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Active vs. Passive Voice CCSS 8

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by

Jennifer Putt

on 26 April 2016

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Transcript of Active vs. Passive Voice CCSS 8

Active & Passive voice
Objective: Identify and use active and passive voice.
common core standards:
Language 1b - Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice
Language 3a - Use verbs in the active and passive voice...to achieve particular effects.

Active Voice
The
subject
of the sentence completes or does the
action
of the sentence.

Passive Voice
The
subject
receives the
action
.
The
team

won
the game.
The
cat

jumped
out the window.
The
game

was won
by the team.
The
window

was jumped
out of by the cat.
The subject, the
team
, does the verb,
winning
.
The subject, the
cat
, completes the verb,
jumping
.
Active Voice is generally more direct and used more often in writing.
The subject, the
game
, does not do the verb,
winning,
but receives it. It is won.
The subject, the
window
, does not do the
jumping
, but has the
action done to it.
Passive Voice is often less clear, wordy, and awkward. You can see why it is not used as much as active voice.
So why use passive?
Use passive when you don't know who or what completes the action.
The museum was broken into last night.
The police were called; the media was alerted.
Utilizing both active and passive voice creates variety in writing. Shake things up!
Use passive when you want to create suspense or surprise.
The lamp was broken into a million shards.
After searching, the lamp-breaking culprit was caught - my cat, Ness.
How do you tell if a sentence is in Active or Passive Voice?
Ask: Is the subject completing the action verb? Is it active? Yes = Active
I saw someone famous at the store.
She bought groceries there.
Is the subject simply receiving the action or having it done to it = passive.
Someone famous was seen by me at the store.
The groceries were bought by her.
Did you notice the
verbs in Passive voice
always are never stand-alone verbs - they need a form of
'be'
(was, been, is)?
was seen
was jumped
will be bought
This is also a way to help identify passive voice.
Let's practice!
Active or passive?
1. The legend of Bigfoot fascinates many.
2. Sometimes, Bigfoot is known by other names.
3. He is known as a Sasquatch, or even a Yeti to some.
4. Some wonder whether he even exists.
5. A few sightings have been reported.
6. My cousin Jimothy was mocked for reporting a sighting.
7. He says the two even shared some chicken while playing Jenga.
8. His story was not believed by anyone but the Chupacabra.
Which is better? Why?
A) He took a walk on the pier.
B) A walk was taken by him on the pier.
In writing, verbs can be in the active voice or the passive voice.
What's the difference?
Use passive when you want to sound impersonal or more distant.
Measures were taken to prevent future singing.
Studies were done to verify the results.
Use passive when you want to change the focus of a sentence.
He was ridiculed by the whole team.
The explosion was heard by people up to 5 miles away.
Come up with 1 passive and 2 active sentences.
Part 2
Full transcript