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Social and Political Philosophy
Transcript of Social and Political Philosophy
what do you follow? recap: Kant:
Rationale and Logic "The individual became the heart of knowledge production...the individual disappeared" Rawls:
"The Original Position"
Rational Thinking "the individuals somehow exist before communities and...they enter a "social contract" when they form communities and societies." What do you think about Social and Political Philosophy? Liberalism vs.Communitarianism emphasis on the community -
how the individuals are developed within it, and
what each individal owes the community - liberty and equality What's wrong
with this? The rights of the individual have gone too far making it difficult to talk about the community. People are NEVER strictly logical! Though 'not' utilitarian...it strips people of their identifiable social characteristics and reduces them to utilities. Dewy Content of study is secondary
to the method of inquiry and level of thought envoked in its pursuit. "The mind is an entirely a dynamic affair, and "intelligence s hould be applied to doings, not to some unseen and stable capacity." In other words: children can pursue subjects/topics that THEY are interested in. Why might this be? Why might this be? Why might this be? Why might this be? Also "The difference Principle"
we seek equality, but accept the necessary inequalities that benefit the greater society...in other words, we want as much equality as we can get as long as it does not require equal misery. and
"when a substantial part of the population is content
social change is very hard to effect" Are children who live and learn in slums deprived of basic liberty? YES! Why can this notion be difficult to discuss or debate? Because... "if people are not motivated
to care for these children simply upon hearing the story of their plight, it is doubtful that any argument will move them" The unfair distribution of wealth is obvious. could we say to children in slums, "this is all you deserve"? Care Advocating Advocating Care conditions (not spending) demonstrate inequality!
we must do for all what we would do for our own!
not for better reading and math, but because we accept responsibility and because we care! *don't leave out the importance of family involvement* "children need to know that someone will listen to them and care what happens to them"
-Buber What are your thoughts? RE: Same Treatment
"...if we are concerned with "really equal treatment", ...we must base a curriculum on a recognition of those differences that empower and depower our students in identifiable ways."
-Apple Relationships are at the heart of education as each child longs for the world to be present to him or her through communion.
"The child lying with half-closed eyes, waiting with tense soul for its mother to speak to it-the mystery of its will is not directed towards enjoying (or dominating) a person, or towards doing something of its own accord; but towards experiencing communion in the face of the lonely night, which spreads beyond the window and threatens to invade."
-Buber 'Meaningful Equality' is still an ideology.
"The best the school today can do (and society seems unwilling to support even this) is to provide adequate facilities for all children, long-term caring relationships that support intellectual development, and differentiated curricula nonhierarchically designed. Given the preceding analysis, we can find many reasons to predict that these measures are unlikely to be adopted." Thanks for participating. Do these work? But there is more to consider!