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A Hero Presentation
Transcript of A Hero Presentation
Swami becomes an accidental, opportunistic hero Twist Reflection Relate/Effect to readers Themes A Hero This story is part of a collection of short stories called 'Malgudi Days' by R.K.Narayan. Falling action Important technique Background Setting Sets in author's imaginary Southern Indian town of Malgudi in India in the early 20th century
Daily lives of an ordinary family The story focuses on the character of Swami, and his relationship with his family. Characters Swami Father Mother Grandmother Analyze in techniques Climax Family Relationships
(family dynamics) Growing Up Courage Introduction about the Author Ending "Aiyo something has bitten me"
reaction of the burglar
"In a moment Father, cook, and a servant came in, carrying light"
tensions dissolve and it's contrasts to Swami's fear R.K.Narayan
1906 - 2001
An Indian man writing in English
nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature multiple times Builds up tension "And what about poor Munisami's father, who spat out blood because the devil near the river's edge slapped his cheek when he was returning home late one night" Lines 75-77
Humor is created by the wild, vivid imagination of Swami
"Through the stillness all kinds of noises reached his ears the clicking of the clock, rustle of trees, snoring sounds and some vague night insects humming" Lines 76-77
Auditory imagery highlights the increasing terror and builds up tension "A tiger was chasing him. His feet stuck to the ground."
Use of short sentence structure emphasizes and creates a dramatic effect
"And he could hear its claws scratch the ground... scratch, scratch and then a light thud..."
Use of ellipsis to builds up tension
"And now what was this rustling?"
Rhetorical question creates excitement and leads readers to wonder what will happen next
"As it came nearer he crawled out from under the bench, hugged it with all his might, and used his teeth on it like a mortal weapon..."
shows decisiveness of Swami, ellipsis builds tension and curiosity towards the end Writing style:
Simple(and modest) with a natural element of humor
Write about ordinary lives which provide readers a great ability to relate to the stories "A Hero"
Expectations: brave, strong, courageous
create irony (contrast between expectations and reality)
This makes reader wonder what the story is about and question how the title is related to the passage. "Where is he sleeping? In his usual place"
At last Swami get to sleep with his grandmother
"Swami following the whole conversation from under the blanket, felt tremendously relieved to hear that his father was giving him up"
the final sentence shows irony and Swami won over his father at last With vivid imagery Summary an argument between Swami and his father over a newspaper article leading to a conflict involving the whole family
father giving up in his attempt to teach his son a lesson "His chum Mani seen devil in the banyan tree...Munisami's father,who spat out blood...devil nears the river's edge slapped his cheek..." A hero? Inquisitive(like asking questions) "How could a boy fight a tiger?" Clever, witty Title "tried to change subject..."
"Swami rose silently and tiptoed away..."
- To divert his father's attention and escape from challenges Funny "Swami made wild gesticulations to silence his granny..."
"I shall perhaps die..." --->Exaggerated/hyperbole "You must learn not to be afraid of darkness."
"Courage is everything, strength and age are not important."
The challenge was "a frightful proposition".
"Swami felt cut off from humanity"
"He was fainted with fear"
Swami, "in sleep was racked with nightmares" and "groaned in despair." "It is disgraceful sleeping beside granny or mother like a baby. You are in the second form and I don't like the way you being brought up."
"A frightful proposition... He hand always slept beside his granny in the passage, and any change in this arrangement kept him trembling and awake all night.
"You must learn not to be afraid of darkness... You must cultivate good habits." Care and loving "Boy,are you already feeling sleepy? Don't you want a story?" Dismissive
"I hardly know anything about the boy"
Defends for Swami
"He can sleep in the hall, i think"
Supportive for Swami
"You let him sleep where he likes" Dotes on Swami Granny pleaded, "Why do you disturb him?" Cruel and horrid and uncaring "Sleeping beside granny or mother like a baby" Bossy, dominant and stern "Swami, get up" Disgrace and humiliate Swami “I will make you the laughing stock of your school” "The strain of cruelty he saw in his father's nature" "You must sleep alone hereafter" Stubborn "He knew his father's tenacity" The End!~ Father <----> Son (A teacher and a student)/
(a boss and an employee) We should be sensible and try to determine whether the information in the news paper is right or not. But not be narrow-minded and blindly accept everything.
can instil important values in his son but not forcing him to do something. At last, it will be contrary.
should have the courage to try something new and learn to depend on himself, but not always rely on his granny.
should not always defend for Swami. It may spoil him and he will not learn what is independent. Son <----> Mother (Loving, caring) Grandson<----> Grandmother Humor
Swami- a hero by accident
the ending is comic after earlier building up of tension. After Swami bites the burglar, the tension suddenly falls.
There is a comic twist at the end as Swami wins despite his father's efforts and returns to sleep with his granny
"Swami felt cut off from humanity."
directly shows how Swami feels and shows the cruel and uncaring of the father
language is used to create humor, eg "Swami made wild gesticulations to silence his granny".
A lot of language contain of dialogue. Each character speaks in a different way so we learn about their personalities. (Dotes on him, protecting) Mother-in-law<----> Daughter-in-law (not close) Direct/Indirect characterization "For Swami events took an unexpected turn"
The intro sentence takes readers right into the story and grabs our attention.
There is a newspaper article which describes a boy had fought and killed a tiger.
Readers are able to see that the information is being exaggerated.
Swami’s father agrees with the article information, "Courage is everything, strength and age are not important.”
Conveys the father believes everything blindly, without understanding.
However, Swami does not believe that a boy can kill a tiger just by courage.
“How can it be, Father? Suppose I have all the courage, what can I do if a tiger should attack me?”
Swami judges the reality of the article revealing his cleverness. The conflict starts from here:
"Let me see if you can sleep alone tonight in my office room."
Father wants to give Swami a challenge to prove that he has courage and to learn to be independent.
Humor is shown to make the story more interesting.
“Swami said "From the first of next month I'll sleep alone.”
Shows the wittiness of Swami in trying to change the subject and avoid his father’s challenge.
The indirect characterization of action conveys that he is timid and shy
The personalities show a contrast with the title, “A Hero” Transition “Please, please, shut up, granny. Don’t talk to me, and don’t let anyone call me even if the house is on fire. If I don’t sleep at once I shall perhaps die” Line 44-47
Swami is being smart and tries to hide from his father.
Humor is again created by the exaggerated imagination.
Family dynamics between Swami and his father is shown through their argument in Line 58-66
“Swami felt cut off from humanity. He was pained and angry.”
Short sentences show how Swami feels and raises the tension. I must change the subject...