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OBLIGATIONS & RESPONSIBILITIES OF CITIZENS
Transcript of OBLIGATIONS & RESPONSIBILITIES OF CITIZENS
* Obey laws
WHAT DOES A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN LOOK LIKE?
* Evaluate the obligations citizens have to obey laws, pay taxes, defend the nation, and serve on juries.
* Experience the responsibilities of citizens at the local, state, or federal levels.
• Students will distinguish between an obligation or duty and a responsibility as it
relates to citizenship. Responsibilities may include, but are not limited to, voting,
attending civic meetings, petitioning government, and running for office.
• Students will recognize the concept of the common good as a rationale
for fulfilling the obligations and/or responsibilities of citizenship.
• Students will evaluate the obligations and/or responsibilities of citizens
as they relate to active participation in society and government.
• Students will examine the significant contributions of citizens to a democratic
• Students will use scenarios to assess specific obligations of citizens.
• Students will identify the consequences or predict the outcome on society of
citizens who do not fulfill their citizenship responsibilities.
• Students will evaluate the impact of civic participation on society, government, or
the political process.
beliefs or actions that are seen as a benefit to the larger community rather than individual interests. Common good can also be called the public good.
At home or at school are there tasks you are required to do and activities you should do that benefit the whole family or school group?
Do you think there are tasks that you are required to do and should do to benefit the city you live in or to benefit the entire country?
an obligation is a duty or something
that is required for a citizen to do
a responsibility is something a citizen should do
Citizens and non-citizens alike are obligated to obey laws whether they agree with them or not. Citizens and non-citizens who choose not to obey the laws may be prosecuted for their crimes; non-citizens who choose not to obey the laws may also be deported.
* PAY TAXES
Taxes support government functions. Legislatures and chief executives enact tax laws the same as they do other laws. The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution allows Congress to impose an income tax
* DEFEND THE NATION
Swear allegiance to support and defend the U.S. Constitution and the laws of the United States against all enemies.
* SELECTIVE SERVICE
Selective service is a system by which men (both citizens and resident aliens) ages 18 through 25 register with the U.S. government for military service.
* SERVE ON JURIES
The sixth amendment of the U.S. Constitution provides for a trial by jury in most cases as follows:
“In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district where in the crime shall have been committed…”
Citizens who have reached the age of majority may be called upon to serve on juries.
Citizens have a responsibility for selecting public officials who will represent their interests in government.
* ATTENDING CIVIC MEETINGS
Civic meetings are ways for citizens to be active participants in their government. Interest groups, political parties, candidates for public office, religious organizations, the media and public officials hold civic meetings in order to inform and learn from the public.
* PETITIONING GOVERNMENT
The right of individuals to come together with others and collectively express, promote, pursue and defend common interests is guaranteed by the 1st Amendment.
The right of individuals to express themselves must be balanced against the need to maintain public order.
People are protected when they bring to the government’s attention their unresolved concerns, provide information to political leaders about unpopular policies and issues, and expose government misconduct.
* RUNNING FOR OFFICE
“...the role of citizens in our democracy does not end with your vote. America’s never been about what can be done for us; it’s about what can be done by us together.”
-- President Obama
Pretend that you are now 18 years old and you have just arrived home from school or work and you receive this in the mail.
What is this asking you to do? How do you know?
Are you required or obligated to show up?
Is there a consequence if you do not show up? How do you know?
If everyone receiving a jury summons decided not to show up for jury duty, what would be the impact on the people who are on trial?
What does it mean to actively participate in something? Can you be a member or participant of something but not active?
Can you think of any examples of this at school?
Are there clubs or groups you are a member of but you don’t actively participate?
1. Which example of political participation has the highest percentage of participants?
2. Why do you think more people have signed a petition than sent a letter to the editor of a newspaper or magazine?
3. What does this tell you about participation versus active participation?
4. What do you think would happen if more people chose to participate in any of these categories?
5. How can participation impact society, government or the political process?
ANALYZE & DISCUSS