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MUS 122 - Verdi and Wagner
Transcript of MUS 122 - Verdi and Wagner
(divides music history in two)
Guiseppe Verdi (1813-1901)
Northern Italy, poverty
Pianist, organist, composer
Verdi & Italian Opera
Libretto – text of opera, often written by a librettist (not the composer)
Musical theatre, entertainment
Evolves from 400 years history
“Uses human voice to project basic emotions…
with an elemental force”
Thought melody “most immediate expression of human feeling”
No separate sections
(arias, duets, choruses)
Continuous (Endless) Melody
Italy - bel canto
Germany - Music Drama
France - Grand Opera
Aria – solo “song” in an opera-Emotional, dramatic
Recitative – like sung dialogue
Rapid, talky, generally unmelodious music
Ensembles – duets, trios, etc.
Marries at 23
by 28, children & wife died
National hero - Italy against Austrian rule
Seat in Parliament
28 operas, dies at 87!
Story -Duke, Rigoletto, Gilda
"La donna mobile"
Tenor aria, strophic, famous tune!
Wrote own libretti - unify drama and music
Subjects: medieval lore, nature, supernatural
Uniting the best of music, drama, poetry, staging.
Orchestra is the focal point: Leitmotif
Leading motives - recurring themes that represent people, objects, thoughts
Beijing (Peking) Opera
"The Story of the Red Lantern"
Political; Cultural Revolution
Japanese occupation 1920s-1930s