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Changing Roles of Women
Transcript of Changing Roles of Women
Retail and service industries also existed during this time. In the industry of retail and services, there were tradesmen/women, merchants, importers and exporters, salesmen, operators, midwives, maids, butlers, chefs, bookkeepers, butchers and other patient services that were needed items and services. During the mid-1800s railway companies started to build lines connecting to major hubs and cities. The railway jobs were very popular, with new immigrants and those who decided who settle there already. There was a wide range of jobs available relating to the railway. Such as; train engineer, porter, yard master, weigh-master, boiler fireman, break-man, track layer with other positions under the sub-category of track layer.
Many unmarried woman worked as teachers during the 1900s, and as soon as the woman was married, they would have to leave their teaching post to become a full-time wife and or mother.
Woman also worked as dressmakers, because they were quite talented with a needle and thread and could add to their household income by working as a dressmaker. Many dressmakers offered their services to woman of high social class who did not have the skills or the time to be able to craft their own garments or to families in which none of the members possessed the skills necessary to sew clothing together. Woman could not really pursue to have any medical professions they could often find employment as nurses.
When World War 1 started, it was uncommon for woman to have jobs, apart from their “expected” domestic roles in the household. The number of woman having jobs outside of the home did increase during the war periods, many in the food, clothing, printing and industry jobs. The idea of woman working ‘a man’s job’ and getting paid while they had gone into the war was resisted. The resistance lasted well into World War II, by 1942 the war had come the doorstep of the Australians and the roles of woman had changed as of a necessity. Australian women entered the workforce in numbers that were unpredictable and were even allowed to take on ‘men’s work.’ These jobs were for the war, not for life, the women were paid low rates than men and were expected to “step down” and return to their duties of the house after war.
On the home front woman had to deal with consequences of the war, managing children and family responsibilities alone, shortages of resources, as well as their fears of the future and trauma of losing a loved one. Many women were also activitly involved in the war, as nurses and in other active service duties, cooks, cleaning, etc. and contributed more activity to war efforts through military services. Other Australian women were also closely connected with war through male relatives and friends on military services.
In World War 2 were more actively recruited into jobs that had always been preserved for men. They worked in factories and shipyards as members of the ‘Woman’s Land Army’ and as Official War Artists. At the outbreak of World War 1 women were expected to have the role of managing the house and raising the children, women were strongly encouraged to help the war effort by joining voluntary organisations.
There were several groups active during this period in time, of which woman could have joined to help the efforts of World War 1, such as the; Australian Red Cross, the Country Woman’s Association, the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, the Australian Woman’s National League, Australians Comfort Funds and the Cheer up Society.
Women in the war? Pfft, whoever heard of such a thing? Well in fact there were, the woman didn’t fight but they did have a massive part in the survival of the soldiers who did fight in battle. Woman being involved in war is closely connected to their role in society at different times and the nature of each war. While the woman of today can nearly get any job they want, it wasn’t quite the same back in the 1900s, women were only able to pick from a limited amount of occupations. But during this time period, women were generally in charge of holding the homestead together, the housework and child bearing, which left them with very little time for an occupation.
Before the beginning of World War 1, the workforce had similar jobs as to those of today. Farming and forestry jobs were the primary source for employment in the early 1900s. Mining, manufacturing and construction were also common working options. There were also jobs that required specialized training or skills to be able to do that job, such as a psychotherapist, lawyers, judges, marshals, sheriffs, deputies and clergy (people who worked in Christian churches.)
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2. The Jobs of Woman During the 1900s, eHow, © 1999-2013 Demand Media, Inc. Viewed: 22/5/14
3. Big Black Dog Communications, Australian Government, Last updated: 8th January 2009, Viewed: 23/5/14
4. Big Black Dog Communications, Australian Government, Last updated: 8th January 2009, Viewed: 24/5/14