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Water Intoxication - Hypoatremia
Transcript of Water Intoxication - Hypoatremia
Hypoatremia Potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside safe limits by over-hydration. Signs & Symptoms Early detection is crucial to prevent severe hypoatremia, which can lead to seizures, coma, and death.
First observable symptoms:
Other symptoms include:
Changes in mental state and psychotic symptoms.
Causes Consuming too much water.
Water Intoxication can be from water drinking contests or having long bouts of intensive exercise during which electrolytes are not properly replenished, yet huge amounts of fluid are still consumed Diagnosis Prevention Water intoxication can be prevented if a person's intake of water does not grossly exceed his or her losses. Treatment Some mild conditions remain asymptomatic and require only fluid restriction.
Treatments for more severe conditions include Diuretics to increase urination. Epidemiology