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Interdisciplinary History

Describes the history of university and disciplinary/interdisciplinary courses
by

Cindy Sifonis

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of Interdisciplinary History

597 AD The Kings School Medieval Cathedral School
was precursor to modern
universities 12th Century Unity of Knowledge "All branches of knowledge are connected together, because the subject-matter of knowledge is intimately united in itself, as being the acts and the work of the Creator"

"Faith is the highest order of knowledge" University = unity of group of students Instruction of Disciples
Hierarchical and dogmatic
Doctors/teachers
Provided doctrines
Final and given Discipline Academic/internal pursuits
Study of theology or arts
Societal external demands
Medical and legal studies Subject matter 1500 - 1650
The Renaissance Academy Academy
Plato's academy served as model
Discussion and exchange of ideas
Informal
Revived Platonic philosophy 1700- 1800's
Enlightenment Era Joseph Wright of Derby's painting "A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery" Challenging the idea of the unity of knowledge
Ordered and categorized Chemistry lab in Indiana University in 1900's A science class uses microscopes in a lab in 1908. Rise of academic disciplines
Increased secularization
Advancement of knowledge more important than unity of knowledge 20th Century + University of Berlin
Founded by Wilhelm von Humbolt
Prussian Education System
Model for modern education systems
United States, Japan.. Purpose of University
Produce scientific knowledge
Educate young citizens
To enter civilized society Includes both letters and sciences
Trivium
Grammar, logic, rhetoric
Quadrivium
Music, geometry, arithmetic, astronomy Universities become organized around disciplines
Competition for university resources
Research in natural sciences is expensive
Labs, technology, man power
Industries needed specialists
Disciplines recruiting students Fragmentation of knowledge
No consensus/coherence in curriculum
Development of GenEd courses Change in student populations World and technological developments Area Studies American Studies
1930's African Studies East Asian Studies Middle Eastern Studies Latin America Studies 1950s Interdisciplinary
Programs
&
Hybrid Sciences 1960's & 1970's Interdisciplinary Universities Emphasis on Themes
9 problem centered concentrations
In 4 environmental theme-based colleges African American Studies Women Studies Natural sciences were the first disciplines in the modern university Social Sciences and Humanities started appearing in the mid to late 19th century
Result from the application of the scientific method towards human behavior First Sociology Department
established at University of Bordeaux in 1895 by Émile Durkheim First Psychology laboratory established by Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 at the University of Leipzig
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