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The Battle of the Coral Sea

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Andrea Boardman

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of The Battle of the Coral Sea

The Battle of the Coral Sea - Was the first out of six battles fought in the Pacific between opposing aircraft carrier forces. U.S.S. Yorktown - Was a result of the Japanese trying to capture Fort Moresby on New Guinea's southeastern coast. Having a Japanese base there would threaten Australia's further expansion into the South Pacific, driving them out of the war. Also, it would enlarge Japan's ocean empire. - The Japanese targeted Tulagi, in the southern Solomons, and Fort Moresby with two seaborne invasion forces. The Japanese were supported by two naval forces containing small aircraft carriers, several cruisers, seaplane tenders, and gunboats. Distance coverage was by these large aircraft carriers:
Shokaku Zuikaku - The United States knew about Japan's planned attack because code breakers in Hawaii had broken the Japanese navy's secret code for conducting operations. They sent two of their aircraft carriers, the Yorktown, and the Lexington, along with cruisers, submarines, destroyers, and land-based bombs. They also had had help from Australia. - In early May of 1942, the United States and Japan had a two day carrier combat - The United States lost the Lexington and the Yorktown was badly damaged. They also lost a very valuable fleet oiler. - The Japanese were forced to cancel their Fort Moresby invasion. Both aircraft carriers were damaged in the battle and could not contribute to the Battle of Midway. Japan could claim a victory based on tactical "points" but was a operational and strategical defeat for them.
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