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Using technology to transform lives

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Oxfam Policy & Practice

on 19 April 2016

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Transcript of Using technology to transform lives

Using technology to transform lives
Oxfam's ICT in Programme
Partnering with Visa for cash
Since the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan, Oxfam in the Philippines has been looking for ways to improve the efficiency, security, transparency and speed of aid distribution to disaster-affected communities. This has led to a partnership with Visa and others from the private sector. Between December 2014 and April 2015 Oxfam distributed 2,700 pre-paid visa cards through which $188,023 USD were transferred to vulnerable households.
WASH through mobile
This public health promotion project reached 100,000 phone users in education on polio and cholera prevention and control. It also supported the distribution of Non food items using vouchers sent to beneficiaries on phones.
The overall objective: To reduce WASH related mortality and morbidity of vulnerable communities in Mogadishu and Afgoye district through a cost effective integrated WASH & Health education based on a mobile phone application.
Transforming cash with mobile money

Oxfam is working with Tigo - a mobile money service in Guatemala - to distribute aid using mobile money to people in the areas of the country most affected by malnutrition.

1000 families were engaged in cash for work, having access to cash that served during the most critical period of the drought. Response to the humanitarian crises caused by the meteorological drought and the earthquake in Chiquimula, Baja Verapaz and San Marcos in Guatemala
Participatory multimedia
This research project seeks to test a MEL approach that will allow women’s voices and perspectives on change to be documented, analyzed and integrated into project management and learning.

The project will test the use of mobile phones (used by partner organization staff) in gathering multimedia-based input and data (audio, video, images and text) from and with women and men who are involved in the RECALL project in Northern Bangladesh. Through the project, we aim to learn more about how mobile technology can be used for monitoring, accountability and learning - beyond quantitative surveys.

mNutrition and WECARE
Oxfam is one of the members of the consortium that has been selected as the Global Content Partner for an M-Nutrition programme. This programme is funded by DFID and NORAD, and managed by GSMA.

The programme is taking place over 3 years in 13 different countries in Sub Saharan Africa and Asia (Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Bangladesh) and will have 3 different types of services: M-Agri specific services (with a market approach for behavioural change), M-Health services, and M-Nutrition Services.

The baseline and endline for the We-Care and mNutrition programmes were conducted digitally using SurveyCTO software.
Effectiveness reviews
Oxfam have been digitalising their effectiveness reviews around the world which are regular monitoring and evaluation surveys. In Armenia - just one example - the team used a mobile survey tool called SurveyCTO to carry out the data collection for an impact evaluation study.
The project being evaluated was "Women's Economic Empowerment in Rural communities of Vayots Dzor region" which aimed to increase household income and promote women's economic empowerment.
Handwashing research
Oxfam is using Mobenzi - a mobile data collection tool to capture quantitative data as part of a piece of research into handwashing practices in both Pakistan and the Philippines.
Internet Now
An Oxfam project seeking to improve people’s lives across 100 communities in northern Uganda. Internet Now! computer centres create employment for young people, aged 18 - 30, through microwork, a specialised form of business process outsourcing. They also give access to an agricultural commodity platform, and other services, all driven by specially designed information technology
Remote water point monitoring
The objective of this project is to develop a real-time, web-based drought monitoring system. Data is collected by mobile phone, transmitted by mobile network (SMS or data network) to a web-based monitoring/mapping system that is being developed by the United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO).

This will lead to the development of a time-series of key data related to water usage patterns (supply & demand) in chronically drought affected areas, to be used to develop (improved) trigger levels for drought response activities. All analysis completed thru web-based algorithm; no need for data entry or analysis by Oxfam staff.
Radio drama offers the potential to deliver critical information to those who need it most across vast geographic distances via compelling, entertaining rogramming. In Haiti, Oxfam and partners are developing a radio drama called TIM TIM to change and influence knowledge, attitudes and behaviours amongst its target communities.

TIM TIM covers four main themes of Oxfam's programme in North Haiti and the risky practices associated with these issues, including: the ongoing cholera epidemic lack of basic nutritional knowledge and hazardous practices amongst expecting and new mothers and their infants, high rates of violence (including physical, sexual and economical) against women and girls deterioration and destruction of natural resources making the area one of the most exposed in the country. By introdcuing text messaging the presenters are able to hear back from listeners and integrate their comments into the radio shows

Humanitarian ICTs
The Scaling Humanitarian ICTs Network (SHINE) is a multi country programme funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation (Sida) where Oxfam are exploring how ICTs can add value to activities throughout the humanitarian project cycle. In Ethiopia (one of five countries) Last Mile Mobile Solutions (LMMS) - a digital beneficiary information and distribution management system is being successfully deployed in two locations.

After a training workshop in Ethiopia, mobile data collection training participants fed back saying, "Using mobile surveys makes life easier for me" and "Mobile surveys are easy to adapt. They help us think about the content we are collecting and are a good complement to qualitative data capture."
Oil for Food

Oxfam's campaign Oil 4 Food sets out to ensure that support for small-scale farmers is prioritised by the Government in its allocation of oil and gas revenues. A central part of the campaign is a mobile phone petition promoted in universities, newspapers, radio etc which collected 20,000 signatures
In April 2016 we are starting a project to gather feedback on Oxfam's activities in the Zaatari
camp which involves capturing informal conversations with staff instead of relying on
Occupied Palestinian territory and Israel
Food Vouchers
Oxfam and partners have been distributing emergency food vouchers to 60,000 people in Gaza help families to buy the essentials and boost the economy in the place with the highest unemployment on earth. The vouchers are automatically topped up onto debit cards, and can be used at dozens of stores across Gaza. At least 48% of the food in those stores is produced locally, so the scheme helps to create jobs and increase production as well as enabling people to choose what they want to eat and when they want to buy it.

And because we’re supporting and training local food producers especially women to grow their businesses and sell their produce through the stores, the scheme’s impact just keeps growing. More people can buy food. More food is produced locally. More people earn a decent living. And more communities are able to cope following the devastation of the recent conflict, the root causes of which must be addressed to achieve a lasting peace and to enable the community and economy in Gaza to flourish.

South Sudan
Mapping infrastructure
Open Street Map (OSM) is used in South Sudan in hard-to-reach remote locations where Oxfam works that are not mapped officially or unofficially, we use OSM to map roads, tracks, villages, administrative boundaries, and swamps.

This has proved immensely useful for understanding locations of current boreholes, aiding decisions on the locations for new boreholes, and planning work. Because the data was recorded during the course of normal activities it also took relatively little time to do.
instead of relying on more traditional methods like voice hotlines or text messaging
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