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Into The Boom - 1920s Canada

Canadian Culture in the 1920s
by

Martin MacNeil

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Into The Boom - 1920s Canada

Into the Boom
Canada in the 1920s

Technology
Entertainment
& Nightlife

Fashion
Sports
Prohibition
Helped bring Canadians together
following the war.
All efforts that were put into war
technology could now go into
consumer goods.
Radio
Radio stations began popping up across Canada
Canadians could tune in and listen to
news
,
music
and
stories
Sitting down to catch a sports game or listen into a story became a social activity for Canadians of all ages
Telephone
Automobiles
Planes
Insulin
Throughout the 20s Autos overtook horse and buggy for the preferred method of transportation
You could get into a new Auto for the low price of
$250 - $500
depending on make and model
Travel times for the average family were reduced allowing for families to visit more regularly
Passenger planes carrying business men and vactioners became the norm
Canadians could now
travel coast to coast in under a day
as compared to the almost week long trek by train
Canadians could now keep in touch without the mail system
Early phones connected to a central
switchboard
where employees would manually connect you to the person you were calling
Sir Frederick Banting revolutionized the medical field with the discovery of insulin
His 1923 discovery insured
diabetes
sufferers around the world could lead a better, longer life
Banting remains the youngst person to win a Nobel prize
Percy Williams
Fanny 'Bobbie' Rosenfeld
Edmonton Grads
Lionel Conacher
Nicknamed Bobbie for
her hair style
at
the 1928 Summer Olympics
A Gold and Silver medalist at the games,
Bobbie became the Top Female Athlete of
the First Half of the 20th Century
Percy Williams was a double (
two
) Gold medal winner at the 1928 olympics
After his wins he was adored by Canadians, and even had a chocolate bar named in his honour
He was named Canada's greatest Track and Field Athlete in 1972
Lionel '
The Big Train
' Conacher was recognized as Canada's Top Athlete of the First Half of the 20th Century
A multi-sport athlete, Conacher won numerous championships: 2 time Stanley Cup Champ, 1 time Memorial Cup Champ, 1 time Grey Cup Champ and many more
He was inducted into
4
sports hall of fames, and The Canadian Press male athlete of the year is named in his honour
The gals graduated from the same Edmonton High School in 1915 and played together until 1940
They have a record of 502 - 20 (96%) which remains as
the best record for any North American team
They swept every olympic match from 1924 - 1936, winning 27 straight games while outscoring their opponents 1863 - 297
With concentration no longer focused on the war, Canadians found interest in the sporting world
Canadians were flocking to
cinema houses
(theatres) to partake in the emerging moving picture technology
With rationing and censorship out of the way Canadians could partake in the emerging nightlife social scene
In the decade prior to the war Women's Fashion was fairly
conservative
Charlie Chaplin
Mary Pickford
Charlie Chaplin gained world wide fame for his silent films
His character '
The Tramp
' remains one of the best known characters in film history
He co-founded United Artists with Canadian Actress Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford is recognized as one of the first '
Sweethearts
' of the film industry
Canadian born, she began her career in theatre in Toronto before moving to Los Angeles to further her career
She co-founded
United Artists
with silent film star Charlie Chaplin
Pickford is remembered as a pioneer of the film industry
Dance Clubs
New musical genres began filling music halls across Canada
Big Band
,
Jazz
and
Swing
with its up beat tempo and live performance entranced Canadians
Dances like the Fox Trot and the Charleston became popular.
Following the war a liberalisation of Women's Fashion took place
Hem lines were risen
,
arms were exposed
,
hair was shortened
and with these changes came a change in attitude
Flapper
A young women of the 1920s that broke social norms by
smoking
,
drinking
,
using foul language
,
engaging in promiscuous behaviour
and overall un-lady like behaviour.
Alcohol cosumption had been increasing with urbanisation.
At the turn of the century it is estimated that Toronto had one bar for every
150
people, and Montreal had one bar for every
70
people
A push was under way to see that alcohol was prohibited
The WCTU, or
Womens Christian Temperance Union
, lobbied various Provincial and the Federal government for their cause.
The WCTU cited
declining morals
,
spousal abuse
,
squandering of family money
and overall decline in society as reasons for Prohibition.
The WCTU was successful, and this was what they hoped for...
Prohibition in Canada began in
PEI in 1901
. Remaining Provinces followed suit in the next 15 years
Alcohol was seized by police and
held in evidence
, or in many cases was
dumped on site
.
In reality prohibition was more like this
As Canada was eliminating Prohibtion, the
US
was enacting it, leading to a dependence on Canadian liquor in the US.
Seeing that Prohibition was not effective, many provinces repealed the law, the last being
PEI
in
1948
.
Bootleggers were
men that brought alcohol fom Canada into the US.
The most infamous of these organised bootleggers was
Alphonse Gabriel Capone
, or
Al Capone
He ran the
Chicago
Outfit from the early 1920s until his arrest in 1931
Full transcript