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Global Health

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Melissa MacLean

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of Global Health

Thank You!
CUBA
By: Melissa MacLean, Grace Warren, Dan Thompson
Global Health

Global Health

TAX DAY!!
CANADA
DENTAL DAY!!!
TAX DAY!!!
NDUNGE FEVER!!!
Canada:
$5
Cuba:
$10
Rwanda:
none
Taxes Due:
Health Care Systems
"National Health Insurance Model"
National Health Insurance Model:
Single-payer
Government run insurance program
Regular taxes
Canada's 3 types
Con's
-Possible Wait times

-Fees do not factor in cost of living

-Rural areas may not get fair share of care
Pro's:
-Access of Health Care for Everyone

-Education programs reduce costs

-Veterans are looked after in Elder years
Canada:
$5
Cuba:
none
Rwanda:
$5
Money Due:
You cracked your tooth on the chapel sidewalk last week. You are now home on break and have to get it fixed in your country.
RWANDA
Canada:
$5
Cuba:
$10
Rwanda:
none
Taxes Due:
You just possibly contracted the contagious disease, Ndunge Fever. You need to see your family doctor to get blood tests. A Mercy Flight takes you back to your home country so you can receive help available.
Canada:
none
Cuba:
none
Rwanda:
$15
Medical Bill:
Out-of-Pocket Model
-Most medical care is paid by the patient

-No insurance or government plan

-Present in rural regions
Africa, India, China and some of South America (Llambias-Wolff, 2008)

Cons
-
"The Out-of-Pocket Method"
"An analysis of 108 surveys in 86 countries has revealed catastrophic payment are incurred by less than 1% of households in some countries and up to 13% in others. Up to 15% of households are pushed into poverty" (WHO, 2005).
How to cope with out of pocket payments:
Two concepts of financial hardship is due to out-of-pocket (OOP) payments are:

1. Catastrophic health expenditure

2. Impoverishment
Catastrophic Health Expenditure
A household's OOP payments are high RELATIVE to the amount of resources that the household must give in comparison to the what services and goods are necessary for their well being.
Financial Risk Protection
Concern that OOP payments can push households below or further below the poverty line.

Household expenditure in this context does not only include cash, but in consumption of products and goods.
Ways for improvement
Our Game:)
Beveridge Model
William Beveridge
Advantages
&
Disadvantages
Advantages
Overarching National Policy Goals
Health care is a right and free of charge.
Responsibility of the state.
Curative and preventative goals are integrated.
Public participates.
Health care activities are integrated with economical and social development.
Global health cooperation is a fundamental obligation.
Definition:
Global health is concerned with all strategies for health improvement. Whether population wide or individually based. This covers all sectors of health. (Global Health Action 2015)
Global Health Care
Access and availability to health care.
Health care at an affordable cost.
Making strategies to improve health care.
Countries
Canada
Cuba
Rwanda
Models
National Health Insurance (Canada)
Beveridge (Cuba)
Out-of-Pocket (Rwanda)
British Economist and social reformer
Published widely on social security and unemployment
Inspiration of the beveridge model

The Beveridge Model
Healthcare is is provided for and financed by the state through state tax payments
There are no medical bills
Providers can be government service
Government controls coast as sole payer
Everyone has access to health care for FREE.
Mortality rates are significantly less in comparison to other countries.
Life expectancy for both sexes is 77.7 years.
Free Medical Education for Cuban, African, and Latin American Students.
Elimination of deathly illnesses and diseases


Disadvantages
Pharmaceutical items are hard to purchase.
Antibiotics are in extremely short supply.
Preoperative tests are often overlooked.
Increased taxes
Facilities are often run down
Old Medical Equipment
Mutuelles de Santé
Goal is to have a health care system that includes everyone.

Summer of 2012

In 2014, 73% of Rwandans used Mutuelle de Santé for their health insurance
Look at your card
Figure out your country
You will have to pay throughout the presentation based on your healthcare system

ROLE OF CHURCH
St. Fabiola
Education clinics in local churches
Christian non-profits
(WV, Food for the Hungry, CURE, Compassion Intl.)
In Conclusion...
-Both benefits and take-backs to each system

-No one-size fits all

-Healthcare unique to meet different environments
Full transcript