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ACTION AREAS OF OTTAWA CHARTER

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Emmanuel Talia

on 21 March 2016

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Transcript of ACTION AREAS OF OTTAWA CHARTER

Developing Personal skills
Health promotion supports personal and social development through providing awareness and information on health and enhancing life skills. When we are aware of this we are enhancing our knowledge on health and what the dangers of not developing these skills could do to your body. For example, one way of developing personal skills would be to apply sunscreen when going out into the sun especially here in Australia as we have the highest rate of skin cancer in the world. Another example is eating a balanced diet as by not doing so you can develop a cardiovascular disease which can lead to death if not managed.
Make Health Last!
OTTAWA CHARTER
ACTION AREAS OF OTTAWA CHARTER
by Emmanuel Talia

Ottawa
In 1986, ottawa charter marked the beginning of a new era of public health. It became the first conference internationally where its initial goal was to achive better health for the year 2000 and beyond. It consists of 5 action areas:
-Developing Personal Skills
-Creating supporting environments
-Strengthening community action
-Reorienting public health services
Building healthy public policy

Meaning of Health:
Then meaning of health depends on the person you are referring to as it means different things to different people. For example, for an elderly person, health means morbidity and as for a person with mental illness, it might mean having social contact with others. Until later in the 20th century, the view of health was finally changed as it was established that health was closely related to the environment. This definition was based on a holistic approach including, physical, mental social and spiritual dimensions
World Health Organization
The world health organization was established in 7 April 1948 which was headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The organization was founded by Brock Chisholm.
The world health organization held a conference about Ottawa Charter and it was the first international conference held in 1986 which was aimed at promoting better health for the years 2000 and beyond
CREATING SUPPORTIVE ENVIRONMENTS
When we create supportive environments, we are already changing our health. Unlike some neighborhood's that just have only fast food outlets and take-way shops, creating a supportive environment means that our environment should have access to fresh and affordable foods. It also goes with how some schools have a "no hat no play" policy. With this policy in hand we are protecting our selves from the sun, thus reducing our rick of gettin skin cancer in the long term.
What creating a supportive environment can offer
Supportive environments offers people protection from the factors and diseases that affect good health

Can foster participation in health and enable people to extend their capabilities and health self reliance
Examples of Supportive environments:
Air-conditioning
Gyms
Safety Signs
"Normal speed meets every need"
Going to a Gym:
It is recommended that adults have atleast 30 minutes of moderate exercise for atleast 5 days a week. when you exercise dayly, it will will strengthen your heart and will be able to pump more blood around your body without any stress. Your oxygen intake increase which means you would be able to run more and your muscles will receive oxygen faster meaning you can go longer. Going to the gym every day puts you in contact with people on a regular basis and will enhance your social life as well as the way that you feel about yourself
Safety Signs:
Without safety signs, there would be a higher mortality and morbitity rate if there werent any signs to follow. For example, if there were not any "stop signs then there would be a bunch of accidents everyday. Safety signs are also very important, e.g. working with chemicals. Signs are used to warn us for our own safety
Strengthening community action:
When we are strengthening community health, we are basically working together to enhance and promote health (Awareness) and to improve our access and control to over the social determinants of health.
Strengthening community health can include:
Relay For Life: Chance for communities to recognise those who have overcome cancer and for those who are undergoing treatment. It also provides an oppotunity to celebrate the remember those loved ones who have lost their lives to cancer
Movember: An annual event held which involves men growing their mustaches during the month of November to raise awareness for mens health issues such as depression, prostate cancer e.g.
Relay For Life
Reorienting Public Health Service

Health Promotion: Procees of advertising and getting people to get better health and control the determinants of their health and also improve to recude the risk of getting unwanted illnesses. "Health is seen as a resoucre for everyday life, not the object of living"

Reorienting Public Health Service
Reorienting Health services also relates to developing personal skills as an individual. when we develop these skills, we are equipping ourselves with the knowledge and skill we need to be able to take care of our overal health and look after ourselves. When we develop our personal skills, we can also promote it to others and get them to do the same thing
Building Healthy Public Policy
Public policies combine diverse but complementary approaches, including legislations, taxations on certain products and organisational change. Smoke free work places are an example of a good healthy policy. According to studies, recent laws that smoking in public places are contributing to fewer tobacco related hospital visits and deaths. The good thing to this law is that smoke free areas are a safer and healthier.
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