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US History - 18.2 - The Spanish-American War

USH 18.2


on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of US History - 18.2 - The Spanish-American War

Treaty of Paris
Spain, U.S. sign armistice August 1898; meet in Paris to make treaty
Spain frees Cuba
hands Guam, Puerto Rico to U.S.
sells Philippines

Debate over the Treaty
Treaty of Paris touches off great debate over imperialism
McKinley tries to justify annexation of Philippines on moral grounds
Opponents give political, moral, economic arguments against
The Spanish-American War
American Interest in Cuba
U.S. long interested in Cuba; wants to buy Cuba from Spain
During 1868–1878 war for independence, Americans sympathize with Cuba
1886 abolition of slavery leads to U.S. investment in sugar cane
The Second War for Independence
José Martí—poet, journalist—launches second revolution in 1895
Guerrilla campaign destroys American-owned sugar mills, plantations
U.S. public opinion split:
business wants to support Spain
others favor Cuban cause
Spain Takes Action
1896, General Valeriano Weyler sent to Cuba to restore order
Puts about 300,000 Cubans in concentration camps
Headline Wars
Newspapers exploit Weyler’s actions in circulation war
Yellow journalism—sensational (exaggerated) writing used to lure, enrage readers
The de Lôme Letter
Headlines increase American sympathy for independent Cuba
McKinley wants to avoid war, tries diplomacy to resolve crisis
Private letter by Spanish minister Enrique Dupuy de Lôme published
calls McKinley weak, swayed by public
Spain apologizes, de Lôme resigns; American public angry
The U.S.S. Maine Explodes
U.S.S. Maine sent to pick up U.S. citizens, protect U.S. property
Ship blows up in Havana harbor; newspapers blame Spain
The U.S. Declares War
Spain agrees to most U.S. demands, public opinion still favors war
U.S. declares war April 1898
The War in the Philippines
First battle with Spain occurs in Spanish colony of the Philippines
Commodore George Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in Manila harbor
Filipinos, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, support Dewey
August 1898, Spanish troops in Manila surrender to U.S.
The War in the Caribbean
U.S. blockades Cuba; Spanish fleet in Santiago de Cuba harbor
Unlike navy, U.S. army has small professional force, many volunteers
volunteers ill-prepared, ill-supplied
Rough Riders
Rough Riders—Leonard Wood, Theodore Roosevelt lead volunteer cavalry
Roosevelt declared hero of attack on strategic San Juan Hill
Spanish fleet tries to escape blockade, is destroyed in naval battle
U.S. troops invade Puerto Rico soon after
How are these examples of "yellow journalism"?
Complete the "Yellow Journalism"
assignment that has been shared
into your drive.
Full transcript