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Body Image and Self-Harm

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Diana Golec

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Body Image and Self-Harm

Body Image and Self-Harm
An adolescences struggle to fit into societal standards
Case Studies
The purpose of this investigation is to demonstrate how through the pursuit to achieve societies perception of body image, the media is a contributing factor to teenage girls altering their bodies resulting in harm to them physically and mentally.
Key Terms
Eating Disorder-
any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits.
emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat.
Bulimia Nervosa-
emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and an obsessive desire to lose weight, in which bouts of extreme overeating are followed by depression and self-induced vomiting, purging, or fasting.
Restore (someone) to health or normal life by training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness.
The action of killing oneself intentionally.
feeling undue awareness of oneself, one's appearance, or one's actions.
Psychiatric disorder-
is a mental or behavioral pattern or anomaly that causes distress or disability, and which is not developmentally or socially normative.
put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.
the action or process of being received as adequate or suitable, typically to be admitted into a group.
Media and young girls:
-According to National Eating Disorders Organization states that eating disorders, such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder, include extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviours that surround weight and food issues.
-These disorders are dangerous enough to cause serious emotional and physical health problem.
-Additionally, eating disorders can lead to life-threatening consequences.
-The young girls who read fashion magazines and watch television become exposed to what the articles, pictures, and media demand what these female adolescents should look like.
-It is the media’s representation of body image that is the most influential factor that contributes to eating disorders.
- Messages purported by commercial media may create distorted perceptions of the acceptable physique.
- The slender woman and muscular man concept may promote comparative personal dissatisfaction with body proportions.
- Adolescent suicide has increased 200% during the past two decades and currently ranks second only to accidents as the leading cause of adolescent mortality.
-Self-harm that the adolescences are inflicting on them is caused of body image. There are a 79.9% of adolescent females that are trying to modify their body image.
-The video focuses on the pressure women feel from society to lose weight, and the effects on women, some girls starting at the age of just 3 years old worrying about their weight.
-The concept of being thin is not only desired but it is engraved into the minds of girls at a young age.
- Research shows that almost half of 3 to 6 year old girls are worried about being fat.
- There are larger and more harmful implications with little girls worrying about their weight, which can lead to eating disorders and further health complications.
- Many adolescence are constantly seek to attain the perfect body perception.
- The medias representation of body image is unattainable.
- They agree that those who were affected by images and comments by media were at risk for weight concerns, health complications, and self-harm.
- The case studies all confirm that eating disorders, and unhealthy weight control patterns lead to life threatening consequences.

In Conclusion
Hypothesis: Adolescent females have the greatest affect on their health when obtaining a body image established by media, the repercussions of this effort result in self-harm.
Gauvin, L. (2012). Overcoming the Unhealthy Pursuit of Thinness: Reaction to the Québec Charter for a Healthy and Diverse Body Image. American Journal Of Public Health, 102(8), 1600. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300479

Girl, 6, Worries That She Is Fat: Too Young to Be Concerned with Body Image?.
(2011, June 20). YouTube. Retrieved November 25, 2013,

Jacobson, B. (1997). Body image dissatisfaction and moderate diet manipulation:
Factors related to suicide behaviour. Physical Educator, 54(3), 143.

Kovar, A. (2009, April 30). Health Psychology Home Page. Effects of Media on
Body Image. Retrieved November 24, 2013, from http://healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu/2009/BodyImageMedia.htm

Spurling, S. (2010). Media and young girls: The Pressures of Being
Thin. Yahoo Contributor Network. Retrieved November 25, 2013, from http://voices.yahoo.com/media-young-girls-pressures-being-thin-6078880.html

Body Image
Body image is the mental picture you have of your body, what it looks like, what you believe about it, and how you feel about your overall appearance. Society portrays that "thin" is beautiful, the media has significant impact on how we view ourselves and what we view as most important in our lives. Body image vs. Self-harm.
- Cutting
- Burning
- Biting
- Hitting the body
- Pulling out hair
- Scratching or picking
- Eating disorders
- Substance abuse
Adolescent females have the greatest affect on their health when obtaining a body image established by media, the repercussions of this effort result in self-harm .
The Pressures of Being Thin
Effects of Media on Body Image
- An attractive appearance is so desired by the feminine gender role, the search for beauty causes health problems for adolescent girls who are trying to adjust themselves to become physically attractive.
- The constant reminder of the “thin ideal” causes body dissatisfaction, a negative body image, and low self-esteem.
- Body dissatisfaction has been linked to critical physical and mental health problems.
- It is evident that those who were most affected by the thin-ideal images were those who were at risk for weight concerns and health complications.
Overcoming the Unhealthy
Pursuit of Thinness:
Reaction to the Québec Charter for a Healthy and Diverse Body Image
-Greater exposure to images promoting excessively thin body ideals, can trigger disordered eating and unhealthy weight control practices.
-These disorders are harmful addictions and are extremely difficult to rehabilitate.
-Adolescent women are putting their live in danger all to receive a unrealistic body image.
Body image dissatisfaction and moderate diet manipulation:
Factors related to suicide behaviour
Girl, 6, Worries That She Is Fat:
Too Young to Be Concerned with Body Image?
Key Questions
Have you ever wanted to change yourself to become more visually attractive?
Have you ever felt inadequate in comparison to a model or actress/ actor?
Have you ever experimented a form of self-mutilation? Being a form of unhealthy dieting, cutting in other words self harm?
http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=0jUoZF2By_0
- The results from the case studies demonstrate self harm as the result of media and body image but the term self harm is too broad, they focus on specific forms of self harm, The media and young girls: The pressures of being thin, focuses on eating disorders as a repercussion, and Body image dissatisfaction and moderate diet manipulation: Factors related to suicide behaviour, the focal point of this case study leans directly toward suicide and self-harm to the furtherest extremes.
The hypothesis was proven to be TRUE.
The majority of researchers and data bases state that the media portrayal of body image is a sole trigger for self harm. It is evident that self-harm can be any form of body mutilation non the less - Cutting, Burning, Biting, Hitting the body, Pulling out hair, Scratching or picking, Eating disorders, Substance abuse, are all potentially health threatening.
Field Work

The method of collecting data began with the use of the valid database, EbscoHost. Using key words such as Media, Self-harm, Cutting, Disorders, and Body Image. the research was continued through a Google search. This was done through a more specific research for media causing direct self-harm. Key words such as case studies, media, self-harm, disorder, bulimia, and anorexia were keyed into Google search. Upon on the culmination of finding research, I further established a more developed hypothesis. After using 10 case studies in my Phase 2, my phase 3 required more directed case studies, and with the use of the more specific case studies, came my final report justifying my hypothesis.
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