 'The Pillars of Islam' which are considered obligatory for all believers. The Quran presents them as a framework for worship and a sign of commitment to the faith. They are the creed (1), daily prayers (2), almsgiving (3) fasting during Ramadan (4) and the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime (5). There are other religious acts that Muslims perform such as charity and recitation of the Quran.
Beliefs and Practices
Islamic ethics are defined as "good character" historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and was finally established by the 11th century. The moral commandments are:

Worship only God (Allah)
Be kind, honourable and humble to one's parents
Be neither miserly nor wasteful in one's expenditure
Do not engage in 'mercy killings' for fear of starvation
Do not come adultery
Do not kill unjustly
Care for orphaned children
Keep one's promises
Be honest and fair in one's interactions
Do not be arrogant in one's claim or beliefs
Moral/Ethical Code of Conduct
Impacts on Society Whose Inhabitants Practice the Belief System
In a Muslim family, the birth of a child is attended with some religious ceremonies. Immediately after the birth, the words of Adhan is pronounced in the right ear of the child. In the seventh day, the aquiqa ceremony is performed in which an animal is sacrificed and it's meat is distributed among the poor. Also, the head of the child is shaved. Polyandry, a practice where a woman can have more than one husband is prohibited in Islam. But, Muslim men can have more than one wife which is called polygyny (limit is 4 wives). The foundation of a Muslim family is marriage. Marriage is considered a civil contract. The groom is required to pay a bridal gift to the bride, as written in the contract. Most Muslims families are monogamous.
Place of Origin
Islam is historically believed to have originated in the early 7th century C.E in Mecca, and by the 8th century the Umayyad Islamic caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic world was experiencing a scientific, economic and cultural flourishing during the Islamic Golden Age.
Date/Time Period Founded
The religion of Islam was founded at approximately 610 C.E when Muhammad was first visited by the angel Gabriel in the cave. Three years later, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to him would be the best course of action. He also stated that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.
Islamic Glossary
Adhan - Words resided in the baby's right just after birth
Allah - God
Ayah - Verse of the Quran
Five Pillars of Islam - Five of the main religious practices that Muslims must always perform
Islamic Golden Age - The era in the history of Islam, dated from the 8th century to the 13th century where the Islamic movement flourished
Jerusalem - Ancient city located in the Middle East
Mahr - A mandatory payment, in the form of money or possessions paid
Mecca - A city in the Tihamah plain in Saudi Arabia; also the capital of the Makkah Region
Medina - An Saudi Arabian city
Polyandry - When a wife takes two or more husbands at the same time
Polygyny - When a husband takes two or more wifes at the same time
Quran - The sacred text of Islam
Ramadan - Muslim religious observances in the Month of Ramadan; includes fasting
Surah - Chapters of the Quran
Umayyad Islamic Caliphate - Second of the four major caliphates
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