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MUS 122 - Verdi and Wagner

Prezi 7
by

Michael Sundblad

on 2 February 2016

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Transcript of MUS 122 - Verdi and Wagner

Richard Wagner (1813-1883)
(divides music history in two)

Largely self-taught
Important conductor
Wagner,
Music Drama

Guiseppe Verdi (1813-1901)
Northern Italy, poverty
Pianist, organist, composer
Verdi & Italian Opera
Libretto – text of opera, often written by a librettist (not the composer)
Terminology
Musical theatre, entertainment
Evolves from 400 years history
Greek drama
“Uses human voice to project basic emotions…
with an elemental force”
Romantic opera
Melody!
Thought melody “most immediate expression of human feeling”
Primarily tragedies
Verdi’s music
VS.
Romantic Opera
No separate sections
(arias, duets, choruses)
Continuous (Endless) Melody
Style
National styles:
Italy - bel canto
Germany - Music Drama
France - Grand Opera
Aria – solo “song” in an opera-Emotional, dramatic
Recitative – like sung dialogue
Rapid, talky, generally unmelodious music
Ensembles – duets, trios, etc.
Choruses
Marries at 23
by 28, children & wife died
National hero - Italy against Austrian rule
Viva Verdi!
Seat in Parliament
28 operas, dies at 87!
Rigoletto
Story -Duke, Rigoletto, Gilda
"La donna mobile"
Tenor aria, strophic, famous tune!
Quartet 
La Traviata
Operas
Wrote own libretti - unify drama and music
Subjects: medieval lore, nature, supernatural
Gesamtkunstwerk
Complete-art-work
Uniting the best of music, drama, poetry, staging.
Orchestra is the focal point: Leitmotif
Leading motives - recurring themes that represent people, objects, thoughts
https://wwnorton.com/college/music/ilg/ENJ_12/VerdiRigolettoAudio.html#
Beijing (Peking) Opera
"The Story of the Red Lantern"
Political; Cultural Revolution
Japanese occupation 1920s-1930s
https://wwnorton.com/common/mplay/6.11/?p=/college/music/enjoyment-of-music12/audio/&f=ChineseOperaRedLantern&ft=mp3&a=0&s=bt&cdn=1
Full transcript