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Prescription and illegal drugs

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Kelsie Baker

on 31 October 2016

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Transcript of Prescription and illegal drugs

Prescription & Illegal Drugs
How Drugs Affect Your Health
Drug abuse can affect your
, and
social health.
Other Effects of Drug Use
1. You can become dependent on drugs, or become addicted to them.

2.Drugs can result in required medical help to overcome them.
Psychoactive Drugs
Psychoactive drugs are chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain.

There are four main groups of psychoactive drugs: stimulants, depressants,opiates and hallucinogens.
Some of these have medicinal value but are often abuses or misused. The effect on a teen's developing brain can be very damaging.
-62%of high school student have never done marijuana
-90% have never tried cocaine
-"everybody's doing it" is false
-resist peer pressure to be a healthy role model
Physical Health
1. Can have a overdose.
2. Can contract diseases over time.
Mental Health
1. Drugs can change teens ability to reason and think.
2. Drugs can cause you to do things that can go against morals.
Social Health
1. Drugs may cause relationships to suffer
2. Drugs can lead to crime and legal consequences
Drugs Take a Toll
1. Consequences for yourself.
2. Consequences for friends and family.
3. Consequences for society.
Consequences for Yourself
1. Stop pursuing your goals and interests.
2. May make you engage in non-moral activities.
3. Can result in depression or suicide.
Consequences for family and friends
1. Can make you stop spending time with your family or friends.
2. Your friends and family might feel responsible.
Consequences for Others and Society
1. DUI or DWI
2. Health care costs
3. Legal fees
4. Law enforcement cost
5.Lost work
Marijuana, Inhalants, and Steroids
What is Marijuana:
a plant whose leaves, buds, flowers are smoked for intoxicating effects.
1. Also known as grass, weed, or pot.
2. Most widely used illegal drug.
What are inhalants: Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to give effect.
Examples: Glues, solvents, paints, and gas.
All inhalants are extremely dangerous, and many are labeled as poisonous.
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids
Synthetic substances similar to male sex hormones
Anabolic refers to muscle building
Androgenic refers to male characteristics
Stimulants are drugs that speed up the central nervous system. The most common and dangerous stimulants are Meth, LSD, Cocaine, Crack and Amphetamines.
Methamphetamine or meth is a stimulant.
-white odorless powder that easily dissolves in alcohol or water.
-Most often it comes from makeshift labs and the quality is uncertain.
-provides short term euphoria but often causes depression, paranoia, delusions and death.
-Also causes memory loss and heart and nerve damage.
-highly addictive
-known as acid or lysergic acid diethylamide
-causes hallucinations and distorted perceptions of sounds and color
-Flashbacks: user feels emotional effects after the drug wears off
-Emotions range from extreme euphoria, to panic, to terror or deep depression.
-actions while on this drug can cause injury or death
-rapidly acting and highly addictive
-white powder extracted for coca leaves
-illegal, no medical uses
-users may feel great self-confidence and euphoria
-euphoria then leads to emotional drop or let down
-regular use can lead to depression, fatigue, paranoia, and physiological dependance
-cardiac problems and malnutrition
-HIV and hepatitis B from needle injection=possible
-more dangerous form of cocaine
- reaches brain seconds after smoked or injected
-heart rate and blood pressure soar to dangerous levels
-Death may result from cardiac or respiratory failure
-mixing with alcohol is fatal
-both substances affect liver
-highly addictive
-used to stay alert or increase athletic performance
-lose weight
-easy to tolerate which can lead to overdose
-regular use can cause irregular heartbeat, paranoia, aggressive behavior, and heart failure
"Heads Up | Marijuana Facts: Breaking Down the Myths." Heads Up | Marijuana Facts: Breaking Down the Myths. Scholastic, 2011. Web. 22 Apr. 2013.
Macdonald, Jim. "INHALANTS - Harmful Effects -Includes Glue." INHALANTS - Harmful Effects -Includes Glue. Botswana Alcohol Aids Project, 2004. Web. 22 Apr. 2013.
"Steroids Side Effects." Side Effects. Newsweek, 2004. Web. 22 Apr. 2013.
Depressants are another kind of illegal drug.
They slow down the central nervous system.
They are dangerous because they slow heart rates, respiration rates, and decrease blood pressure. Alcohol is a depressant. Combining depressants can cause coma or death.
Barbiturates are sedatives that are rarely used medically.
-mood changes, sleepiness and coma.
-combining with alcohol can be fatal.
Tranquilizers are depressants that relieve anxiety, muscle spasms, sleeplessness, and nervousness. Can get addictive and cause death and coma if overused.
Other Depressants
Rohypnol and GHB

considered club drugs - drugs found at concerts, dance clubs, and drug parties called raves.
-Rohypnol= date rape drug
-unwanted physical contact, pregnancy, and stds can happen
-criminal offense
-GHB=also a date rape drug
-synthetic drugs made to copy other drugs
-can be several hundred times stronger than the drug they are imitating
Ecstasy(MDMA) is a
that causes short term euphoria. Other club drugs already mentioned
-drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and senses
-Feel invincible
-no medical use
-Ecstasy, ketamine, acid, PCP, mushrooms
-one of the most dangerous of all drugs
-no pain, feel stronger, violence
-death by overdose or violence
-die in fires because of no pain sense
-cough suppressant
-misused can cause paranoia, panic attacks, addiction, seizures, and high blood pressure
Mushrooms and Peyote
Psilocybin (mushrooms) and mescaline (peyote cactus) are hallucinogens found in nature.
They cause hallucinations,flashbacks, and nausea. Toxic species cause death and poisining
-dulls senses
-causes drowsiness, slow breathing, coma and death
-record sales because of addicts
-highly addictive ingredient in cough medicine
-should not be used before operating vehicles
-seizures, respiratory arrest
-allergies can occur
-stronger than codeine
-severe pain reliever
-blurred vision, hallucinations,rashes, swallowing problems
-processed form of morphine
-injected or smoked
-white or brown powder
-dealers may mix with other drugs to make "cheese heroin"
-slows breathing and pulse
-infection of heart
-HIV or hepatitis B from needles
-coma or death on overdose
-relieves pain if used right
-strong opiate
-Oxycontin is a brand
-respiratory failure, death
Living Drug Free
-don't be friends with people who pressure you
-take time to consider situations in your free time so you are prepared
-friends with similar attitude as you
-"No. I have to be in good shape for tomorrows game."
-certain phrases can get you out of this
Healthy Alternatives
-self esteem and good values come from being drug free
-Hobbies like art and music
-Sports like football, baseball or soccer. Even intramurals works.
-Community activities like service and clubs
-School groups like honor societies and advocacy groups
-all keep you away from drugs mentally and physically
Drug prevention
Schools and communities provide ways to stay drug free
School efforts
Drug free school zone - areas within 1,000 to 1,500 feet of schools and designated by signs, within which people caught selling drugs receive especially severe penalties. . Penalties double in this zone. police patrol and locker searches are common.
Community Efforts
-drug watches are organized groups that report, monitor, and otherwise try to stop drug deals and drug abuse.
Becoming drug free
Counselors, groups and family all help get rid of drugs
Warning Signs
Talks about drugs. Less participation. Changes in eating and sleeping. Unsafe behavior. Gets in more trouble. Withdrawn, depress and tired. Cold like symptoms without a cold. Blackouts.
Getting Help
Rehabilitation is the process of medical and psychological treatment for physical and psychological problems due to drugs and alcohol
Maintenance therapy=intended for heroin addicts, usually includes medication therapy
Therapeutic communities- residences for drug abusers, year long programs
What influences drug use?
Peer pressure-
influence of teens or social group.

Family members-can help teens resist drugs.

Role models coaches, athletes,professionals can influence you about drugs.

Media Messages- how tv, radio, and web sites influence you about drugs.

Perceptions of drug behavior- can lead teens to think drug use is really higher than it is.

Misleading Information- make teens believe drugs are beneficial and can help sports performance.
People use medicines to help restore their health when they are ill.
Medicines that treat or prevent illness can be classified into 4 broad categories:
Medicines that prevent disease
Medicines that fight pathogens
Medicines that relieve pain and other symptoms
Medicines that manage chronic conditions, help maintain or restore health, and regulate body's systems
Preventing Diseases:
Vaccines - a preparation that prevents a person from contracting a specific disease.
contain weakened or dead pathogens that cause the disease. Your body produces antibodies that will fight those pathogens and allow you body to remember how to make those antibodies. These can fade over time.
Antitoxins - also prevent disease. they can help neutralize the effects of toxins.
Fighting Pathogens:
Antibiotics - a class of drug that destroy disease causing microorganisms called bacteria. Either kill or prevent from reproducing. Bacteria can become resistant.
Antivirals - suppress virus
Anti fungal - suppress or kill fungal cells
Managing Chronic Conditions: Some medicines maintain or restore health and offer people with chronic conditions a higher level of wellness.
Allergy medicines
Body regulating medicines
Antidepressant and anti psychotic
cancer treatment
Relieving Pain:
The most commonly used medicines are analgesics. Range from mild medicines (aspirin) to strong narcotics.
Certain types of medicines that relieve pain can be addictive. Usually require a prescription.
Taking Medicines
Oral Medicines
Topical Medicines
Inhaled Medicines
Injected Medicines
Always follow the directions on the medicine label
Medicine Interactions
Additive interactions - medicines work together in a positive way
Synergistic - interaction of two or more medicines that results in a greater effect than taking each medicine alone
Antagonistic - when the effect of one medicine is canceled out or reduced when taken with another medicine
Using Medicines Safely
Standards for Medicines
All new medicines must meet standards set by the FDA.

The FDA does not regulate herbal and dietary supplements.
Never take a supplement without telling your health care provider first.
Prescription Medicines - medicines dispensed only with written approval of a licensed physician

Over-the-counter Medicines - medicines you can buy without a doctor's prescription.

Distribution of some OTC meds are monitored.

OTC medicine labels must include:
Active ingredient
Inactive ingredients
Expiration date
Other info and directions
Medicine misuse: involves using medicine in ways other than the intended use.
failing to follow the instructions on package
giving prescription medicine to a person for whom it was not prescribed, or taking another persons medicine
taking too much or too little
taking a medicine longer or shorter than prescribed or recommended
discontinuing the use of medicine without informing your Dr.
mixing medicines without the knowledge or approval of Dr.
Medicine Abuse:
Taking Medicine for non medical use.
Its important to remember even OTC medicines are dangerous and illegal when not used properly.
Teens should avoid using medicines to:
Lost weight
Stay awake
Fit in
Drug Overdose & Addiction
Illegal Drugs

Medicines and Drugs

Psychological dependence - causes a person to believe that a drug is needed in order to feel good or function normally.
Physiological dependence - user develops a chemical need for the drug. Withdrawal symptoms occur when the effect of drug wear off.
THC along with
400 other chemicals
are found in Marijuana,
many of these could effect
your health.
Many people don't think of
Marijuana as addictive,however
9% of users become addicted.
Increases to 1 in 6 for users that start at a young age.
Increases to 25-50% for daily users.
Since 1970, marijuana has been a schedule I controlled substance. This means it has no approved medical use. 20 states have legalized its use for medical purposes even without FDA approval. Why hasn't it been approved?
Not enough studies to show benefits outweigh harm.
Because it is a plant you can't tell exactly what chemicals a person is getting each time.
There are synthetic medications containing THC used for appetite stimulation.
Substance abuse includes the overuse, or multiple use of a drug, use of an illegal drug, or use of a drug with alcohol.
Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes
Substance abuse -
Substance abuse includes:
Overuse of a drug
Multiple use of a drug
Use of an illegal drug
Use of a drug with alcohol
Some abused substances are illegal drugs.
Chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell
Illegal drugs -

Illicit drug use includes the sale of prescription drugs to those for whom the drugs are not intended
The use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted
Illicit drug use -
Factors That Influence Teens
Peer Pressure
Family Members
Role Models
Media Messages
Perceptions of Drug Behavior
Misleading Information
Illegal drug use can lead to death.
Substance abuse is a leading cause of crime, suicide, and unintentional injuries.
Abusing drugs puts you at risk of an overdose
A strong, sometimes fatal reaction to taking a large amount of a drug
Overdose -
A physiological or psychological dependence on a drug
Addiction -
A user takes a drug to experience short-term pleasure.
As the effects of the drug wear off, the user then experiences symptoms of withdrawal.
The user takes the drug again to relieve withdrawal symptoms and repeat the feelings of short-term pleasure.
The Addiction Cycle
THC - is a drug in the cannabis plant that produces psychoactive effects.

THC is a fat-soluble drug that settles and builds up in the fatty organs of the body, including the brain, heart, and liver.
The effects of marijuana can vary from person to person, and can be influenced by a persons mood.
Some health consequences include:
Hallucinations and paranoia
Impaired short-term memory, reaction time, concentration, and coordination.
Lung irritation, coughing
Heart and lung damage
Increased risk of lung cancer
Weakened immunity to infection
Increased appetite
Increased risk of stillbirth and birth defects
Changed hormone levels
In females risk of infertility
In males, lower sperm count and testosterone levels
Steroid use can result in unnatural muscle growth.
Combined with conditioning can increase muscular strength but the tendons and ligaments do not get stronger which can lead to injury.
Designer drugs
drugs derived from the opium plant at are obtainable only by prescription and used to relieve pain.
Out patient drug free treatment - these programs usually do not include medications and often use individual or group counseling.
Short - term treatment - these centers include residential therapy, medication therapy, and outpatient therapy.
are drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or other conditions.
Medicines can cause side effects - reactions to medicine other than the one intended.
Vocabulary terms
side effects
additive interaction
synergistic interaction
antagonistic interaction
Prescription medicines
over - the- counter medicines
medicine misuse
illegal drugs
illicit drug use
anabolic-androgenic steroids
psychoactive drugs
designer drug
drug - free school zone
drug watches
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