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Ap human geography: Buddhism
Transcript of Ap human geography: Buddhism
2.Islam: 1.5 billion
3.Secular/Nonreligious/Agnostic/Atheist: 1.1 billion
4.Hinduism: 900 million
5.Chinese traditional religion: 394 million
6.Buddhism: 376 million 376 million adherents GROWING! Each person decides for themselves and takes responsibility for their own actions and understanding.
Buddhism is less of a fixed package of beliefs and more of a teaching which each person learns and uses in their own way.
But to become a monk you must renounce all worldly possessions. Inquiry number two: Where did the religion originate (hearth)? What roles did expansion and relocation diffusion play? Where in the world is the religion practiced? - place on world map. What are the routes of diffusion? What are the types of diffusion and areal geographic patterns of expansion? Why and how did the religion spread where it did? What areas of the world is it growing the most? Is the core area of the religion is still in the hearth area? Answer number two: The hearth is in India!(:
(close to the china-India border) As the middle east and Asia became more dangerous to live in people relocated to places like America (mostly western countries) and continued to practice Buddhism. (relocation diffusion) As other countries, namely America, became more involved in Asia, the ideals of Buddhism were heard more and, thus, more people converted to Buddhism. (expansion diffusion) Routes of diffusion Patterns of expansion Places of interest!(: Its growing in most western countries!:D The most adherents are still basically centered around India and China. Inquiry number three: What are the central beliefs of the religion? What is the religious category of the religion? Why is it classified this way? Answer number three: The central beliefs To many, Buddhism goes beyond religion and is more of a philosophy or 'way of life'. It is a philosophy because philosophy 'means love of wisdom' and the Buddhist path can be summed up as:
(1) to lead a moral life
(2) to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions
(3) to develop wisdom and understanding The Buddha taught many things, but the basic concepts in Buddhism can be summarized by the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. The Noble 8-fold Path is being moral (through what we say, do and our livelihood), focussing the mind on being fully aware of our thoughts and actions, and developing wisdom by understanding the Four Noble Truths and by developing compassion for others. The first truth is that life is suffering . The second truth is that suffering is caused by craving and aversion. The third truth is that suffering can be overcome and happiness can be attained. The fourth truth is that the Noble 8-fold Path is the path which leads to the end of suffering. Buddhism is a "universalizing religion". It is classified this way because it appeals- not to a certain type of person- but to ALL people. Inquiry number four: How does the religion impact other aspects of culture? How does the religious faith influence the economic, social, and political decisions? Answer number four: The ethical teaching of Buddhism advocates an ideal of moral perfection as its ultimate goal. Moral perfection is attained when the unwholesome psychological roots of human behavior, namely, greed, hatred and delusion are eradicated. The application of the Buddha's teachings in the social realm is spawning a social revolution among the Dali communities of India. Buddhism represents not only an alternative to oppressive caste hierarchy (a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity) , but is also providing practical ways to inner change so that they become empowered socially as well as spiritually. Economic values in Buddhism are concerned with quality of life. But in Buddhism we define quality of life not only in terms of material comfort, but also in terms of mental well being and ultimately liberation of the mind from negative latent tendencies. Inquiry number five: What is the relationship between the religion and the natural habitat? How does this religion help guide modifications of the environment and shape the perception of nature? Answer number five: Inquiry number six: Answer number six: Several places in the Pali canon show that early Buddhism believes there to be a close relationship between human morality and the natural environment. Traditional Buddhist sources have little to say about Nature in the often abstract and romanticized sense in which we use the word today, and still less to say about ecology understood in contemporary scientific terms. Part of Buddhism is centered around feng-shui which is partially perfect balance and placement within natural environments (artificial as well but not specifically). In what forms does religion appear in the cultural landscape? What are some identifiers on the cultural landscape of the religion? Religious symbols, places of worship (ie churches, temples), where and how are the dead buried, does the religion have an impact on the layout of homes, communities, towns and political structures. Describe in detail and display - pictures, diagrams and description of each example. LANDMARKS
Stupa Monastery Nunnery Death ceremonies: The funeral ceremony, which traditionally lasts over 49 days. (the first seven days are the most important) Prayers are said every seven days for 49 days if the family can afford it. If the family is in poor circumstances, the period may be shortened to from 3 to 7 days. Usually, it is the responsibility of the daughters to bear the funeral expenses. The head of the family should be present for, at least the first and, possibly the second, prayer ceremony. The number of ceremonies conducted is dependent on the financial situation of the family. The head of the family should also be present for the burial or the cremation. Pagodas Chaityas Stupas Death Ceremonies