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Ancient Egypt

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by

Emmy Elliott

on 15 January 2015

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt
Currency, Taxes, and Trade
Egyptian currency was grain and labor; there was not coined currency
major trade routes were centered in Memphis
HERE are the imports and exports
Social Classes
Egypt invented classism
greatest to least classes: pharaoh, nobles, priests, scribes, soldiers, craftsmen, and finally slaves, servants, and farmers
Jobs
Economic History
Economic Structure
Fast Facts
WHO
IMPORTS
EXPORTS
Egypt

Lebanon

Africa

Afghanistan

Punt

Nubia

Best Allies
all exports of others

all Egyptian exports
gold,papyrus,linen,grain,artifacts
cedar wood
ebony and ivory
lapis lazuli
incense, myrrh, and oils
gold
copper and iron
TAXES
EXPORTS
ARTISTS, ARTISANS, AND ARCHITECTS
MERCHANTS AND TRADERS
SOLDIERS
FARMERS AND OTHER PEASANTS
PHARAOH
SCRIBES
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:

making sure Egypt was facing catastrophes with help (for example: floods, droughts, famine, and others.)
keeping tax warehouses stocked
being a godly figure for his people
ruling his kingdom
warding off attackers
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:
most respected people after priests and government officials
worked for government and temples
kept records and accounts as well as religious and literary texts
did not have to pay taxes
PRIESTS AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:
helped run government and temples
were people from rich and powerful families
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:
after the wars of the middle kingdom, Egypt's professional army was developed
rose your social status
land as payment
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:
jobs required advanced skill
sculptors, builders, carpenters, jewelers, metalworkers, and leather workers
most worked for government or temples
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:
small group became them
accompanied by soldiers, scribes, laborers, and others
RESPONSIBILITIES and FACTS:
made up a vast majority of Egypt's population
depended on Nile flooding to grow crops
used wooden hoes and plows pulled by cows to prepare lands for flooding
worked together to gather harvests
slaves built monuments
women had, comparatively, a lot of rights for those times; they were allowed to own property, make and sign contracts, divorce their husbands, and participate in the overall economy
the more money or power you had, the more taxes you had to pay
1050 B.C.E.
3200 B.C.E.
1550 B.C.E.
2050 B.C.E.
2550 B.C.E.
3050 B.C.E.
2200 B.C.E
2700 B.C.E.
2040 B.C.E.
1750 B.C.E.
NEW KINGDOM
MIDDLE KINGDOM
OLD KINGDOM
old
middle
new
during the new kingdom period (1550 B.C.E.-1050 B.C.E. or the 18th dynasty which was ruled by the pharaoh Ahmose) Egypt was at its peak of economy; they held many nations captive and exchanged with most countries in their reach
: Refer to Currency, Taxes, and Trade
during the middle kingdom period (2040 B.C.E.-1750 B.C.E.) pharaohs could not collect enough taxes to build or maintain the pyramids so Egypt fell into a period of disorder and chaos
during the old kingdom period (2700 B.C.E.-2200 B.C.E.) the Egyptian economy grew more complex. Social classes were developed and trade was developing
: Refer to Social Classes
*slaves were also popular to trade
!
@
#
$
!
%
! (wheat)- {taxes} Wheat was the most common tax for farmers in Ancient Egypt. {exports} Wheat was a common export and was almost like a currency for the population.
@ (slaves working on a pyramid)- Labor was another main tax and was utilized for building tombs, pyramids, and other amazing works of architecture.
#(gold)- Gold was an export to the trade partners (shown in chart above) of Egypt that was extremely valued.
$ (papyrus)- Papyrus was yet another Egyptian export; it was the Egyptian paper.
% (artifacts)- Artifacts were traded on an "Egyptian Black Market" by tomb robbers.
_
_ (pharaoh)- This is a depiction of a pharaoh as Egyptian tomb engraving shows.
(
( (scribe)- This picture of a scribe shows him recording religious texts.
^
^ (priests and government officials)- This picture shows the upper class clothes and style as well as the power of this class in Egypt.
*
* (class pyramid)- This pyramid shows the classes of Ancient Egypt, beginning with the pharaoh as the highest social class.
$
$ (pharaoh and archer)- This picture shows an archer (on foot) preparing to go into battle with his pharaoh in a chariot.
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@ (architects)- The limestone blocks are now believed to be cast in molds by architects, employing an advanced technology that was later lost, leaving a puzzle hidden for thousands of years inside the pyramid stones. So this picture is most likely of architects FINE TUNING a previously molded block of limestone.
# (craftsmen)- These craftsmen are creating various works of art that is THEIR own specialty. Most craftsmen had one talent. For example: painting, sculpting, or weaving. This picture is inaccurate though because glass blowing was not invented until 1 B.C.E.
+
+ (merchants and traders)- This picture shows the people of this class trading goods with each other.
=
&
^
= (farmers)- these farmers are gathering their harvests of grapes.
& (slaves)- These slaves are accomplishing labor to build buildings for the pharaoh.
^ (farmers) - These farmers are herding animals.
#
# (three pyramids)- I interpreted these three pyramids as the different kingdoms of Egypt. (medium sized pyramid is old kingdom, small pyramid is middle kingdom, and new kingdom is biggest pyramid)
!
}
! (life in Ancient Egypt)- I choose this picture because it is one of the main topics of this slide.
} (The Bust of Nefertiti)- I choose The Bust of Nefertiti as a picture because she was a powerful and respected woman in Ancient Egypt and the first fact is about the rights of women.
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