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The Beat Generation

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Margarida Nunes

on 5 January 2015

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Transcript of The Beat Generation

The Beat Generation
The Beat Generation
The Beat Movement
THE ORIGINS
During the early 1950s to the mid 1960s
Important
issues
occurring in
government
Vietnam War
WARS
MINORITIES FIGHTING FOR THEIR RIGHTS
POLITICIANS ACTING IMMORALLY
The Second World War had just
ended
and the country was
peaceful
It was a time of
cultural change
in America
A “
counter culture
” arose and threatened the status quo
BEAT GENERATION
The Beats
Columbia University
in the early 1940s
Jack Kerouac
Allen Ginsberg
Neal Cassady
William Burroughs
Gregory Corso
Herbert Huncke
When they
migrated to San Francisco
, they
expanded their group
by meeting
Philip Whalen
Gary Snyder
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Michael McClure
Lew Welch
THE BEAT GENERATION
WHY "
BEAT
"?
The
original word

"beat"
meant:



"tired",
"beaten down"
“bad”
“ruined”


The expression "Beat Generation" was introduced by Jack Kerouac in 1948
But
Kerouac changed the meaning
to include the connotations:


"upbeat"
"beatific"
"on the beat"

Reacted
against the spread of capitalism
and the puritanical middle-class values

Stood up for freedom
in all its forms

Defended
escapism
from society

THE GOAL OF
THE BEAT GENERATION
The Beat writers
intended to defy the conventional writing styles
.

Their writing was
based on live experience
and their style was
loose
,
fluid
and
spontaneous
.

THE BEATS
BEAT LITERATURE

Takes the reader on a
tour of the underside of America
. There are
drug-addicts
,
drifters
,
prostitutes
, and
swindlers
.
"Howl"
Allen Ginsberg, 1956
The content of the poem sparked an obscenity trial which challenged the definition of pornography in America.
"On the road"
Jack Kerouac, 1957
This novel describes their travels across America
Dean Moriarty
Salvatore Paradise
This novel follows the lives of two significant characters:


Neal Cassady
Jack Kerouac
Allen Ginsberg, 1956
"HOWL"
"NAKED LUNCH"
"ON THE ROAD"
BEST KNOWN EXAMPLES IN BEAT LITERATURE
Jack Kerouac, 1957
William S. Burroughs,1959
Jack Kerouac's
QUOTES
“Great things are not accomplished by those who yield to trends and fads and popular opinion.”
"The best teacher is experience."
“Don't use the phone. People are never ready to answer it. Use poetry.”
"Be in love with your life. Every detail of it."
"Live, travel, adventure, bless and don't be sorry."
“My witness is the empty sky”
“I had nothing to offer anybody except my own confusion”
THE BEAT GENERATION
The Beat Generation has had a
huge influence

on the American culture
The Hippie movement was the counterculture of the sixties which found its inspiration to be rebellious in their predecessors:
THE BEAT GENERATION
.

THE
HIPPIE
MOVEMENT
They reflected the
peace movement
and an alternative life style of free love
BEATS
VS

HIPPIES
PEACE AND LOVE
"MAKE LOVE NOT WAR"
The people of the 1920s who considered themselves lost because of their values and beliefs could not operate in the postwar world.
The
BEAT
Generation
The
LOST
Generation
People who couldn't fit in with the norms of society would naturally find themselves as a
hippie
or a
beatnik
BECAUSE
The term
Beatniks
was a media
stereotype
for the beats.
This means that the beatniks were just another stereotype created by society and didn’t actually represent the beat generation.
Ginsberg published a summary of
"the essential effects"
of the Beat Generation
In 1982
Spiritual liberation
Sexual "revolution" or "liberation"
Liberation of the world from
censorship
Demystification
and/or
decriminalization
of drugs
The evolution of rhythm and blues into
Rock and Roll
The spread of
ecological consciousness

The notion of a "
Fresh Planet
"
Bob

Dylan
and
Allen

Ginsberg
Jim Morrison
Ray Manzarek
"I suppose if Jack Kerouac had never written «On the Road», The Doors would never have existed."
Respect
for
land
and
indigenous

peoples
and
creatures
A tribute to the Beat Generation
The rain is falling it's after dark
The streets are swimming with the sharks
It's the right night for the wrong company
And there ain't nothing 'round here to look at
Move along move along

The neon lights on Baltimore
Every shadow's getting famous
In some backyard in some plastic chair
Hoping these cigarettes will save us
Here we go again (uuuuh)
Here we go again (uuuuh)

You got rings in your ears
And you got kicked around and made up
Looking high looking low
Where did all the shadow people go?
Where did all the shadow people go?
I wanna know (Whoa!)
Where the shadow people go

I stole a bike from the 2nd Mile
Saw a band play in the basement
I crossed the path of a friend of mine
And I know what that look upon her face meant
Something's gone from her eye
Something's gone wrong

You could be a woman or you could be a man
Wear the glove on the other hand
Or you could be twisted
Or you could be insane
Pushing the envelope against the grain
Just playing along (uuuuuuh)
Just playing along (uuuuuh)

And I got something on my mind
And I got voices on the other line
Saying hi saying hello
Where did all the shadow people go?
Where did all the shadow people go?
I wanna know where the shadow people go

Where the shadow people go
(Where did all the shadow people go?)
Where the shadow people go
(Where did all the shadow people go?)
"Shadow People"
Dr. Dog
THE BEAT GENERATION
WAS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT
Allowed the youth to
rebel against the government
and the society
Encouraged people
to stand up for what they believed in
Americans were
able to cross the lines of racial discrimination and enjoy their lives together
LEGACY
Beats’ works
left a legacy
and
managed to influence
many other authors and poets
They are the ones who keep the Beats’ artistic legacy alive
BUT
If one person is still
questioning an unfair rule
or daring to
create an original thought




That is where the spirit of the generation lives on
THE BEAT GENERATION
The tendency to seek distraction and relief from unpleasant realities, especially by seeking entertainment or fantasizing
Very strict or censorious moral attitudes towards self-indulgence or sex
BABY BOOMERS
People who born in the years
following the Second World War
, when there was a temporary marked increase in the birth rate
WORE
BLACK
WORE C
O
L
O
R
F
U
L
CLOTHES
Full transcript