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Socratic Seminar Model

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Meagan Williams

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Socratic Seminar Model

Socratic Seminar Model

Background Information
Over 2,400 years old.
The term "Socratic seminar" was first used by the Great Books Program founder, Scott Buchanan.
Designed to use the Socratic dialectic -- the examination of ideas through a logical progression of questioning to help students reach a deep understanding of a controversial topic after considering a number of perspectives.
A student-centered approach that challenges learners to develop their critical thinking skills and engage in open-ended or controversial questions.
Applicable in all content areas and at any grade level
Based on Socrates' theory that it is more important to enable students to think for themselves than to just fill their heads with the "right" answers.
Socrates' belief was that lecture was not an effective way of teaching all students.
Encourages divergent thinking rather than convergent thinking.
Model Description
Step 1:
Choose the text
Step 2:
Plan and Cluster Several Questions of Varying Cognitive Demand
Step 3:
Introduce the Model to the Students
**Students may or may not be allowed to conduct further research before the discussion of the text begins.
Step 4:
Conduct the Discussion
Step 5:
Review and Summarize the Discussion
Step 6:
Evaluate the Discussion with Students
By: Miranda Barneycastle, Sara Gray, Kristen Smith, and Meagan Williams
Role of Teacher
Role of Students
Learning Environment
Walk-Through Instrument
Meeting All Learner's Needs
How to Integrate All Content Areas
Real-World Connection
Skills Students Develop
Developed from Plato's Socratic Dialogues entitled "Meno"
A character asks whether virtue can be taught, and that leads Socrates to suggest that no idea can be taught directly. On the contrary, he suggests, all that we know must be extracted from us through a serious of questions and a process of inquiry.
Teacher previewing the questions on the board.
Students researching questions to further their understanding of the topic and to strengthen their views on the subject.
The teacher can differentiate for student needs in several ways:
The choice of text (audio, visual, and content level)
Planning specific questions based on students' learning needs
Students can participate at varying levels during a seminar (assigned opportunities).
Socratic Seminar Participants
Socratic Seminar Video
Speak loudly and clearly
Back your statements with reasons and evidence
Used the text to find support
Listen to others with respect
Stay on topic
Talk to everyone
Ask for help when you were confused
Question others nicely
Be prepared
Now, let's see it in action!
By: Joseph Bruchac
Classroom Diagram
Students will know the steps of the Socratic Seminar Model.
Students will understand the Socratic Seminar Model and how it can be used and what it will look like in the classroom.
Students will participate in a Socratic Seminar Lesson and take the roles of the students in this type of instruction.
Students are able to discuss problems that are happening today in the world around us.
Also no matter what the topic is you are always able to relate it back to the students and how they feel about it

The Socratic method helps students develop oral, reasoning, and presentation skills. Students have to present their side to other students and give reasons as to why they feel or have a certain view.
Provide questions for student response.
Monitor/facilitate discussions.
Review and summarize the discussion.
Evaluate students participation.
Should feel like a supportive learning environment.
Students should have open discussions.
The class should feel laid back but structured at the same time.
The students are active learners.
Students are involved in discussion and working with others.
Students are to express their opinions and ideas about the text.
Students should evaluate their partner's contributions and discussions.
This model is able to integrated in all of the content areas because students are able to discuss anything.
Students are able to read text from any content area and have a discussion about it.
Ex: Social Studies- The Cold War; Science- Is Pluto Really a Planet?
See Document on Edmodo!
YOU are responsible for how the discussion goes and how meaningful it is!
Full transcript