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Spanish Colonization

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Satoshi Seth

on 25 August 2015

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Transcript of Spanish Colonization

Of Colonization
We Spaniards know a sickness of the heart that only gold can cure.

European Perceptions of Native Americans
Political and Religious Factors
Ideals of Community
-The Spaniards wanted more wealth
This was the initial reason for colonization

- They wanted power. This was primarily gained through conquering land.

-The Spaniards wanted slaves to do the jobs no one else wanted to do and they needed slaves to carry ammunition and food when on conquest for more land





It is the quote of king Ferdinand
“with the help of God we shall use force against you, declaring war upon you from all sides and with all possible means, and we shall bind you to the yoke of the Church and Their Highness; we shall enslave your persons, wives, and sons, sell you or dispose of you as the King sees fit; we shall seize your possessions and harm you as much as we can as disobedient and resisting vassals.”



The main thing that the spanish wanted from new Spain where resources for the mother colony (Spain) so that's why they weren't concern in taking care of the environment or preserving the native culture. that's why when the spanish found Gold and silver (the main resources they were looking for) they melted it all down into rods for better transport, by doing so they destroyed a great amount of culture. Another thing they were looking for was space. since Spain was not a huge country. New Spain provided with all the space the spanish needed to farm. The spanish farmed a lot of things like sugar and cocoa.
Some Spanish people settled and build cities like Mexico City that was build on top at the great Aztec city of Tenochtitlan.


$49.9
Monday, February 17, 1610
Vol I, No. 101
Social Structure

Like in most colonies the europeans were on top of the social structure. After them came the “Mestizos” they were a from a european father but a native mother. Since they had a european father they were not the lowest in the social structure but the were still discriminated. Third came the “mulattoes” they had european fathers but african mothers and last where the slaves who were usually black people brought from Africa to work in the fields.
The natives were not always part of the colony so they are not in the social structure but sometimes natives worked for the spanish, if that was the case they had to be paid fairly. (they where higher than slaves)


DAILY COLONY
Religious Development

The spanish enforced the christian (catholic) faith on the natives, since the interpreted that as the right thing to do. For that reason the spanish destroyed everything related to pagan religion and killed the natives that refused to convert. through out the spanish rule over new Spain many missionaries come to work with the natives and evangelize them. Missionaries came from many groups of the catholic faith including Franciscans, Dominicans and Jesuits.
These missionaries had a great impact in culture since they educated the natives and cared for them. After three centuries of spanish reign over Mexico
the missionaries build about 12000 churches.
Relationship With the Natives
Spanish Colonization

Timeline
By San(Dragon), Javier & Satoshi.
They seamed to have varying views
Hernan Cortez and his men.
One of Cortezes men wrote "She(Doña Marina) was a princess.....as her appearance and bearing clearly shows."

Obviously they had diferent views about Doña Marina because it was fairly likely that she was just a sex object to Hernan Cortez(She gave birth to Cortez's child.

Some thought that the Natives could be regal others thought of them as object.
Capital of the Aztec empire
Tenochtitlán
Tenochtitlán Astounded Cortez
and his men.
Cortez wrote that, "it[the market] is twice as big as that of Salamanca[in Spain], with arcades all around where more than 60,000 people coming today to buy and sell"

Despite this, Cortez and his men still ended
up sacking the city and filling in the beautiful
water ways arround the city. Even though
they viewed the city as beautiful they did not
value the city more than they did wealth.
There were rumers of 7 cities
of unimaginable wealth. After the
discovery of Tenochtitlán the Spaniards were sure that these cities were in the new world.
Rich? Real
The spanish colonizers
thought that the nativs
were filthy rich
There were rumers of 7 sities of unimaginable
wealth. After the discovery of Tenochtitlán the spaniards were sure that these cities were in the new world.
In response to these rumors the governor of New Spain
Sent 2 men to look for the cities of gold. On their expeditions
Estaban and Fray Marcos, the 2 men heard of a city named Ceuola
which they thought was Cibola, one of the 7 cities of gold.

The Spaniards thought that the natives of Ceuola(Cibola) cooked their food in gold pots. However they never found a city like this. Ceuola turned out to be a small village.
Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand viewed the people of New Spain as their subjects. This included all of the natives.
For example the Queen made a law for the benefit of her subjects. She outlawed excessive bathing because she thought that taking baths was unhealthy.
The Spaniards essentially saw the natives
as children that needed guidance and as an opportunity to get wealthy and gain power.
of the New World
At first, the Spaniards were treated as special (the natives thought they were gods). Interaction between spanish and native were fine. They talked and made alliance. Then the Spaniards took gold from the native. The natives were terrified of the Spaniards. this made their civilization weak. The Spaniards used this fear to defeat the natives.


Throughout the Spanish colonization, the Spanish found many different natives tribes, some became allies with them and other fought back. Many expedition failed due to native resistance. The Spanish found much resistance in North America where the natives used guerrilla warfare.
bibliography:
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/amerbegin/settlement/text4/OvandoHispaniola.pdf

The book

http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/amerbegin/settlement/text5/BenavidesFranciscanReport.pdf

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3573

http://missions.arizona.edu/en/history

http://www.shmoop.com/spanish-colonization/timeline.html

http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/25447

https://www.classzone.com/net_explorations/U4/U4_article5.cfm

http://nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/745

http://discoveringbristol.org.uk/slavery/routes/places-involved/south-america/Spain-slavery-contract/
Important missionaries
Oct 12, 1492
Columbus arrived at the Bahamas.

Nov 8, 1519
Hernan Cortez captured Tenochtitlan
(and conquers the aztec empire).

1513
Ponce de Leon discovered Florida.

1532
Pizarro invaded Peru.

1540
Francisco Vázquez went in search for the seven golden cities.

May 14, 1607
James town was founded.

1609
Santa Fe was founded (capital of new Mexico).



Fray Pedro de Gante, one of the first missionaries in the new world, he was a great educator.

Bartolomé de Las Casas, he was the bishop of Chiapas, he fought for the legal rights of the natives.

Fray Toribio de Benavente, self-sacrificing who protected the natives. He wrote "Historia de los Indios"

Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, wrote about the Aztec empire and he preserved knowledge that could have been lost.
Hernan Cortez

-They thought that native american’s religion is wrong.

-Dislike their ceremony. there are only one God. They thought that natives needed to follow rule of church.

During colonization,
The Spaniards spread their own culture
They removed their religious ceremony.

At the first, The natives had same power. When on the same power footing as the Spaniards the Native were respectful, in contrast to many of the Spaniards. Later, the Spaniards started to implement their military force. They changed everything about the natives, even the culture and architecture. The relationship between the natives became that of slaver and slave.

Sometime without Promtting the spanish would attack the natives



GOLD
"The base of power"
King Ferdinand said
“with the help of God we shall use force against you, declaring war upon you from all sides and with all possible means, and we shall bind you to the yoke of the Church and Their Highness; we shall enslave your persons, wives, and sons, sell you or dispose of you as the King sees fit; we shall seize your possessions and harm you as much as we can as disobedient and resisting vassals.”




-The Spaniards thought that the religion of the natives was wrong. So the colonized and took over to make everyone a christian


Religious reasons for Colonization
"The Sword and the cross were not so different" Christianity was almost just another weapon to conquer the natives.
PERCEPTION
Case study
City perception
Skewed Perception
Ideals of community were almost rendered non-existent by their lust for power.
However...........
Certain people Did have ideals for the community
Fray Pedro de Gante, was one of the first missionaries in the new world, he was a great educator. He had the ideals for people to have at least basic education.

Bartolomé de Las Casas was the bishop of Chiapas, He wanted for the natives to be more equal with the spaniards. he fought for the legal rights of the natives.

Fray Toribio de Benavente, self-sacrificing who protected the natives. He wrote "Historia de los Indios"

Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, wrote about the Aztec empire and he preserved knowledge that could have been lost. He cared about more than gold.
Spaniard
mestizo
Mulatto
Natives
Black african american slaves
Intercontinental perceptions
Relationship with the natives
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