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The Battle of Vicksburg
Transcript of The Battle of Vicksburg
The Battle of Vicksburg In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.
Battle of Vickburg began in The cost of the siege was high. The Confederates had lost almost 2,900 killed, wounded, and missing during the 48 days; more than 29,000 surrendered. The Union troops occupying Vicksburg took possession of 172 cannon and more than 60,000 muskets and rifles, many of high quality. The battle cost the attackers more than 4,900 casualties, most of them lost in the opening assaults in May.
The batlle of Vicksburg was a huge victory for the North because it was a strong Confederate base, and it essentially gave the North control of the Mississippi river. The battle also influenced Abraham Lincoln into promoting Ulysses S. Grant to the leader of the Union army.
l5WP86 • May 18 – July 4, 1863 – middle of the Civil War. May 18-July 4,1863 Warren County, Mississippi
Ulysses S. Grant Confederate Commander:
John C. Pemberton Forces Engaged:
9,091 Confederate Took place in the middle of the Civil War Estimated Casualties:
33,000 Confederate RESULT:
Union Victory When two major assaults (May 19 and May 22, 1863) against the Confederate fortifications were repulsed with heavy casualties, Grant decided to besiege the city beginning on May 25.
With no re-enforcement, supplies nearly gone, and after holding out for more than forty days, the garrison finally surrendered on July 4th.
This action yielded command of the Mississippi River to the union forces, who would hold it for the rest of the conflict. Events: At the same time there was a great National victory at Gettysburg; and July 4, 1863, was the turning point in the Civil War. Turning Point Importance to the Confederacy: It was the last major fort on the Mississippi still in Confederate hands. It remained an obstacle for Union supply shipments. Importance to the Union: Vicksburg would hold the same importance, though they already held Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, New Orleans, Memphis, Fort Donelson, New Madrid, Island No. 10, and Port Gibson on the south side of Vicksburg where smaller rivers lead around Vicksburg.
Also the North got Lt. Gen Pemberton's Army of the Mississippi to retreat to Vicksburg and surrender with the city. (That put about 33,000 men and 171 cannons out of the total Confederate fighting force) The status of this war was important because it was getting close to the end of Lincoln's first term so the status would play a huge role in whether voters would reelect Lincoln or the former Union General George P. McClellan, who was in favor of ending the war with a peace treaty and concessions to the South. The Vicksburg Battle