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Biochemistry

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Rachel P

on 24 May 2014

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Transcript of Biochemistry

Cell Growth
(and why biochemistry is so important!)
Works Cited
Prerequisites
How to Pursue a Career in Biochemistry
Examples of Math
Environmental Methods
Efficiency in photosynthesis for
more crop yields
Bioremediation
for polluted soils
Production of biofuels
Genetic
mapping
of ecosystems to monitor
biodiversity
Methods of
boosting
biological captures of
carbon
Efforts to find a
sustainable means of living

Eunice Seo
Thursday, May 22nd
Rachel Park
Overview
What is Biochemistry?
Link to Mathematics
Definition:
Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes that occur in living materials.

First Year
* Introductory Biology (BI 200-202)
* General Chemistry (CH 109-110 or CH 117 and CH 118) with laboratory
* Calculus (MT 100-101)

Second Year (Fall)
* Physics (PH 211) with laboratory
* Organic Chemistry (CH 231 or CH 241) with laboratory
* Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (BI 304)
* Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics Laboratory I (BI 310)

Second Year (Spring)
* Physics (PH 212) with Laboratory
* Organic Chemistry (CH 232 or CH 242) with laboratory
* Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (BI 305)
* Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics Laboratory II (BI 311)

Third Year (Fall)
* Biological Chemistry (BI 435) or Biochemistry I (CH 561)
* Analytical Chemistry (CH 351)

Third Year (Spring)
* Molecular Biology (BI 440) or Biochemistry II (CH 562)
* Physical Chemistry (CH 473)

Fourth Year
* Biochemistry Laboratory (BI 480 or CH 563)
* Two advanced electives

Undergraduate Sample Schedule
Health Research
Worldwide growing understanding of health issues:
Diabetes
Arteriosclerosis
Cancer


Government Sectors
National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Institutes of Health
Department of Energy
Environmental Protection Agency
Food and Drug Administration
Biochemistry in Careers
Importance of Biochemistry
Bachelor's Degree
Biochemistry
Physics
Mathematics
Computer Science
Biological Sciences
Required laboratory courses
Laboratory Experience
Internships with prospective employers in pharmacuetical and medicine manufacturers
Working for university laboratories
PhD Program
Toxicology
Genetics
Proteomics
Conduct laboratory research
Master's Degree
Training
Temporary postdoctoral research positions
Pay Range:
Median Pay 2012: $81,480 per year ("How to Become a Biochemist").
Bachelor's degree: $30,000 to $40,000
Master's or PhD degree: $45,000 to $65,000 (“Biochemistry Undergraduate General Info”).
Biochemists may deal with the following on a daily basis:
Biotechnology and bioinformatics
Cell biology and signaling
Development and disease
Energy and metabolism
Genetics
Molecular biology
Plant biology

1. "Biochemistry Major Degree Requirements." Biochemistry Major Degree Requirements. Boston College, n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://www.bc.edu/schools/cas/chemistry/undergrad/biochem.html>.

2. "Biochemistry Undergraduate General Info." home. The Ohio State University, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <https://chemistry.osu.edu/undergraduate/biochemistry/general_information>.

3. "Career Planning." Career Planning. Boston College, n.d. Web. 12 May 2014. <http://www.bc.edu/schools/cas/chemistry/undergrad/career.html>.

4. "How to Become a Biochemist or Biophysicist." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, n.d. Web. 19 May 2014. <http://www.bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/biochemists-and-biophysicists.htm#tab-4>.

5. "Logarithms." Concepts in Biochemistry. John Wiley & Sons Publishers, Inc., 1 Jan. 2012. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://www.wiley.com/college/boyer/0470003790/reviews/logs/logs_intro.htm>.

6. "What is biochemistry?." Biochemical Society. Biochemical Society, n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://www.biochemistry.org/?TabId=456>.

7. "What Is Biochemistry?." Department of Biochemistry. The University of British Columbia, n.d. Web. 14 May 2014. <http://www.biochem.ubc.ca/undergraduate/what-is-biochemistry/>.



Examples of Work Biochemists Do:
In biochemistry, logarithms play an important part in the more mathematical subject areas such as:
thermodynamics
acid and base equilibria
buffer design
enzyme kinetics

Logarithms are not only useful in making large differences in numbers more manageable, but also when one is trying to understand relationships or make predictions on graphs, such as cell growth patterns.
1
3
5
6
7
4
4
4
7
A biochemist needs to make quantitative predictions of this particular cell growth.
However, this exponential curve is not ideal for accurate data prediction.
Luckily, exponents and exponential trends are easily simplified by applying logarithms.
For this particular experiment, the biochemist has to extrapolate both to day 6 and how many cells could have been at day "-1".
As a result, the graph on the right is produced. The biochemist now extends the line trend and is able to predict the cell growth values for day "-1" and 6.
Using the
logarithm
of population as her
dependent variable
and
time in days
as her
independent variable
, she can create a
linear
function.
The y-axis is now in logarithmic form, so for the first data point, 4 represents 10,000 cells/mL because log [10,000] = 4.
5
Academic Institutions (professor at university)
Nontraditional Careers

Scientific publishing
Technical libraries
Patent law
Personnel recruiting
Consulting
Computer science
Banking
Forensics
Law enforcement relies on biochemistry-based forensics for
evidence for investigations
Fermentation
Digital Media Cited
A
. Biochemistry: The molecular basis of life.
N.d.

B
.
biologyR120. “Fermentation.” Video.
Youtube
. Youtube, 25 Sep 2008. Web. 5 May 2014.

C
.
Clements
. Biochemical processes in living things and living systems.
2013.

D
. Introduction to Biochemistry.
N.d
.

E
. Picture of test tubes.
N.d.


A
Manage laboratory teams
and monitor the quality of their work
Isolate, analyze, and synthesize
proteins, enzymes, DNA
, and other molecules
Research the effects of substances, such as
drugs, hormones, and food
on tissues and biological processes
Prepare technical reports, research papers, and recommendations based on their research
Full transcript