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Be That Person

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Karina Murray

on 10 April 2016

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Transcript of Be That Person

How does Alberta Compare?


“... much more could be done to fill the gaps between what was presented as effective crime
prevention and the situation in Alberta today.”

Programs have not been implemented on a systematic basis.

Limited strategic partnerships.

Municipalities receive little technical and financial support.

Not all strategies are evidence-based.

Local data is not being used.

Projects are time-limited and lack sustained funding.
Violent Crime in Edmonton
Karina Murray
Mero Mogus

Violent Crime in Edmonton
What Contributes to Making a Place Feel Safe
References
Aboriginals
Presentation by:
Karina Murray
Mero Mogus

Well Lit Sidewalks
UK Study Found:

No Evidence
What Started it All
Visible Presence of Police and Peace Officers
Southwest Division -District C1
Belgravia
McKernan
Garneau
Queen Alexandra
Windsor Park
Ritchie
Strathcona
Regular Transportation
"Woman Assaulted after Getting off Bus in North Edmonton"
CCTV
Absence of Panhandlers
Institute for the Prevention of Crime in Ottawa
"Homeless persons are less likely to be charged with violent offenses, and more likely to be charged with property-related offenses, such as those which meet their survival needs "
Lots of People on the Street
March 30th: 34,477 April 6th: 25,530
Bystander Intervention
Hypothesis: If Edmontonians had the skills to be capable bystanders, violent crime in Edmonton would decrease.
Community Readiness Model
Terwillegar Town vs. NIMBYism
Identify High Risk Situations
Violent Crime
Current Campaigns to Prevent Sexual Assault
Keep Communities Safe 2007 Crime Reduction and Safe Communities task force

There isn't enough being done to prevent crime.

Preventing crime and improving safety isn't something government or the courts or the police can do alone.

Albertans need to take responsibility at all levels. This is about individuals, families and communities stepping up and recognizing that many of the factors that contribute to crime are within their own hands

Crime is having a serious impact on our quality of life.

Crime touches far too many people.
Don't Be That Guy
Don't Be That Girl
University of Alberta Feminism Group
Edmonton Men Speaking Out
Kitty Genovese

The most infamous example of the bystander effect took place on March 13, 1964, in Kew Gardens, Queens, NY, when Catherine Genovese was entering her apartment building at about 3:15 AM, from work. She was stabbed twice in the back by Winston Moseley, a heavy machine operator, who later explained that he simply “wanted to kill a woman.”

Genovese screamed, “Oh, my God! He stabbed me! Help me!” and collapsed. Several neighbors in surrounding buildings reported hearing her voice, but decided it was probably just a drunken brawl or lovers’ spat. One man shouted from his window, “Let that girl alone!” which scared Moseley away.
This neighbor was sure to have seen Genovese crawling across the street, under a streetlight, to her apartment, but did nothing to help her. Witnesses saw Moseley drive away, then return about 10 minutes later. He had put on a wider-rimmed hat to hide his face, and searched for Genovese in the parking lot, the train station, and the apartment complex, for 10 minutes, before finding her prone in the external hallway at the rear of the building, where the door was locked. She could not get in.

Moseley proceeded to stab her to death, inflicting multiple wounds in her hands and forearms, indicating that she tried to fight him off. She finally succumbed and he raped her as she lay dying. He then stole around $50 from her and fled. The whole incident spanned 30 minutes.

A newspaper blasted it the next day as “Thirty-eight Who Saw Murder Didn’t Call Police,” but this is inaccurate. There were approximately 12 people who claimed to have seen the first attack. Many of them later stated that they “just didn’t want to get involved.” A simple phone call to the police would have sufficed, but everyone assumed someone else would do it.
Benefits to Bystander Intervention
Primary (prior to assault)
Secondary (during)
Tertiary (after assault)

Challenges members of community to take responsibility
Create an environment where Violence is not tolerated.
Increases community involvement
Provides proactive solutions to combating crime
Bystander Intervention is gender inclusive.
Speak out against social norms that support violence
Provide support to survivors of assault
Discourages Victim Blaming
Example
Intoxicated Woman Crying In the Bathroom

Lost her friends and Vomiting
Males
Follow BRAVA
Ask her if she's ok?
Ask a fellow girl to help her find her friends.
Females
Follow BRAVA
Ask her if she's ok?
Help her find her friends
Example
Girl walking alone at night
Males
Follow BRAVA
At distance keep eye out
Females
Follow BRAVA
Watch out for each other
Walk with her
Barriers to Bystander Intervention
Bystander distraction
Ignorance
Ambiguity
Failure to take responsibility : presence of other, relationship to victim/perpetrator
Victim worthiness
Don’t know how to intervene
Fear of embarrassment or awkwardness
What is Needed
Education
Identify high risk situation
Emphasis on Bystander Responsibility
Encouragement
Sharing Stories
Training
BRAVA
"The world is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing."
- Albert Einstein
"It is the responsibility of Individuals to be responsible for other Individuals"
Anonymous
Preplanning Stage
Goal: Raise Awareness with Concrete Ideas to Combat
Condition
Introduce information about the issue through presentations and media.

Visit and develop support from community leaders in the cause.

Review existing efforts in community (curriculum, programs, activities, etc.) to determine who benefits and what the degree of success has been.

Conduct local focus groups to discuss issues and develop strategies.

Increase media exposure through radio and public service announcements.
"The world is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing."
- Albert Einstein
Crime Rate: Indicator of Social and Economic Well-being of a Society.

56% of Albertan's feel that Crime is a High Priority Concern.

1 in 6 Albertan's have been victims of violent crime.

Alberta's Violent Crime Rate has been higher than the Canadian Average for the last 10 years.

In 2005, 59% of Violent Crimes committed in the areas of Edmonton and Calgary.

Edmonton has the highest homicide rate in Canada.

Violent Crimes cost Canadian upwards of 12.7 billion dollars a year.


Edmonton police searching for suspect following overnight shooting
Charges laid against Jayme Pasieka in west Edmonton warehouse stabbing
2 dead, 4 hurt in stabbing at Edmonton warehouse; suspect arrested
Man dies after beating on Edmonton transit train
Edmonton purse snatcher punched victim several times
Edmonton Woman Attacked Outsider Her Apartment Building
Violence Reduction Strategy
Prevention:
Vulnerable Persons Strategy
Edged Weapons
Weekly Disorderly Updates
Intervention:
Victim Services Team
Community Action Team
Suppression:
Specialized Traffic Apprehension Teams
Violent Crime Hotspot Management Team
Safety Tips
There is safety in numbers. Avoid walking alone.
Role play what you would do if you are confronted by someone intending to harm you.
Have a ‘worst-case scenario’ plan.
Stick to well-populated, busy areas.
Walk in the light and stay in well-lit areas.
Take a cell phone.
Do not make and take calls while walking – you will appear distracted.
Keep your head up and look confident.
Your best weapon is your brain. Use common sense, imagination, and good judgment.
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) found that bystanders were present in two-thirds of violent victimization's
70% of assaults
52% of robberies
29% of rapes or sexual assaults
Estimated 6.4 million violent crimes are witnessed by third parties each year.
Changing face of Alberta

Alberta's population growing at unprecedented rate.

Significant number of people in high-crime age group.

14.3% compared to the Canadian average of 12.7%.

Lack of community cohesion. Newcomers and seasonal workers.
Founded in May 1980
Police Reported Impaired Driving in 1986: 600,000
2011: Under 300,000
Since 1980's :
AGLC
Proserve
Stricter Liquor Laws and Penalties
Key Informants
Edmonton City Council
Sexual Assault Centre of Edmonton
Edmonton Police Service
Neighborhood Empowerment Team
Citizens in Various Neighborhoods
Premise of the Model
1) that communities are at different stages of readiness for dealing with a specific problem
2) that the stage of readiness can be accurately assessed
3) that communities can be moved through a series of stages to develop, implement, maintain, and improve effective programs,
4) that it is critical to identify the stage of readiness because interventions to move communities to the next stage differ for each stage of readiness.
Level of Awareness
No Awareness
Denial
Vague Awareness
Preplanning
Preparation
Initiation
Stabilization
Confirmation/Expansion
Professionalization
Who Does Violent Crime Effect?
Community Social Work Role
Linkage & Facilitator
Safe & Inclusive
More resilient to hardship
Security & Stability
Time to get involved
Community Perspective
“The best solutions will come when communities and community agencies work together to
tackle issues in their neighborhoods and make community safety a priority.”

The Truth About Crime in Alberta
Violence and Crime higher on reserves with less services to address the challenges.

Lack of understanding from surrounding communities.

More factors that influence crime.

40% of Aboriginal adults victimized by crime, compared to 28% of Non-Aboriginal adults.
CBC News. (2014). Violent crime cost in Canada. Retrieved February 25, 2014 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/violent-crime-cost-in-canada-tops-12-7b-in-one-year-1.2557068
Edmonton Police. (2014). Crime prevention tip sheet. Retrieved February 25, 2014 from http://www.edmontonpolice.ca/~/media/EPS%20External/Files/Brochures/CrimePreventionTipSheets/PersonalSafety/Tip%20Sheet%20%20%20Walking%20Alone.ashx
Edmonton Police. (2014). Neighborhood empowerment team. Retrieved February 25, 2014 from http://www.edmontonpolice.ca/NET
Edmonton Police. (2014). Violence Reduction Strategy. Retrieved February 25, 2014 from
http://www.edmontonpolice.ca/vrs
Justice Alberta. (2014). Keeping communities safe. Retrieved February 25, 2014 from https://justice.alberta.ca/programs_services/safe/Documents/KeepingCommunitiesSafe_v3_sm.pdf
Statistics Canada. (2011). Impaired driving in Canada. Retrieved February 25, 2014 from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2013001/article/11739-eng.htm
AUMA. (N.D.). Welcoming & inclusive communities toolkit. Retrieved February 10, 2014 from http://www.auma.ca/live/digitalAssets/25/25953_WICT_booklet_10232008.pdf
Boyle and Districts Crime Watch Association (2012). http://www.boyleruralcrimewatch.ca/images/information/general-stats.pdf
Edwards, R. W., Jumper‐Thurman, P., Plested, B. A., Oetting, E. R., & Swanson, L. (2000). Community readiness: Research to practice. Journal of Community Psychology, 28(3), 291-307. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(200005)28:3<291::AID-JCOP5>3.0.CO;2-9
Employment and Social Development Canada: Security-Victims of Violent Crime http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=61
Hart, T. C., & Miethe, T. D. (2008). Exploring bystander presence and intervention in nonfatal violent victimization: When does helping really help? Violence and Victims, 23(5), 637-651. doi:10.1891/0886-6708.23.5.637
Reynald, D. M. (2010). Guardians on guardianship: Factors affecting the willingness to supervise, the ability to detect potential offenders, and the willingness to intervene. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 47(3), 358-390. doi:10.1177/0022427810365904
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