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Introduction to UK Law
Transcript of Introduction to UK Law
What is Law?
Why do we need 'laws'?
Set of rules by which society manages to function
aims to 'right' any wrongs
"justice" & "morality"
enforced by authority
Made up from:
case law (precedent)
Who makes laws?
murder & contempt
documented in acts of parliament
interpreted by court decisions
higher court decisions binding on lower courts
Civil or criminal?
Enables individuals to enforce their rights or recover property for own benefit
Enforce law & order in the interests of the community
decided on balance of probabilities
decided on proof "beyond reasonable doubt"
Based on idea of 'torts' (wrongs)::
aims to right a wrong
put you back where you would have been if wrong had not happened
based on protecting society
aims to punish transgressors
How are laws enforced?
decided by judge
settlement decided by judge
decided by jury
sentencing by judge
Burden of proof on accuser