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Nursing 101 - Pediatrics

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Olga Gomez

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of Nursing 101 - Pediatrics

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A definition of Pediatric Nursing...
"Pediatric nurses work with patients from infancy to young adulthood, giving developmental screenings, immunizations, and treating common illnesses like chicken pox and tonsillitis. they work closely with family doctors, pediatricians and other nurses, to provide preventative as well as critical care. As a pediatric nurse, you will also teach your patients' parents and family members how to prevent childhood diseases, and about proper nutrition for growth and development" (Johnson and Johnson,2014)
Anna Haswell
(1870-1956)
Born in Dane County, WI
Pioneer nurse
Schoolteacher before deciding to become a nurse
Went to University of Wisconsin
Received her nursing cap from the Illinois Training School of Cook County at Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago
(Stokowski, 2011)
(Debra, 2012)
Anna Haswell
Thought that pediatric nursing was the most important branch
Important that the children view nurses as their friends
Be kind but firm
Wanted to make sure other nurses "do not try to deceive a child. If he finds that we have led him to believe what is false we have lost his confidence. He will not believe us next time"
(Haswell, 1907)
Anna Haswell
Caring for a child is much different from caring for an adult
Sleep and good nutrition
Provided steps on how to prepare healthy food and how to care for children without frightening them
Most important thing is to make sure children are happy
Taught nurses how to keep the children entertained
(Haswell, 1907)
Anna Haswell & The 1900s
History of Pediatrics

Anna Haswell
"The nurse who succeeds in winning the confidence and love of the children, in whatever stage of illness she is with them, has scored a large point in her success in the care of them. Let us be willing to do anything which will accomplish the greatest good for the child, and honor our profession by becoming more and more efficient in our ability to care for sick children."
(Haswell 1907)
Political Influence on Pediatric Nursing
Congress Passes Child-Labor Law: a law against child labor is passed in 1938.
Better known as the "Federal Age and Hour Law."
Working hours regulated at a 40 hour work week.
Children under 16 can't work, and minors can't work in harsh conditions
Contributes to pediatric care by eliminating that variable in child injury or strain in an adult workforce.
Children would often have an altered mental state, becoming more "adult-like" in thinking.
Large Events in the United States
Nurse Practitioner Act of 1902
Major Events in Nursing Politics
Occurred on October 21st in Rochester New York
Objective: Secure a law, which would "establish a uniform and definite basis for the practice of nursing" (Willis, 2014)
Registered Nurse is introduced as result.
Contributed to pediatric nursing by allowing nurses to specialize in a nursing practice through education.
"The nursing of young children stands out as a division of our work needing special study. We have no branch that is more important . . . Let us be willing to do anything which will accomplish the greatest good for the child, and honor our profession by becoming more and more efficient in our ability to care for sick children" -Anna Haswell
The Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921
Major Events in Nursing Politics
Provided money for states to improve maternal-child health care
Purpose: to "reduce maternal and infant mortality" (Lewis, 2014)
First Welfare program
Provided "federal matching funds" for "health clinics for women and children, hiring physicians and nurses to educate and care for pregnant mothers and their children, visiting nurses to educate and care for pregnant and new mothers, midwife training, distribution of nutrition and hygiene information" (Lewis, 2014)
Contributes to pediatric nursing by providing funds for child and maternal care. Recognizes it as a specialized practice.
The development of children’s hospitals helped pediatrics to evolve more quickly into a specialty branch of medicine and nursing due to:
opportunities for training
feelings of shared identity for staff members
research possibilites
Currently over 180 pediatric hospitals in the United States
A brief History of Pediatric Nursing
-Pediatric nursing did not develop in the United States until the second half of the nineteenth century
-Before pediatric nursing in America, children were often delivered by midwifes and were cared for with the help of their families using folk medicine
-the first children's hospital was founded in 1855 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
-the purpose of this children's hospital was to provide excellent care for its patients and to decrease childhood mortality in the United States through research (Taylor, 2006)

Works Cited
Carol Hodne, Jennifer Sherer, Robin Clark-Bennet.
Child Labor Public Education Project. 2004.11 September 2014.

Cynthia Connolly, P.R. (n.d.). Late-Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Century Pediatrics: The Development of a Specialty. Retrieved from Penn Nursing Science: http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/nhhc/Pages/Late-NineteenthandEarly-CentryPediatrics.aspx

Dave Willis, Kathleen Britton, Philip G. Maples.
The Nursing Practice Act - The Armstrong Act of 1903. 2014. 7 September 2014.

Davis, G. Megan, & Judd, Deborah, & Sitzman,
Kathleen. (2010). A History of American
Nursing Trends and Eras. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/3403501?seq=1

Debra (2012, February 22). Anna J Haswell.
Retrieved from http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-
bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=85561915Stokowski,

Haswell, Anna J. (n.d.). Nursing Young Children.
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Johnson and Johnson. (n.d.). A Day in the LIfe - Stephane (Pediatric Nurse). Retrieved from Youtube:

(Johnson and Johnson, 2014) http://www.discovernursing.com

Laura A (2011, August 10). The Demise
of the Nursing Cap. Retrieved from http://
www.medscape.com/viewarticle/747498

Lewis, Jone Johnson. About. Women's History
January 2104. 11 September 2014

(Taylor, 2006) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/BMC1246304

U.S. News Best Children's Hospitals 2014-15. (n.d.). Retrieved from U.S. News: http://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/pediatric-rankings
History continued...
-until the creation of nursing schools in actual hospitals, children were not usually admitted.
-with the rise of nursing schools in hospitals, they now had enough staff with the knowledge to provide the level of care, observation, assessment, and education that these children and their families needed.
-private duty nurses also specialized in the care of children
-nurses also were involved in providing care to children and health promotion through the public and private community health initiatives
-nurses also played a major role in the "child-saving movement" in the early twentieth century
(Taylor,2006)
Diseases of the 20th Century
Social Issues
Housing
Sanitation issues
Worry for children and women
Immigration
Influence on Today
History as Framework
Social and Political Events
Low Income Accomodations
Influence of Haswell:
Unspoken Guidelines
Nutrition
1900's-1920's:
Mary D. Osborne
Maternal & child health
Granny midwives
Clara Noyes
Promoted child welfare
Immigration from eastern Europe
Social Issues
1910:
Nursing program
nurses would work in schools.
Schools
Social Issues
Students sent home regularly
Kept home unnecessarily
Contagious diseases
Were able to eventually identify: scabies, ringworm, lice, & skin dermatitis
1912:
Wald prompts Congress to make U.S. Children's Bureau
1901:
Bubonic Plague in SF
1918: Spanish Influenza
1950: Polio
"...The Federal Government concerned itself with the conservation of material wealth, mines & forests, hogs & lobsters, and had long since established bureaus to supply information concerning them, citizens who desired instruction & guidance for the conservation & protection of the children of the nation had no responsible governmental body to which to appeal."
-Lillian Wald
(Cynthia Connolly)
(U.S News Best Children's Hospitals 2014-15)
(Cynthia Connolly)
(Johnson and Johnson)
(Judd, Sitzman, & Davis, 2010)
By: Anna Blake, Marena Helgerson, Olga Gomez, Charlee Lance, Ashley Peterson
Full transcript