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PASSIVE VOICE

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by

laura cassiani

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of PASSIVE VOICE

USE OF PASSIVE VOICE
Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action
Present simple
PRESENT PERFECT
The present perfect passive is useful when describing something that was done in the past without a lot of information about who did it, when, how, why, etc.
STRUCTURE
PASSIVE VOICE
Past Perfect
is used to refer to an action that took place at a time earlier than other action, although both have happened before establishing an order among them.
The film had been finished when she arrived at the cinema.

LAURA CAROLINA CASSIANI
EMILY GONZÁLEZ
YESSICA MONTAÑEZ
ANNY TOVAR
Affirmative

Subject + am / is / are + past participle + complement
Animals are sold in this shop.
The door was opened by him.
negative

Suject + 'm not / isn't / aren't + participle + complement
the breakfast isn't eaten by me
simple past

Suject + was / were + past participle + complement


A song was sung by her.
Affirmative
The Statue of Liberty was designed by Bartholdi.
The keys weren´t lost by my brother
negative
SUBJECT+ WAS /WERE+ NOT + PAST PARTICIPLE+ COMPLEMENT
Many cars are made in Japan.
Wine is made from grapes
The books aren’t published here.
The soup wasn't prepared by Guadalupe

the people weren´t rescued by them
the armor was used by him
Present Perfect Continuous
[has/have + been + present participle]
You have been waiting here for two hours.
The lesson has been studied by my brother
Subject + have / has + been + participle + complement
The room has been cleaned by liz
The song has been written by James
NEGATIVE
Subject + hasn’t/haven't + been + participle + complement
the film hasn’t been seen by Pamela
The series dragon ball z hasn’t been seen by my brother
The room hasn’t been cleaned by martha
Past Perfect
Object + had + been + past participle + complement
The city had been defended by the brave men.
The window had been broken by the child
The juice had been drunk by Juan
The playing had been taught by my mother
Negative
Object + had + not + been + past participle + by + subject
Such difficulty had never been experienced by me

He had not been listened by them

Active voice
He built the house
Active voice
Vs
Passive voice
The shoes hadn't been worn by her
Active
Many tourists have visited that castle.
passive
That castle has been visited by many tourists.
Active
Once a week, Tom cleans the house
Passive
Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
Active
Sam repaired the car.
Passive
The car was repaired by Sam.

I had finished my work.
Active
Passive
My work had been finished by me
Active
Passive
I had written a letter.
A letter had been written by me.
Passive Voice
The house was built by him
VS
Full transcript