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Kelly Ries

on 14 November 2014

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Transcript of Recyclying

what is recycling
More than keeping paper and plastic bottles out of your garbage.

Process that includes collecting a wide range of recyclable materials, processing them into raw materials and then manufacturing the raw materials into new products.

40,000 trees could be saved
if all morning newspapers in the U.S. were recycled for one day.
up to
150,000 trees could be saved
if as few as 100,000 people put themselves on a
Do Not Mail list
to stop receiving junk mail
Benefits of Recycling

natural resources
such as timber, water, and minerals;
Reduces the amount of waste
sent to landfills and incinerators;
Prevents pollution
by reducing the need to collect new raw materials; Saves energy;
Reduces greenhouse gas emissions
that contribute to global climate change;
create new well-paying jobs
in the recycling and manufacturing industries in the United States.

Making recycled raw materials takes less energy than processing the original raw materials:

of the energy usually used to make aluminum from raw materials
less energy
less energy
less energy
less energy
Paying to Recycle
Some communities pay directly for their recycling
Every ton of
made from recycled materials saves
17 trees
about 450 gallons of oil
about 7 gallons of water.
That can result to distortion in the cost comparisons of recycling and dumping in landfills
Some local governments help pay the fees for everything that goes into recycling

The government money will come from the tax payers
Depletion Cost
Eliminated cost that goes with disposal that will be avoided in the future

For an example landfill depletion, usually a new landfill cost more than an old one
Avoiding future costs will actually help lower the cost of recycling
Save the Trees
saving the non-renewable resource
The polyethylene used in the production of plastic bags comes from petroleum, a non-renewable resource. Therefore, in addition to reducing unsightly, potentially damaging litter and solid waste in landfills,
recycling plastic bags saves 11 barrels of oil per ton of bags recycled
materials that can
be recycled
1. Aluminum




5.Cooking Oils
materials that can be recycled


8.Cardboard Boxes

9.CDs/DVDs/Game Disks

materials that can be recycled
10. Clothes

11. Compact Fluorescent bulbs

12. Computers and electronics

13. Exercise videos
Every ton of
that is recycled saves the equivalent of 1,000 to 2,000 of gasoline.
Cost of cleaning up wastes and limiting emissions usually are passed on to the consumer
Recycling helps keep pollution low and reduces long term costs

After all the factors are weighed in recycling is the most efficient and economical way
History of Recycling
Recycling dates back to as early as 400 BC
Romans would recycle their bronze coins into statues
Archaeologist also deduced from waste remains were found in times of distress

This is from widespread illnesses and war so a lot of materials were reused
Pre- Industrial Times
Recycling was a common practice
Before mass production flooded the market
In Europe the bronze and other materials were collected to be melted down for perpetual reuse
The British would use dust and ash from wood and coal fires would be down-cycle as a base for brick making
Industrial Times
Major turn in recycling

Became cheaper and easier to produce goods making it easier and often times cheaper to throw items away
During economic slumps people would start recycling again like The Great Depression
Word War II
Another major turning point
Finical constraints, massive material shortages made recycling a must
In many countries campaigns pop
After the war recycling was basically forgotten in the USA
Land filling was cheaper
1970s recycling became even more popular because of the rise of energy costs
In the 1960s started the environmental movement
The universal symbol for recycling was created by Gary Anderson
In the 70s Rose Rowan started towing a recycling trailer behind a waste management vehicle
This innovation allowed for curbside recycling
You may believe that recycling is only a good thing but that is a very large misconception. Nothing in this world only has a positive outcome, in fact recycling can do just as much harm to are environment as not recycling at all.
Woodbury, New Jersey was the first city to start recycling
Any type of impurities or toxins on the orignal material usually will make it through the recycling process and end up in the new product.
Most of the time we don't know something is contaminated until its too late.
Hundreds of buildings in Taiwan were made from recycled steel and we recently discovered they are contaminated and giving people gamma radiation poisoning.
This is not only harmful to are atmosphere but also to the human body.
Recycling produces polution
Its from the simple fact of the exhaust blowing out of recycling trucks or as big as the energy used at a recycling plants.
179,000 recycling and garbage trucks were on the road in 2009 and each one of those trucks contains over three dozen airborne toxins, not to mention all the fossil fuel they use.
One plant in Washington Sate produces more toxic emissions than any other factory in the region, the next three biggest polluters are recycling plants as well.
The waste being put into the atmosphere is actually being increased by people trying to recycle.
There is no truly efficient way of recycling.
Recycled paper
All paper that is recycled gets mixed together into something called a pulp, after that the paper is washed, cleaned. and pressed into to new sheets of paper.
The wasted paper fibers, inks, cleaning chemicals, and dyes are filtered out and either burned or sent to landfills.
Tens of thousands of tons are thrown away each year.
Recyclable plastics
There are about seven different types of plastic you will encounter in your day to day life, but there is only two of them that can be recycled.
Any plastic that cant be recycled gets thrown straight into a landfill.
A lot of the time plastic that shouldnt will slip through and you can end up with chemicals like BPA in your plastic.
Not only is recycling actually hurting are environment but it can also cause a lot of harm to the human body.
Oil is a major pollutant, so it makes sense to try to recycle used oil back into something useful.
recycling creates even more toxic chemicals in the process.
Treatment centers use a process known as acid-clay to remove impurities from oil, but it leaves you with a toxic sluge.
The official method to get rid of toxic waste is to burn it, relasing chemicals like nitric oxide and sulfur dioxide into the air.
why is recycling important
Recycling helps extend the life and usefulness of something that has already severed its purpose.
Recycling of paper can reduce the number of trees that have to be cut down for new paper.
Anything that comes from are environment should be recycled, by doing this it will reduce the amount of products being taken from are enviroment.
It takes less energy to recycle old materials than create new ones.
Saving energy allows for less pollution to be emitted.
By recycling i helps lessen the amount of waste that goes to landfills.
There are organizations out there that will pay you for recyclables.

14. Eyeglasses

15.Ink/toner cartridges

16. Phones

17. Tooth brushes and Razors

materials that can be recycled
the recycling process
Step 1-The material is collected and transported to a plant
Step 2- The material gets inspected and sorted
Step 3- The material is chopped up and washed with a solution
Step 4- The material is now made into a new product that can be reused.
1,643 ponds of trash generated per person in the US.
In the past year, 32% of this waste was recycled, a rate that has doubled in the past 15 years.
Some 86% of Americans have access to curbside or drop-off recycling. Participation is high but could be higher.
More Facts
Schools and businesses are less likely to recycle
Greater compliance would help collectors make money, because fast-growing countries like China want to buy more wastepaper as inexpensive raw material.
See It, Sort It
Sensors in the first automated sorting machines identify primarily the color of the paper passing on a conveyor, allowing it to separate different types of bags.
Other sensors are being made that can distinguish between the black and white of office documents and of newsprint as well as the differences in gloss among consumer packaging.
American Recycling
Recycling in the Us continues to grow, we have a long way to catch up to European countries

In most of the US, the public must transport their waste to a centralized location, such as a municipal hazardous waste site to ensure the material is recycled.

Others collect recyclables at curbside, but is limited to certain products such as certain plastics, aluminum cans, newspaper, and cardboard.
Accesible Collection Sites
1. Site is open to the public
2.the hours of operation are flexible
3.Proximity of the site to the waste generators

5. The consuming public
Factors that must be considered...
American Waste
Americans throw away 2.5 million plastic bottles a year
every three months Americans throw enough aluminum in landfills to build our nations entire commercial air fleet
-Americans throw away enough office paper each year to build a 12 ft wall from Seattle to NY
More tan 28 billion glass bottles and jars end up in landfills every year. Equivalent to filling up two Empire State buildings every three weeks
Over 90% of all products shipped in the Us are shipped in corrugated cardboard, which totals to more than 400 billion sq ft of cardboard
Food Waste-
Almost half of the food in the us goes to waste, approximately 3,000 lbs per second
lectronic waste-
Totals 2% of all the waste stream in the US
Full transcript