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Kingdoms Of Life

A project by the Banana Jams (By Patrick Ng and Evan D'Avignon)
by

Evan D'Avignon

on 9 May 2011

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Transcript of Kingdoms Of Life

Kingdoms of Life Viruses A Virus is a microscopic organism that infect cells of other living cells Viruses reproduce by inserting genetic material into a host cell to take control over it. The cell continues to reproduce but it creates viruses instead. By the Banana Jams
( Patrik Ng + Evan D'Avignon) 5 diseases and the virus that causes them:
1. Hepititis B/C= Hepititis B/C virus.
2. AIDS= HIV virus.
3. Human Herpes= Human herpes Virus six.(HHV6)
4. Influenza= The influenza viruses.
5. Smallpox= Variola major or Vairola minor, E.C:You can protect yourself from viruses by:
Eating healthy (to help your immune system)
Excersice (to keep your immune system healthy)
Taking your vaccines (to prevent viruses)
Keep yourself clean (to reduce viruses on you) BACTERIA A bacterium is a single cell organism, most are non-infectious, that plays an important role in the life cycle. Bacteria reproduces in one of two ways:
Asexually: By single cell division
Sexually: By a male and female bacteria 5 diseases and the bacteria that causes them:
Cholera = vibrio cholerae
Strep throat+Scarlet fever = Streptococcus, Pyogenes
Pneumococcal pneumonia = Sterptococcus pneumoniae
Gonorrhea = Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Diphtheria = Corynebacterium diphtheriae E.C A list of helpful bacteria and how they are helpful
Lactobacillus = found in milk/yogurt/cheese, boosts immune system and helps prevent colon cancer
Bifidobacterium = can reduce diarrhea, boost the immune system, and help prevent colon cancer
E. Coli = helps in the digestive process by speeding it up, but also can cause food poisoning
Streptomyces = a very helpful bacteria that is used in antibiotics that fight off other harmful bacteria PROTISTS PLANT LIKE PROTIST ANIMAL LIKE PROTIST A protist is a term used to describe all eukaryotic (cells with nuclei) organisms besides animals, fungi, and plants. Some animal-like protists move with pseudopods, finger liem structers that extend their bodys forward and pulling the rest forword as well. Other animal like protists move with cilia, little oar like things that help it swim through liquid. Another Way they can move is with flagella, a tail-like thing that helps them swim too. Protists can reproduce asexually or sexually, asexually is when it divides into two from one cell. Sexually is when a male and female make another cell together. Fungi-like protists are protists that are similar to fungi. They like to live in damp organic-rich places like rotting plants. It can feed on things such as bacteria. Fungi Fungi is similar to plants, but it can't make it's own food. It gets food by it's surroundings.
Fungi is very useful at breaking things down, like rotting animals and plants.
Fungi need many things to grow, such as warm tempatures, water, and darkness. These are the conditions that fungi grow the best in Descriptions of different types of fungi:
Mushroom = a fungi that grow above ground, some are poisonous, some are edible.
Yeast = a unicellular fungi that can be used in the making of alcoholic beverages.
Mould = a fungi that uses spores to reproduce. It can be dangerous to your health.
Lichens = a fungi that lives on top of green alga. It absorbs food from the alga and helps the alga by covering it to help it stay wet. Fungi reproduce either sexually of asexually. They reproduce sexually if they release spores in the air and a male cell and a female cell come together to make a new fungi. Asexually is when it grows spontaneously. Sort of like a new fungi growing off an older fungi. E.C. Fungi is used as a food source in many different ways, such as bread. Yeast is used in the production of bread. Blue cheese is made using mould and miso (a Japanese ingredient) is made with yeasts. Mushrooms are great examples of a food source, but some are not edible or are poisonous. Truffles are a type of fungi, and can be eaten just like a mushroom. Plants Plants that don�t have seeds use spores instead. When a plant uses spores, they are reproducing asexually. A spore already has male and female cells so spores can grow into plants themselves. Flowering plants reproduce with the pollen found at the center of the flower (on top of the stamen) starts entering the ovary (the place where the seed forms) and starts forming the seed. Once the seed is mature, it makes its way to the ground either by wildlife moving it or the flower dying and the seed falling out. Flowering plants reproduce with the pollen found at the center of the flower (on top of the stamen) starts entering the ovary (the place where the seed forms) and starts forming the seed. Once the seed is mature, it makes its way to the ground either by wildlife moving it or the flower dying and the seed falling out. Animals Animals are different from other life forms in many different ways. Some ways are:
Animal cells are eukaryotes, meaning the cells have a nucleus.
Animal cells don�t have cell walls while plants do.
Animals are multicellular, which means they are made up of more than one cell.
Animals are heterotrophs. They need carbon to support basic processes of life (reproduction, growth, development, etc.). Different animals get food in different ways. Some ways animals can get food with are:
Tongues = Some animals use their tongue to hold on to the food to put it in their mouth.
Beaks/Bills = Animals that are birds can have long bills to catch fish as food. Other bird have shorter beaks to crack open nuts and seeds.
Claws = Animals with claws use their claws to help hunt for prey and to help rip open the pray to eat.
Tentacles = Some animals in the water can have tentacles. Tentacles can be used to capture prey and strangle them to be ready to eat. For animals to reproduce, they need both a male and female animal for reproduction to work. The female somehow contributes the eggs, while the male gives the eggs sperm. Once the egg(s) are combined with the sperm, the egg will grow into a new animal. Simple Animals Sponge Jellyfish Mollusks Simple animals include sponges, jellyfish, and mollusks. Here are some definitions:
Sponges = Sponges are a very simple form of an animal. One end of the sponge is attached to a base, while the other end is open to its surroundings. The open end is what receives nutrients, even though it lacks organs.
Jellyfish = A jellyfish is an animal that has a bag-like thing with tentacles hanging from it. The tentacles are there to help the jellyfish catch its prey, while the bag-like thing is used to keep the jellyfish afloat.
Mollusks = Mollusks are animals that have a soft body, and can live in either water or land. They include clams, snails, squid, and many more. Most molluscs have shells, but some have lost theirs over the past years of evolution. Like all other animals, simple animals have to get food. Here are the ways they get food:
Sponges get their food either by getting small microorganisms (like algae or bacteria) through openings in their body or by using a part of their body (the spicule) to capture very small prey.
Jellyfish use their tentacles hanging from their body to catch food, and pull it up into its body to eat it.
Mollusks eat with a tongue lined with tiny teeth. The tongue is used to scrape animals or plants off rocks and to rip up the food into bits. Clams, oysters, mussels, etc. use gills to filter food particles from water. Mammals Some characteristics of a Mammal are:
Mammals are warm-blooded. Their bodies can maintain about the same temperature even if their surroundings are not the same.
All mammals can have hair at one point at their life.
Mammals nurse their babies with the mother�s milk.
Mammals have to eat lots to maintain their body temperature. There�s a difference between carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores. This is the definitions of all of them:
Carnivores are meat eaters. Their body is designed with sharp teeth and big mouths to help them hunt prey.
Omnivores can eat both plants and meat. We humans are omnivores.
Herbivores are plant eaters. Some herbivores have specially designed stomachs so they can eat other plants that some other animals can�t eat. Coniferous plants reproduce by the seeds they grow inside of a
cone. The plant can have both male and female cones; the male
cone is the one that releases the pollen though, while the
female is the one that receives the pollen via wind and insect
movement. Once the female receives the pollen, seeds begin to
form inside of it, waiting to be dropped on the ground and grow
into a new plant. A few things that make a plant a plant are:
They can make their own food using sunlight in a process called photosynthesis
They have a wall around their cells that protects the plant
They have a cuticle, a layer that coats the surfaces of the plant to keep it from drying out
They have two stages in a plant life. The sporophyte stage where it releases spores and plants can grow from the spores. The gametophyte stage where a male and female cell joins together and grow into a new plant E.C. One important reason plants are important to the biosphere is when plants do photosynthesis, a process of the plant converting sunlight into food. When this is happening the plant uses up harmful carbon dioxide and produces oxygen, a very important thing in the biosphere. Another important reason is for food. Herbivores can eat certain plants such as leaves and grass. Both herbivores and omnivores can eat fruits and vegetables that plants make. The last reason is for shelter. Animals can use trees and plants as a home, so that is important to the biosphere. General Infomation Reproduction >< p Kingdoms of Life The End Sources A description of what a virus is = dictionary.com and medicalnewstoday.com
A description of how viruses reproduce = medicalnewstoday.com and youtube.com
5 diseases and the virus that causes them = newsmedical.com
E.C. Decribe how you can protect yourself against viruses = medicalnewstoday.com
A desciption of what a bacteria is = About.com
A description of how bacteria reproduce = library.thinkquest.org
5 diseases and the bacteria that causes them = microbiologyprocedure.com
E.C. A list of helpful bacteria and how they are helpful = livestroung.com and simple-remedies.com
A description of what a protist (is) = wisegeek.com
A description of how protists move = lanesville.k12.in.vs
A description of how protists reproduce = britannica.com
E.C. A description of fungus-like protists = cliffnotes.com
An explanation of what fungi are and how they grow = botany.hawaii.edu and medicalnewstoday.com
Descriptions of different types of fungi = infoplease.com, yeastgenome.org, enotes.com, hc-sc.gc.ca
A description of how fungi reproduce = ehow.com
E.C. Explain how humans use fungi as a food source = botany.hawaii.edu
A basic description of what a plant is (what makes a plant a plant) = step.nn.k12.va.us/science/lifesci/ppt/whatmakesplant.ppt (Microsoft powerpoint)
E.C. An explanation of why plants are important to out(side) biosphere = Patrik's brain
A description of how non-seed plants reproduce = ehow.com
A description of how conifers reproduce = ehow.com
A description of how flowering plants reproduce = ehow.com
A description of the what an animal is. (how are animals different from other forms of life) = animals.about.com
An explanation of how animals get their food = hubpages.com
Decribe how animals reproduce = ehow.com
Description of the different types of simple animals = tolweb.org, thecanadianencyclopedia.com, allsands.com
A description of how each of the above gets its food = infoplease.com, tolweb.org, allsands.com
A description of that a mammal is (that makes no sense...) = readyed.com
A explanation of the difference between carnivoires, omnivores and herbivores = Patrik's brain
All pictures were found by Evan off googleimages.com
All videos were found off youtube.com
Full transcript