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Shakespeare's Iambic Pentameter/Sonnets

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by

Raina

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of Shakespeare's Iambic Pentameter/Sonnets

Iambic Pentameter Shakespeare's Poetry My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips’ red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damask’d, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound;
I grant I never saw a goddess go;
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:
And yet, by heav’n, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare. Sonnet 130 1 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
2 Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
3 Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
4 And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
5 Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
6 And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;
7 And every fair from fair sometime declines,
8 By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d;
9 But thy eternal summer shall not fade
10 Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
11 Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
12 When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
13 So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
14 So long lives this and this gives life to thee. Shakespeare's upper class characters speak in iambic pentameter: Sonnets 14 lines in the poem syllables (or "beats") per line Rhyme Scheme a
b
a
b
c
d
c
d
e
f
e
f
g
g The heartbeat or tick-tock rhythm of iambic pentameter can be heard in the opening line of Shakespeare's Sonnet 12: abuse
begin
control
declare
engulf
ferment
giraffe
harass
inside
lacrosse
mistake
neglect
obey
perhaps
quiesce
resist
suppose
tonight
unless
vaccine
within
xylene
yourself
Zaire 154 10 Do you know what this is? A metronome!
Musicians use this to keep the beat.
You have a metronome right inside your chest... Using two fingers,
find your pulse on your neck or wrist. What's the sound? da DUM, da DUM, da DUM The "da DUM" of a human heartbeat is the most common example of an iambic rhythm.
2 syllables – first one is soft, second one is heavy Shakespeare used five of these iams
(or, two-syllable beats) in each line of his sonnets. This is called "two-syllable (soft/heavy) step" "penta = five" "meter = feet/steps" So, Shakespeare's backbeat is:
da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM Go ahead and clap it out.
You know you want to. When I do count the clock that tells the time when I do COUNT the CLOCK that TELLS the TIME Notice: Every second syllable is the heavier one.
This makes the entire line iambic.
Since there are five of these groupings, it's iambic pentameter. Single words and small phrases can be iambic trapeze
fall down
go boom
get up
again Ex: MORE IAMBIC WORDS From A to Z Total number of sonnets
Shakespeare wrote a
b
a
b
c
d
c
d
e
f
e
f
g
g Sonnet 18 So, that one was the most famous, but this one is the most fun.
As I read it aloud, see if you can glean the meaning... da DUM da DUM da DUM As English speakers, we know
which syllable to emphasize.
We say trapEEZE not TRAAPeze How happy some o'er other some can be!
Through Athens I am thought as fair as she.
But what of that? Demetrius thinks not so;
He will not know what all but he do know. His lower class
characters do not: I grant you, friends, if you should fright the ladies out of their wits, they would have no more discretion but to hang us: but I will aggravate my voice so, that I will roar you as gently as any suckling dove; I will roar you an’t were any nightingale. a
b
a
b
c
d
c
d
e
f
e
f
g
g
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