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Document 8: Pauline Roland
Transcript of Document 8: Pauline Roland
Lived in a "free union" for twelve years, and had two daughters and one son by different fathers. Pauline Roland Doc 5 Doc 9 Doc 11 Doc 12 Workers, you must leave behind division and isolation [and move towards] unity. . . .Then, the working class will be strong; then it will be able to make itself heard, to demand from the bourgeois gentlemen its right to work and to organize.
Workers, it is up to you. . .to establish the rule of justice and absolute equality between man and woman on this earth. . . . You. . .proclaim your recognition that woman is your equal, and as such, you recognize her equal right to the benefits of the universal union of working men and women.
Document 8 Source: Pauline Roland, French writer and political activist, letter to the editor of the
French newspaper Universal Well-Being, 1851.
Woman is entitled to work as is Man, and to have productive, independent employment
which will emancipate her from all dependence. She has the right to choose her work
herself as well as a man and no one can legitimately confine her to the house if she feels
she is called to live otherwise. Finally, as soon as a woman comes of age, she has the right
to arrange her life as she wishes. Biographical Bias and
for all people Grouping Education Woman Unmarried to
children's fathers Work experience Her Children The Revolution is the march of the peoples of the world for equal rights and duties. In the
Democratic and Social Republic [the Commune] this equality becomes a reality. . . . The
whole system of work should be reorganized. . . . We look forward to a future where every
citizen will exercise his rights to the full and be conscious of his duties, where there will be
no more oppressors or oppressed, no class distinctions among citizens and no barriers
between the peoples of different nations. Socialism aims to assure to every human being these two advantages: liberty and property,
of which men are deprived by the capitalist regime. . . . We address ourselves only to
universal suffrage; our ambition is to bring about through this means the economic and
political liberation of all. We demand only the right to persuade the electorate. And no one,
I suppose, would attribute to us the foolish intention of resorting to revolutionary means. Source: Ferdinand Lassalle, German political activist,
“The Workers’ Program,” public speech
delivered in Berlin, 1862. It is the state whose function is to carry on . . . the development of the human race until its freedom is attained. The state is this unity of individuals into a moral whole, a unity which increases a million-fold the strength of all individuals . . . and makes them capable of acquiring an amount of education, power, and freedom which would have been wholly unattainable by them as individuals. . . . A state ruled by the ideas of the working class . . . would make this moral nature of the state its mission. Source: Flora Tristan,
French writer and political activist,
The Workers’ Union, 1843. Source: Central Electoral Committee
of the Eleventh Arrondissement*
of the city of Parisduring the period of the Paris Commune, March 1871. Source: Alexandre Millerand,
member of the French national legislature, speech, 1896 Mahmoud
Bronson Presentation by