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Transcript of CAFS
Nelson, Community and Family Studies textbook 1st edition, 2009, by Allison Beattie, Bronwyn Rayner, Kate Rayner and Beth Roberts
Pear, Community and Family Studies textbook, 2nd edition, 2009, by Louise Weihen, Bernadette Duggan, Sarah James and Jeannie O'Donoghue
By: Wendy Le - Ms Chabra
Sandra's grandmother lives in the next suburb over from her (about 5km away). Sandra's grandmother has played an important role in her families' life and she is very attached to her. However she is now getting elderly and Sandra is extremely concerned about her living in the old family home.
Evaluating the Outcome:
The outcomes of Sandra implementing that method was that her grandma was well taken care in which the family had provided her with food, water and sleep which satisfied her physiological needs, reassurance which gave her a sense of safety/security, a generous amount of attention and affection from family members that kept her socially stable and enhanced her self-esteem thus improving her quality of life altogether. Through this decision, Sandra was able to feel content and no longer be concerned about her grandmother living in the old family home because she, herself, and family members surrounding are able to consistently monitor their grandmother's condition to make sure her well-being is positively maintained. In future, if Sandra comes across a similar situation, she should consider putting her grandmother in an old family home . This is because she may be more financially stable to afford a residential nursing home and will be experiencing a busier schedule due to undergoing the expansion phase in the family life cycle, so it is most appropriate to use a different method that is more suitable to the changing situation.
There are various formal and informal alternatives available that Sandra could consider engaging into. These alternatives can ensure that her grandmother's well-being is positively maintained and can solve any issues of conern about the old family home. Such alternatives included in this report are:
Choosing and implementing an alternative:
CAFS Assessment Task
Groups in Context:
Identifying the issue:
The issue arisen from this scenario is that Sandra is concerned about whether the well-being of her grandmother, whom is now eligible to be nursed in an old family home, will be well-maintained through access to various resources available at the old family home. To ensure her grandmother's needs and wants are all adequately met, Sandra must undertake research to find all available resources that are most suitable for "The Aged" characteristics. If she fails to do so, it could negatively impact her Grandmother's well-being due to high risks of neglection both emotionally and physically which could also contribute to further deteriorating not only Sandra's grandmothers state but also impacts on Sandra and the family since she has played an important role.
According to the Community and Family Studies syllabus, it is evident that Sandra's grandmother falls into is 'The Aged' category. The Aged are legally defined as those individuals who are over 65 years of age (source: Australian Bureau of Statistics). However through social definition, they are referred to as individuals who meet the criteria for the aged pensions and are usually described as the 'elderly'. 'old' and 'past middle age'.
An individual's characteristics and needs is what distinguishes them from groups. These are some characteristics and needs that Sandra's grandmother may have that defines her as 'The Aged'.
The characteristics of the Aged tend to vary, depending on the situation, age, health, gender, socioeconomic status, housing and family structure. In this case, here are the following characteristics Sandra's grandmother has that defines her as the Aged:
Retirement in the workforce
Currently facing the contracting stage of the family life-cycle, in which her children have moved out and had children of their own
Experiencing deteriorated health, becoming housebound or need respite care or the support of a retirement village or aged care facility
Loss of partner which contributes to them feeling lonely and detached from society. Especially common in females because their tendency to marry older men results in more aged women than men living alone.
Loss of independence and a sense of burden
Have strong traditional values such as getting married before having children
Specific needs of The Aged:
It it crucial for Sandra's grandmother to to meet her specific needs in order to achieve a high level of well-being. Each need is significant, however they can be prioritised according to the situation of each aged person. Here are the following specific needs of the Aged:
Access to Services
Aged people often need assistance to identify available services. Some aged people have additional needs that affect their access to services and resources, for example, having a disability. There are government services available to give extra assistance to meet people's special needs. The aged also often need assistance to access services due to physical barriers or transport problems.
Many families need adequate support so that they are able to take care of their families. Carers and families need access to respite care for the person being cared for, so they are able to take a break. When carers are refreshed they able to perform their roles better.
Employers need to ensure that older workers are provided with access to training and personal development opportunities. Older people need appropriate training provided in a supportive environment to assist in learning new technology systems. This helps them to maintain their employability in their particular career area, as well as providing employers with a source of knowledge and expertise for inexperienced workers.
To assist in meeting the needs of aged employees, workplaces can offer phased retirement, flexible work patterns, training and personal development opportunities, retirement seminars and employee assistance programs such as counselling, financial advice and health programs.
Many aged people are retired from work and therefore can face enormous adjustments. To fill the void by loss of social contacts, status, responsibility and job satisfaction, many contribute to society by doing volunteer work or take on active roles in caring
Many aged people support themselves financially through superannuation, wages or other investments. Some need assistance, which may be provided through Centrelink. The aged may recieve age pension, as a pensioner concession card that offers discounts on prices.
Some aged people may need to ask for help from formal or informal support networks. Family members need to be aware of their ageing relatives' needs and financial situations, particularly if an aged person
has health issues.
The health needs of the aged can vary greatly.
However, there are physiand mental changes that usually occur during old age. Aged people may need:
Education on health issues such as diabetes, athritis and heart disease so that they can manage these conditions in an informed and productive manner.
Assistance from family and friends to get medical appointments. Some have hearing difficulties and so they require someone to make medical appointments.
To be encouraged to try alternative therapies such as acupuncture, herbal medicines, naturopathy as they may be only focused on traditional methods.
Counselling, particularly if their spouse dies.
To move into residential care,
for health reasons
Many aged people are independent and healther, and therefore remain in their own homes. Some may require some assistance in which they need a carer or modifications in the house, for example, widening of doors for walkers.
Those who cannot look after themselves even with home care may need to live with relatives or move into retirement/aged care centers. This is because they provided 24 hour nursing care, personal care and accommodation support.
Safety and Security
Aged people need to have enough money to live comfortably and to feel safe in their home environment. They may need extra locks, alarm systems and sensor lights around the house since they are often targets of thefts, attacks or scams. They also require security of contact from friends and family members. A phone call each day from family or friends provide them with the assurance of security. Some can also acquire 'medi alarms' or 'panic button alarms' which notofies those surrounding when they need help and contributes to their peace of mind.
Many aged people are healthy, working and living independently, and consequently have a high self-esteem. Those who are more dependent on other, have retired or experience health issues may suffer from a lower self-esteem. It is important that the aged are involved in goal-directed hobby or joining a group or club which allows them to feel needed, useful and independent. When a person's spouse dies and they are left living on their own, they may lose some of their sense of belonging. They need supportive family and friends around as loneliness and isolation can lower self-esteem and also lead to depression.
Senior Helpers a private in-home care and support service to help the individual remain in the comfort and security of their own home, rather than need to more into other living arrangements. All services offered are tailored to suit the client's needs, and can range from one hour per week to 24/7 care if required. The service is available throughout Australia.
The core of this organisation is to ensure a better quality of life for the clients and their families, by providing dependable, affordable non-medical care
The services are non-contractual, so it is possible to stop the services at any given time
Services include companionship, errands, meal preparation and cleaning
Assigning a Senior helper for the client can be financially beneficial for family members. It is a much cheaper alternative than placing a senior in a residential care facility.
Allows the client to build independence because they're given more freedom, control and responsibility living in their own home.
The client will receive personal attention which can enhance the quality of care being given
The freedom given to the client could lead to a sense of isolation
If the caring facility do not follow law and regulations, and family members are not near to monitor the agency's staff, clients can be vulnerable to potential abuse or neglection by caregivers.
It is more difficult to handle medical emergencies at home
Although the cost of a home carer is a cheaper than a residential care facility, overtime expenses can add up which is impractical in the long run.
Moving in with family members:
Sandra could speak to her parents about allowing their grandmother to move into the same house, so all family members are able to assist in giving the adequate support she needs.
If Sandra's grandmother needs help with taking medications, Sandra or relatives can help ensure she is taking them properly
Family members can devote their time and support towards the care of the Grandparent thus enhancing their quality of life
The elderly will feel a sense of security because family members are present 24/7 to attend to their needs
Grandparents are more acceptable of this alternative because it is considered a tradition for children to care for their elderly parents
It is a cheaper option compared to assigning a caregiver or placing them in a residential care facility
Grandparents traditional values could hinder the family member's freedom thus impacting their well-being
Not all families are stable enough to support another member in the household whether it be financial or time wise
Contact the Grandmother once
each day at the Old family home:
Sandra could contact her grandmother once each day via phone call or visit her at the old family home to make conversation with her, maintain their relationship or ask her anything she is concerned about.
The contact with friends and family members provide the elderly with a sense of security and assurance that if anything happens, someone will know and care
Through constant contact, family members are able to monitor the care at the old family home to see if they are treated appropriately
It is a cost and time efficient method because it doesn't require 24/7 attention of family members
If family members do not prioritise contacting their grandparent, this could lead to a feeling of rejection or loneliness which can impact an individuals mental state
Phone calls limits the physical interaction of family members to their grandparent and can be difficult if there are barriers such as noise or bad reception which can interfere with the communication
The most appropriate alternative to solve the issue Sandra is currently facing with her grandmother would be option 2:
'Moving in with family members.'
By allowing Sandra's grandmother move in, it best solves the issue of any concerns Sandra has about her living in an old family home. This is because by having Sandra's grandmother present in their home, all family members are able to monitor and cater to any required support she may need when doing daily tasks such as bathing, eating or even communicating, and gives them a peace of mind that the grandmother is not being neglected in any way. This option is also best effective on satisfying the well-being of the grandmother because she recieves a great sense of security and safety since family members are always around to provide assurance. Also care from family members can enhance Sandra's grandmothers self-esteem due to the consistant support they can give which will contribute to her sense of belonging in the family and prevent loneliness as well as depression.
Sandra can implement this by holding a family meeting where she can introduce all informal and formal resources that can assist the family with caring for their grandmother. They can acquire financial support from government organisations such as Centrelink that offers 'Age Pension' which is an income support that helps older people have an adequate standard of living when retired. Also Sandra could research on the internet, print sources or any local support services to educate herself and the family on how to better care for her grandmother by learning the elder's specific needs. If the family is hesitant about caring for the grandmother due to time issues, Sandra could create a time schedule that assigns each family member to stay home at different times. All these strategies can counteract the disadvantages of Sandra's grandmother moving in and can persuade the family to agree with the idea to do so.
By: Wendy Le