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Transcript of Us Navy
The navy started using planes November of 1910 (114 years ago) when pioneer aviator Glenn Curtiss who contracted with the navy to demonstrate that planes could take off and land on ships at sea one of his pilots Eugene Ely took off from the USS Brimingham anchored off of the coast of Virginia and today the US Navy has 35 different planes and jet which are spit up into 7 different purposes Fighters, Attack, Antisubmarine, electronic warfare and reconaissance, Cargo, Training, and Helicopters all adding up to 3,700 aircraft in its own air force making the Us Naval Air Force the 3 largest in the world
The US Navy as founded by the Continental Congress October 13, 1775 only 5 months later the American Revolution started with the battles of Lexington and Concord on that date the Congress approved the purchase of 2 ships which were name the Andrew Doria and Cabot which ended the debate among the Continental Congress weather the question of having a navy as desirable or necessary later the Congress authorized the building of 13 frigates which would add to the number of ships already acquired through leasing or outright purchase
The submarine is as old as the USA itself in the American Revolutionary war a human-powered submersible craft named the Turtle unsuccessfully attacked a British warship in New York Harbor in the civil war a Confederate submarine Hunley sank the Federal sloop Housatonic, during WW2 American submarines established a devastatingly effective blockade around the Japanese home islands that all but destroyed Japan's merchant fleet and inflicted considerable losses on its Navy there are 5 different classes of submarines which a class is a different type or design of submarine
A destroyer is a fast and maneuverable warship intended to escort larger ships in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, powerful, short-range attackers
Destroyers originally called torpedo boats and that is because a British engineer developed a compressed air "automotive" torpedo in 1866 which lead to the threat of a small fast torpedo delivering ship could pose to the battle line became clear to countries around the world which ended up making the torpedo boat which is today known as the destroyer
There are many different classes of destroyers in the US navy and each one has characteristics that makes them different like the type of gun, the size of the gun, if it can land helicopters or planes, the type of torpedo's or missiles it can hold the type of missiles, what it is powered by, and the lay out/ design
The largest and most expensive destroyer ever is the USS Zumwalt it is 100 feet longer than the navies current class of destroyers it also has a new type of gun that fires rocket powered warheads up to 100 miles
323,951 Active duty personnel
109,738 Reserve personnel
The headquarters is in Arlington County, Virginia US
Motto is "Not for self, but for country"
Colors are blue and gold
The first war ever engaged in was the US Revolutionary
The march is "Anchors aweigh"
283 ships and growing
The most of one ship currently is the destroyer with 62 ships
The US has more ships and aircraft carriers than any country in the world
The Mascot for the US Naval Academy is Bill the Goat
10 aircraft carriers
9 amphibious assault ships
10 amphibious transport docks
12 dock landing ships
3 littoral combat ships
Aircraft carriers are the largest ship in the navy and the most costly and carries all of the jets and can hold up to 5000 people or more and is the most valuable therefore it needs to be protected the most and that is why it is always in the middle or the back of the fleet it also holds many different jobs and just for the planes on the ship there are 19 different jobs that are Flight deck crew, Air officer, Catapult Officer (is responsible for maintenance and operation of the catapult), Aircraft handing officer (is responsible for where there aircraft are and or will go above deck lower deck where they go on that deck), Aircraft directors (they are responsible for the movement of the aircraft from deck to deck or from hanger to deck) there are a lot more jobs like those
The largest of aircraft carriers is the super carrier which weighs 65,000 tons and 78,000 tons when fully loaded and is the largest naval ship ever built (the USA has 10 super carriers and Russia has 1 England has 2 and France has 1) Currently the US has 2 super carriers under construction and England has 2 as well the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier was the USS Enterprise which was built 1958-1961 and still today is the longest carrier in the world being 1123 feet long it cost $451.3 million to build and just went out of service as of December 1, 2012
Flight deck uniforms (Aircraft Carriers)
The navy has 12 different uniforms which the fight deck uniforms are counted sepretly because they are part of the aircraft carriers job instead of the entire navy so the Purple uniform means they are aviation fuel handlers where as Blue means plane handlers, tractor drivers, and elevator operators Yellow is flight deck officers and plane directors Green means operations personnel, catapult and arresting gear personnel, ground support equipment maintenance personnel, squadron maintenance personnel, cargo handling personnel, hook runners, landing signalmen observes, and photographers White is safety observers, squadron final checkers, landing signal officers, corpsmen, LOX handlers, air transfer officers, combat cargo, and visitors Red means ordnance handlers, EOD personnel, crash and salvage crews Brown is plane captains (Crew chiefs and mechanics)
The USS constitution
The USS Constitution is of the 6 original frigates and was built 1794-1800 and is the only one to not have destroyed or retired of the original 6 it weighs 2,200 tons and could hold 450 Officers and Enlisted including 55 Marines and 30 Boys it cost $302,718 to build (1797) so the price would be a lot different
Its nickname is "Old Ironsides" because cannon balls could not penetrate her hard oak sides it was also renamed the Old Constitution (1917) then Constitution in 1925 and is today a museum in Charlestown Navy Yard, Massachusetts
The navy has 8 different uniforms Dress Uniform which the US navy has 3 categories of dress uniforms from least to most formal service, full, and dinner
Service Uniforms are the US navy's daily wear uniforms and are intended for use in office environments, positions that interact with the public, and in watch situations
Navy Working Uniform is used when other uniforms become soldier or are inappropriate for the task at hand these are also worn at sea and industrial environments shore and as of July 2010 they became the only authorized working uniforms
Naval Station Norfolk
Naval Station Norfolk is the largest US naval base in the world located in Norfolk Virginia, U.S. it has still been in use since 1917 (97 years old) and it has 53 Homported ships as of June 2013 which contains 5 Aircraft carriers (Half of the 10 active carriers) 5 Cruisers, 24 Guided missile destroyers, 3 Frigates, 9 Amphibious assault, and 7 Submarines
Naval Station Norfolk supports 75 ships and 134 aircraft along side 14 piers and 11 aircraft hangars and houses the largest concentration of US naval forces
Norfolk Naval Station operates over 100,000 flights each year (an average of 275 flights per day around 1 every 6 minutes) over 150,000 passengers and 264,000 tons of mail and cargo depart annually on Air Mobility Command (AMC)
There are 10 types of cruisers in the world and in the US there are different classes of each type
Steam cruisers: cruisers along with most ship during the 19th century were starting to be converted to steam power
Steel cruisers: In 1880s naval architects began to use steel as a material for ships which would make them lighter and faster than one built out of iron or wood
Pre-dreadnought armored cruisers:
Steel also had an effect on the construction and role of armored cruisers which meant new designs of battleship later known as pre-dreadnought armored cruisers
There are a lot more types of cruisers and history of them but it is too much to add