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Transcript of Art
History and Culture
By: Coco Liu
-Migration to the urban north after WWI
- The social change in black communities created the culture phenomenon known as the New Negro movement.
-Harlem developed into the political and social "Black American Mecca"
-Harlem provided Black Americans the necessary ingredients as writers, jazz and blues musicians, and visual artists to create a Cultural Revolution called Harlem Renaissance
* Palmer Hayden
* William H. Johnson
* Aaron Douglas
*Lois mailou Jones
History and Culture's Influence on Art
- Art was used to portrait the desire for leisure and escapism.
- Visual artists played a key role in creating depictions of the New Negro.
- An unprecedented, broad-based focus on African Americans, their art, and the connections to a larger, modernist version.
Harlem Renaissance's Heritage
-allowed important advancements in African Art.
-Hughes and Locke influenced present-day culture and society.
William H. Johnson
- hayden was born in Wide Water, Virgina.
- Studied at the Cooper
Union in New York.
-Died February 18, 1973
-Studied in France for 5 years
- Hayden's artwork focused on African American experience
-Arrived Harlem in 1918
-Student of at the National Academy of Design.
-Assist the painter George Lucas
-Left the U.S. in 1926
-African art became better known to Western artists.
-African models became more important for African American artists.
- Harlem Renaissance painting styles are influenced by ancient Egyptian sculpture and the modern Art Deco style.
- From their personal, political, and artistic expressions of race, to the expressions of the living of minority of American society, childhood, and daily life
The Characteristics of William H. Johnson's Art
William H. Johnson's Artworks
-In the 1930s, New York City became filled with new art galleries, schools, and museums.
-Inspired new artists like Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, and Norman Lewis
-Gave a sense of pride to African Americans.
-The style of work was often represented as naive, primitive, and geometrically drawn.
-Using four or five colors
-Emphasized Christian themes
-Painted subject that addressed political issues in Harlem
-Represented the important break in traditional art.
-Developed an awareness of the social plight of Black people in America.
-Also presented his own family history and heritage to enlighten the Black community as a whole.
"Moon over Harlem" (1944)
-Addressed political issues
-Shows the police and community citizens in a night brawl.
"Mom and Dad" (1944)
-Making a social statement about his illegitimate birth.
-Grew up in a settlement house in Harlem
-His parents were migrated between 1916-1919, considered the first wave of the migration
-Life and struggle of himself and other African Americans inspired his works.
-Painted during the 1940s.
-Captured the experience of African American during the 1920s
- Fetiche Et Fleurs (1933)
-Midsummer Night in Harlem (1936)
-Baptizing Day (1946)
-John Henry series (1944-1947)
-The Janitor Who Paints (1939-1940)
The Janitor who paints
- The painting was based on Palmer's friend Cloyd Boykin "It's sort of a protest painting. I painted it because no one called Boykin the artist. They called him the janitor" ( Hayden)
-two version of the painting
-it gave African Americans a chance to prove that despite their ethnicity, they had artistic talents.
-during the Renaissance, black people were proud of their race.
-the Harlem Renaissance was known as the New Negro Movement, as well a the "Roaring Twenties."
-it made people question the racism towards African Americans.
William H. Johson